Monday, 18 July 2016

In The Choir Of Aachen Cathedral. Im Chor Des Münsters Zu Aachen.


Text from Wikipedia - the free encyclopaedia,
unless otherwise stated.





"In The Choir of Aachen Cathedral".
Artist: Franz Stegmann (1831–1892).
Date: 1890.
Author: Franz Stegmann (1831–1892).
(Wikimedia Commons)


Franz Stegmann (born 16 September 1831, in Gandersheim, Germany; died 18 April 1892, in Dusseldorf, Germany) was a painter of architecture of The Düsseldorf School.

Stegmann was the son of a Magistrate in the Duchy of Brunswick, Germany. He spent three years studying architecture in Braunschweig. Then, he switched to painting and attended the Academies in Brussels (1854 at CA Wauters), Munich (1855-1857), as well as Dusseldorf, where he settled in 1857 and joined the Malkasten Artists' Association. He also joined the Kunstverein München.

Stegmann undertook Study Tours to Italy, France and The Netherlands. He also exhibited in Berlin, Hanover and Dusseldorf.



Aachen Cathedral,
Germany.
Photo:: 13 April 2012.
Source: Own work.
(Wikimedia Commons)



English: Saint Joachim, Saint Anne (with Mary and Jesus, as children), Saint Joseph.
Statues on the exterior of Aachen Cathedral, Germany.
Français: Saint Joachim, Sainte Anne (avec l'enfant Jésus et Marie), Saint Joseph, statues au dessus d'un porche de la cathédrale, Aix-la-Chapelle, Allemagne.
Photo: 21 December 2013.
Source: Own work.
Author: Jebulon.
(Wikimedia Commons)



Aachen Cathedral, also referred to as The Kaiserdom (Imperial Cathedral) of Aachen,
is a building of great historical, architectural and religious importance. Built by Charlemagne in 805 A.D., its unique design was highly influential on German Church architecture and it was a site of Imperial Coronations and pilgrimage for many Centuries.
Photo: 6 June 2010.
Author: Jim.
(Wikimedia Commons)


Aachen Cathedral (German: Aachener Dom), Traditionally known in English as The Cathedral of Aix-la-Chapelle, is a Roman Catholic Church in Aachen, Germany. It is the oldest Cathedral in Northern Europe and was constructed by order of The Emperor Charlemagne, who was buried there in 814 A.D. For 595 years, from 936 A.D. to 1531, the Aachen Chapel was the Church of Coronation for thirty German Kings and twelve Queens. The Church has been The Episcopal Seat of The Diocese of Aachen since 1802.

Charlemagne began the construction of The Palatine Chapel around 796 A.D., along with the building of the rest of the Palace structures. The construction is credited to Odo of Metz. The exact date of completion is unclear. However, a Letter from Alcuin, in 798 A.D., states that it was nearing completion, and, in 805 A.D., Pope Leo III Consecrated the finished Chapel. A Foundry was brought to Aachen near the end of the 8th-Century A.D. and was utilised to cast multiple bronze pieces, from doors and the railings to the horse and bear statues.

Charlemagne was buried in the Chapel in 814 A.D. It suffered a large amount of damage in a Viking raid in 881 A.D., and was restored in 983 A.D. After Frederick Barbarossa Canonised Charlemagne, in 1165, the Chapel became a draw for pilgrims. In order to sustain the enormous flow of pilgrims in the Gothic period, a Choir Hall was built, in 1355, and a two-part Capella Vitrea (Glass Chapel) which was Consecrated on the 600th Anniversary of Charlemagne's death. A Cupola, several other Chapels and a Steeple were also constructed at later dates. It was restored again in 1881, when the Baroque stucco was removed. In 1978, it was one of the first twelve items to make the entry into the UNESCO List of World Heritage Sites, as the first German, and one of the first three European, historical ensembles.



English: Illuminated Apostle Cycle on the occasion of The 600-Year Festival,
in The Gothic Choir Hall of Aachen Cathedral, Germany.
Deutsch: Illuminierter Apostelzyklus anlässlich der Festwoche
„600 Jahre gotische Chorhalle“ des Aachener Doms.
Français: Cycle d'Apôtres illuminés à l'occasion de la semaine de fête
„600 ans hall de chœur gothique“ de laCathédrale d'Aix-la-Chapelle.
Nederlands: Verlichte Apostel cyclus op het festival
„600 jaar gotische koor hal“ van de Dom van Aken.
Photo: 14 September 2014.
Source: Own work.
Author: ACBahn.
(Wikimedia Commons)


The Cathedral uses two distinct architectural Styles, with small portions of a third Style, First, the core of the Cathedral is the Carolingian-Romanesque Palatine Chapel, which was modelled after San Vitale at Ravenna, Italy, and is notably small in comparison to the later additions. Secondly, the Choir was constructed in the Gothic Style. Finally, there are portions that show Ottonian Style, such as the area around The Throne.

Between 1355 and 1414, on the initiative of the Marienstift and the Mayor of Aachen, Gerhard Chorus (1285–1367), a Gothic Choir was built to the East of The Octagon. Before this, there must have been a rectangular Carolingian Choir.

The Gothic Choir measures twenty-five metres in length, thirteen metres wide and thirty-two metres high. Its external wall is broken, as much as possible, by windows - the surface area of the glass is more than 1,000 m² and led to the name Glashaus (Glass House). This was conceived as a Glass Reliquary for The Holy Relics of Aachen and for the body of Charlemagne.

The design is arranged on the model of The Sainte-Chapelle, Paris, France; likewise a space for important Relics and a Royal Palace Chapel. For the protection of the Vault of The Choir, iron rods were built in at the time of construction, to counter the lateral force on the narrow Stone Supports and to allow as much space as possible between them for window space.

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