Cloisters of Saint John Lateran, Rome. Source:

Tuesday, 30 August 2016

Saint Rose Of Lima. Feast Day 30 August.

Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless otherwise stated.

Saint Rose of Lima.
Feast Day 30 August.


White Vestments.

English: Saint Rose of Lima.
This picture is companion of Saint Domingo de Guzman. In the book at her feet,
the Text reads: "Rosa Cordis Mei Tu Mihi Sponsa Esto Ancilla Tua Sum Domine".
"The Rose of my heart, be thou my bride, your servant, I, O Lord."
Español: Óleo sobre lienzo, Claudio Coello (1642-1693):
Santa Rosa de Lima (1684-1685).
Museo del Prado, Madrid.
Artist: Claudio Coello (1642–1693).
Current location: Prado Museum, Madrid, Spain.
This File: 26 March 2006.
User: Seges.
(Wikimedia Commons)

One hundred years after the discovery of The New World, was born at Lima, the Capital of Peru, the Virgin, Rose, the First Flower of Sanctity which bloomed in South America. The name was given to her because, one day, the face of the child appeared transfigured and with all the beauty of a Rose. She added to it the name of The Blessed Virgin Mary, wishing, thenceforth, to be called "Rose of Saint Mary".

Watered by The Divine Dew of Grace, she produced beautiful blooms of Virginity and Patience (Collect). When five years old, she made her Vow of Perpetual Virginity, taking Jesus for her Spouse (Epistle). Later, to avoid being obliged to marry, she cut off her beautiful hair.

Having received the Habit of a Tertiary of The Order of Saint Dominic, she gave herself up to Prayer and austere mortification. When she was thirty, on 29 August 1617, her Divine Spouse came to take her (Gospel, Communion), and, adorned with her radiant beauty, she entered triumphant into The Court of The Heavenly King (Gradual, Alleluia).

Mass: Dilexisti.
Commemoration: Saint Felix and Saint Adauctus. Martyrs.

Saint Rose of Lima,
before The Madonna.
Artist: José Claudio Antolinez (1635–1675).
Date: Late-17th-Century.
Current location: Museum of Fine Arts,
Budapest, Hungary.
Source/Photographer: Web Gallery of Art:
(Wikimedia Commons)

The following Text is from Wikipedia - the free encyclopaedia.

Saint Rose of Lima (1586 – 1617), T.O.S.D. [The Third Order of Saint Dominic (known as Lay Fraternities of Saint Dominic, or, Lay Dominicans, since 1972) is a Roman Catholic Third Order, affiliated with The Dominican Order] was a Spanish colonist in Lima, Peru, who became known for both her life of severe asceticism and her care of the needy of the City, through her own private efforts. A Lay Member of The Dominican Order, she was the first person, born in The Americas, to be Canonised by The Catholic Church.

As a Saint, Rose of Lima is designated as a Co-Patroness of The Philippines, along with Saint Pudentiana, who were both moved as Second-Class Patronage, in September 1942, by Pope Pius XII, but remains the Primary Patroness of Peru and the indigenous natives of Latin America.

Saint Rose of Lima Church,
Brooklyn, United States of America.
Photo: 28 March 2013.
Source: Own work.
Author: Jim.henderson.
(Wikimedia Commons)

She was born Isabel Flores y de Oliva, in the City of Lima, then in the Vice-Royalty of Peru, on 20 April 1586. She was one of the many children of Gaspar Flores, a Harquebusier (Cavalryman) in the Imperial Spanish Army, born in San Germán on the island of San Juan Bautista (now Puerto Rico), and his wife, María de Oliva, a native of Lima. Her later nickname, "Rose", comes from an incident in her babyhood: A servant claimed to have seen her face transform into a rose. In 1597, she was Confirmed by the Archbishop of Lima, Turibius de Mongrovejo, who was also to be declared a Saint. She formally took the name of "Rose", at that time.

As a young girl — in emulation of the noted Dominican Tertiary, Saint Catherine of Siena — she began to Fast three times a week and performed severe penances, in secret. When she was admired for her beauty, Rose cut off her hair and smeared pepper on her face, upset that suitors were beginning to take notice of her. She rejected all suitors, against the objections of her friends and her family. Despite the censure of her parents, she spent many hours contemplating The Blessed Sacrament, which she received daily, an extremely rare practice at that time. She was determined to take a Vow of Virginity, which was opposed by her parents, who wished her to marry.

English: Basilica of Saint Rose of Lima, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Español: Basílica Santa Rosa de Lima, en Avenida Belgrano,
barrio de Balvanera, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Photo: 12 April 2015.
Source: Own work.
Author: Roberto Fiadone.
(Wikimedia Commons)

After daily Fasting, she took to permanently abstaining from eating meat. She helped the sick and hungry around her community, bringing them to her room and taking care of them. Rose sold her fine needlework, and took flowers that she grew to market, to help her family. She made and sold lace and embroidery to care for the poor, and she Prayed and did Penance in a little Grotto, which she had built. Otherwise, she became a Recluse, leaving her room only for her visits to Church.

She attracted the attention of The Friars of The Dominican Order. She wanted to become a Nun, but her father forbade it, so she instead entered The Third Order of Saint Dominic, while living in her parents' home. In her twentieth year, she donned the Habit of a Tertiary and took a Vow of Perpetual Virginity. She donned a heavy Crown, made of Silver, with small spikes on the inside, in emulation of The Crown of Thorns worn by Christ.

For eleven years, she lived this way, with intervals of ecstasy, and died on 24 August 1617, at the age of thirty-one. It is said that she prophesied the date of her death. Her funeral was held in the Cathedral, attended by all the public authorities of Lima, and with a eulogy by the Archbishop.

Saint Rose of Lima Church,
Newark, New Jersey,
United States of America.
Photo: 30 May 2009.
Source: Own work.
Author: Jim.henderson.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Rose was Beatified by Pope Clement IX, on 10 May 1667, and Canonised, on 12 April 1671, by Pope Clement X, the first Catholic in the Americas to be declared a Saint. Her Shrine, alongside those of her friends, Saint Martin de Porres and Saint John Macías, is located inside the Convent of Saint Dominic, in Lima, Peru. The Roman Catholic Church says that many Miracles followed her death; there were stories that she had cured a leper. Many places in the New World are named Santa Rosa, after her. Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI is especially devoted to her.

"The Life of Santa Rosa" was written by many, including: The Dominican, Father Hansen, "Vita Sanctae Rosae" (2 vols., Rome, 1664–1668), and Vicente Orsini, afterward. Pope Benedict XIII, wrote "Concentus Dominicano, Bononiensis ecclesia, in album Sanctorum Ludovici Bertrandi et Rosae de Sancta Maria, ordinero praedicatorum" (Venice, 1674).

English: Saint Rose of Lima Church,
Sittard, Netherlands.
Nederlands: Rosakapel te Sittard (Limburg).
Photo: 7 August 2007.
Source: Own work.
Author: Gouwenaar.
(Wikimedia Commons)

In the Caribbean twin-island State of Trinidad and Tobago, the Santa Rosa Carib Community, located in Arima, is the largest organisation of indigenous peoples on the island. The second oldest Parish in the Diocese of Port-of-Spain is also named after this Saint. The Santa Rosa Church, which is located in the town of Arima, was established on 20 April 1786, as the Indian Mission of Santa Rosa de Arima, on the Foundations of a Capuchin Mission, previously established in 1749.

Saint Rose is the Patroness of The Americas, indigenous people of The Americas, especially of Lima, Peru; the Secondary Patroness of The Philippines, along with Saint Pudentiana; of gardeners; of florists; of Sittard, the Netherlands; of India. Maywood, California is known as the largest Parish dedicated to Santa Rosa. On the last weekend in August, the Fiesta de Santa Rosa is celebrated in Dixon, New Mexico.



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