Roman Text is taken from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal.
Italic Text is taken from Wikipedia - the free encyclopaedia,
unless otherwise stated.
Bishop and Martyr.
Feast Day 7 May.
Saint Stanislaus of Szczepanów.
Artist: Stanisław Samostrzelnik (1485–1541).
Date: 1530 - 1535.
Current location: National Library of Poland.
English: State flag of Poland with Coat of Arms, symbolic version. Based on Image:Flag of Poland.svg and Image:Herb Polski.svg. Note: the Coat of Arms used here is not the official, accurate version. The official one is still not available in vector format.
Polski: Flaga Polski z godłem, wersja symboliczna. Oparta na Image:Flag of Poland.svg i Image:Herb Polski.svg. Uwaga: godło użyte w tej grafice nie jest oficjalne. Oficjalna wersja godła nie jest jeszcze dostępna w formacie wektorowym, stąd zamieszczono poniżej dodatkową wersję tej grafiki w formacie PNG, w której użyto poprawnego wizerunku godła.
Date: 26 June 2007.
Source: Own work.
Saint Stanislaus, born in Poland, was made Bishop of Cracow in 1072. He became an object of hatred to King Boleslas II, whom he reproached for his tyranny and dissolute life.
One day, whilst the Saint was saying Mass, the King rushed at him and slew him (Collect). This was in 1079. Saint Stanislaus is the Patron Saint of Poland.
According to tradition, Stanisław was born at Szczepanów, a village in Lesser Poland, the only son of the noble and pious Wielisław and Bogna. He was educated at a Cathedral school in Gniezno (then the capital of Poland) and later, according to different sources, in Paris or Liège. On his return to Poland, Stanisław was ordained a Priest by Lambert II Suła, Bishop of Kraków.
After the Bishop's death (1072), Stanisław was elected his successor, but accepted the Office only at the explicit command of Pope Alexander II. Stanisław was one of the earliest native Polish Bishops. He also became a Ducal Advisor and had some influence on Polish politics.
Stanisław's major accomplishments included bringing Papal Legates to Poland, and re-establishment of a Metropolitan See in Gniezno. The latter was a pre-condition for Duke Bolesław's coronation as King, which took place in 1076. Stanisław then encouraged King Bolesław to establish Benedictine Monasteries to aid in the Christianisation of Poland.