Saturday, 27 December 2014

Saint John. Apostle And Evangelist. Feast Day 27 December.


Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless otherwise stated.

Saint John.
Apostle and Evangelist.
Feast Day 27 December.

Station at Saint Mary Major.
Indulgence of 30 Years and 30 Quarantines.

Double of the Second-Class
with Simple Octave.

White Vestments.



Saint John the Apostle and Evangelist
at Patmos.
Artist: Peter Paul Rubens (1577–1640).
Date: Circa 1611.
Source: http://www.artbible.info/art/topics/rubens-apostles-series.
(Wikimedia Commons)


The Four Holy Men
(Saint John the Evangelist and Saint Peter)
(Detail).
Artist: Albrecht Dürer (1471–1528).
Date: 1526.
Current location: Alte Pinakothek,
Munich, Germany.
Source/Photographer: Web Gallery of Art.
(Wikimedia Commons)


The Station was held at Saint Mary Major, in honour of her to whom Jesus on The Cross entrusted to Saint John: "Woman, behold thy son."

It is God Whom we adore at Bethlehem during Christmas time. Thus, it was natural that Saint John, the chief Evangelist of The Divinity of Christ, should be found beside the Crib, to disclose the greatness of The Infant Who reposes therein.

It is to him that Jesus wished to entrust His Mother when Joseph will have passed away. The Liturgy, therefore, loves to show together, beside The Child and His Mother, him whom the Gospel calls The Apostle, the Just Man, and whom The Church today honours with the same title (Offertory).


The Infant God in the Crib gathers around Him pure Souls: Mary is The Blessed Virgin; Joseph The Chaste Spouse; Saint Stephen The First Martyr, who washes his robe in The Blood of The Lamb. Now, behold Saint John, The Virgin Apostle.

Crowned with the halo of those who knew how to to conquer their flesh, for this reason he became "the Disciple whom Jesus loved, and who also leaned on His breast at Supper" (Gospel). Thanks to his Angelic purity, he imbibed that wholesome wisdom of which the Epistle speaks and which won for him the halo of Doctor.

The Introit of his Mass is the one The Church uses in the "Common of Doctors". It is to Saint John, who wrote a Gospel, three Epistles and The Apocalypse, that we owe the most beautiful pages on the Divinity of The Word Made Flesh; and it is for this reason that he is symbolised by the eagle which soars in the heights.


Finally, he received the halo of Martyr, since he only escaped a violent death by that special protection of which the Gospel speaks and which made many believe that the beloved Disciple would not die. Actually, he did not depart this life until all the other Apostles had passed away. His name is mentioned with theirs in The Canon of The Mass (First List).

The desire to connect the great Saints with The Feast of The Nativity was the cause of Celebrating on this day, except at Rome, the Feast of Saint James, brother of Saint John, and on 28 December that of Saint Peter and Saint Paul.

"On this day, wine offered by The Faithful is Blessed in Remembrance and in honour of Saint John, who, without any ill effects, drank a cup of poisoned wine" (Roman Ritual).

Every Parish Priest celebrates Mass for the people of his Parish.



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