This year marks the 800th Anniversary of the Revelation of The Holy Rosary, by Our Lady Mary, to Saint Dominic, in 1214.
English: The Madonna giving The Holy Rosary to Saint Dominic.
Deutsch: Rosenkranz madonna, Szene: Maria mit Hl. Dominikus, zwei Engeln
sowie Medaillons mit Darstellung zu Szenen aus dem Leben Jesu und der Passion.
Artist: Guido Reni (1575–1642).
Current location: Basilica di San Luca, Bologna, Italy.
Source: The Yorck Project: 10.000 Meisterwerke der Malerei. DVD-ROM, 2002.
ISBN 3936122202. Distributed by DIRECTMEDIA Publishing GmbH.
The following Text is taken from Wikipedia - the free encyclopaedia.
There are differing views on the history of The Rosary. According to Tradition, the concept of The Rosary was given to Saint Dominic in an apparition by The Virgin Mary, in 1214, in the Church of Prouille.
This Marian apparition received the Title of Our Lady of The Rosary. In the 15th-Century, it was promoted by Alanus de Rupe (also known as Alain de la Roche or Saint Alan of the Rock), a learned Dominican Priest and Theologian, who established the "Fifteen Rosary Promises" and started many Rosary Confraternities. However, most scholarly research suggests a more gradual and organic development of The Rosary.
The practice of Meditation, during the Praying of The Hail Marys, is attributed to Dominic of Prussia (1382–1460), a Carthusian Monk, who called it the "Life of Jesus Rosary". The German Monk, from Trier, added a sentence to each of the fifty Hail Marys, using quotes from Scriptures. In 1569, the Papal Bull Consueverunt Romani Pontifices, by the Dominican Pope Pius V, officially established the Devotion to The Rosary in The Catholic Church.
From the 16th- to the Early-20th-Century, the structure of The Rosary remained essentially unchanged. There were fifteen Mysteries, one for each of the fifteen Decades of The Rosary. In the 20th-Century, the addition of The Fatima Prayer, to the end of each Decade, became more common. There were no other changes until 2002, when Pope Saint John Paul II instituted five optional new Luminous Mysteries.
[Editor: The Fatima Prayer: "O my Jesus, forgive us our sins, save us from the fires of Hell, and lead all Souls to Heaven, especially those in most need of Your Mercy". (Our Lady at Fatima, 13th July 1917)]
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