English: Postcard is from the poster printed by Ricordi
Italiano: Cartolina tratta dalla locandina stampata da Ricordi in occasione
Source: Teatro Regio di Torino, programma di sala di Manon Lescaut, stagione 2005-2006.
Author: Vespasiano Bignami (1841-1929).
As a light relief to Lenten mortification, tomorrow afternoon Zephyrinus will be attending a Live Feed Cinema performance, from The New York Met, of Puccini's Manon Lescaut.
Preceded by a very long Lunch at a First-Class Restaurant.
The Libretto is in Italian, and was cobbled together by five Librettists whom Puccini employed: Ruggero Leoncavallo; Marco Praga; Giuseppe Giacosa; Domenico Oliva; and Luigi Illica. The publisher, Giulio Ricordi, and the composer also contributed to the book. So confused was the authorship of the book, that no one was credited on the Title Page of the original Score. However, it was Illica and Giacosa who completed the Libretto and went on to contribute to the booklet about Puccini's next three (and most successful) works, La Bohème, Tosca, and Madama Butterfly.
Puccini took some musical elements in Manon Lescaut from earlier works he had written. For example, the Madrigal, "On the Summit of the Mountain", from Act II, echoes "The Agnus Dei" from his 1880 Mass for Four Voices. Other elements of Manon Lescaut come from his compositions for Strings: The Quartet Chrysanthemums (January 1890); Three Menuets (probably 1884); and a Scherzo (1883?). The Love Theme comes from the Air Mentia Notice (1883).