Roman Text is taken from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal.
Italic Text is taken from Wikipedia - the free encyclopaedia,
unless otherwise stated.
Saint Pius V.
Pope and Confessor.
Feast Day 5 May.
Deutsch: Porträt des Papst Pius V.
English: Pope Saint Pius V.
Artist: El Greco (1541–1614).
Date: Circa 1600 - 1610.
Source: The Yorck Project: 10.000 Meisterwerke der Malerei.
DVD-ROM, 2002. ISBN 3936122202. Distributed by
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Pius, born at Bosco, in Lombardy, Italy, entered at the age of fourteen into the Order of Preachers (The Dominicans).
As Bishop, Cardinal and Pope (Introit, Epistle, Communion), he put to profit the talents entrusted to him by God (Gospel).
His Pontificate, although short, was one of the most glorious of the 16th-Century. Protestantism had proclaimed the Reformation and Islam threatened the West. To remedy the ills, under which Christendom groaned, Pope Saint Pius V enforced obedience to the Decrees of the Council of Trent, published a new edition of the Missal and Breviary and obtained, by the Prayers he asked for, the glorious victory won by the Christian forces at Lepanto in 1571.
He instituted, on that occasion, the Feast of Our Lady of Victories, which became, later on, the Feast of the Most Holy Rosary.
He died on 5 May 1572, reciting the Hymn of Paschaltide.
Pius V declared Thomas Aquinas a Doctor of the Church and patronised prominent sacred music composer Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina.
As a Cardinal, Ghislieri gained a reputation for putting orthodoxy before personalities, prosecuting eight French Bishops for Heresy. He also stood firm against nepotism, rebuking his predecessor, Pope Pius IV, to his face, when he wanted to make a 13-year old member of his family a Cardinal and subsidise a nephew from the Papal Treasury.
In affairs of State, Pius V excommunicated Queen Elizabeth I of England for schism and persecution of English Catholics during her reign. He also arranged the formation of the Holy League, an alliance of Catholic States. Although outnumbered, the Holy League famously defeated the Ottoman Empire, which had threatened to overrun Europe, at the Battle of Lepanto. Pius V attributed the victory to the intercession of The Blessed Virgin Mary and instituted the feast of Our Lady of Victory.