Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless otherwise stated.
The Seven Sorrows of The Blessed Virgin Mary.
Feast Day 15 September.
Double of The Second-Class.
Mary stood at the Foot of The Cross where Jesus was hanging (Introit, Gradual, Alleluia, Sequence, Gospel) and, as Simeon had Prophesied (Collect), a Sword of Sorrow pierced her Soul (Secret). Powerless, "she saw her Sweet Child desolate in the anguish of death, and she received His Last Breath" (Sequence).
The compassion which her Maternal Heart felt at the Foot of The Cross obtained for her as its reward the Palm of Martyrdom without death (Communion).
This Feast was Celebrated with great Solemnity by The Servites in the 17th-Century. In 1817, it was extended by Pope Pius VII to the whole Church, so as to recall the sufferings she had undergone in the person of her exiled and captive head [Editor: the Pope], delivered by the protection of The Blessed Virgin.
Just as the first Feast of The Sorrows of Mary, in Passiontide, shows us how she had her share in the Sacrifice of Jesus, the second Feast, in the Season after Pentecost, tells us of all the compassion which The Mother of The Saviour feels for The Church, the spouse of Jesus, who is crucified in her turn [Editor: The Church] and whose Devotion to The Sorrows of Mary increases in these calamitous times.
His Holiness Pope Saint Pius X, in 1908, raised this Feast to the Rank of a Solemnity of The Second-Class.
Mass: Stabant juxta crucem.
Sequence: Stabat Mater.
Commemoration (at Low Mass) of Saint Nicomedes (Martyr).