Monday, 14 November 2016

The Church Of Saint Maclou, Rouen, France. One Of The Finest Examples Of The Flamboyant Style Of Gothic Architecture.



English: The Church of Saint Maclou, Rouen, France, after renovation.
Français: Eglise Saint Maclou après rénovation.
Photo: 9 March 2014.
Source: Own work.
(Wikimedia Commons)

The Church of Saint Maclou is a Roman Catholic Church in Rouen, France, which is considered one of the best examples of The Flamboyant Style of Gothic Architecture in France. Saint Maclou, along with Rouen Cathedral, The Palais de Justice (also Flamboyant), and The Church of Saint Ouen, form a famous ensemble of significant Gothic buildings in Rouen.

Construction on Saint Maclou began sometime after 1435; it was to replace an existing Romanesque Parish Church that had suffered from several years of neglect, resulting in a collapsed Transept Roof. In its place, Master Mason Pierre Robin created a Basilica-Style Church with four radiating Chapels around an Octagonal Choir.


English: The Church of Saint Maclou, Rouen, France.
Français: Photo prise de la flèche de la Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Rouen.
Photo: 11 June 2010.
Source: Own work.
Author: Alphaclem.
(Wikimedia Commons)

The decoration of the Church is macabre, beckoning back to the Church's grim past rooted in The Black Death pandemic. The Transept is non-projecting, complete with Piers that support the above Lantern Tower. The Choir is rather large in size for the structure, and has two Bays and four radiating Chapels that branch off from The Ambulatory.

Overall, The Plan places its emphasis on the Transept, which is midway between the Choir and the Nave. Saint Maclou has the classic three-storey elevation of an Arcade, Triforium, and Clerestory. The famous Western Facade is Tower-less, with five Gabled Porches with Flying Buttresses above the Aisles that are attached to the Western Wall featuring a Rose Window.


English: The Church of Saint Maclou (before renovation), Rouen, France.
Français: Rouen, Seine-Maritime, Normandie, France. Église Saint-Maclou.
Photo: 4 September 2008.
Source: Own work.
Author: Tango7174.
(Wikimedia Commons)

The Church of Saint Maclou was built during the transition from the Late-Gothic period (15th-Century and 16th-Century) to the Renaissance in the 16th-Century. The space above a Portal within the Arch is referred to as the Tympanum. Typically, the Tympanum is filled with sculpture of a scene alluding to Heaven and Hell. The Tympanum of the main entrance of the Church of Saint Maclou displays Christ standing with His hands held out to people surrounding Him, those to His Right heading for Heaven and those to His Left heading for the fiery pits of Hell.

The Architectural Plan of the Church of Saint Maclou includes radiating Chapels. Saint Maclou, like most Gothic Churches, had many exterior Stone statues; however, they suffered much by The French Wars of Religion, weather conditions, and pollution. Most inside statues disappeared during The French revolution.


The Church Of Saint Maclou,
Rouen, France.
Available on YouTube at

Nevertheless, the Chapels inside had kept their wooden furniture and decorations made in the 18th-Century, but most of them were destroyed during the Allied bombings in 1944. The Church was partly damaged by the falling of two bombs. Concerning the Renaissance outside doors, with their carvings and the Renaissance Organ, they escaped destruction both during The French Revolution and The Second World War.

The Patrons of Saint Maclou were of the wealthy Merchant class that had experienced an immense social and economic growth during the 14th- and 15th-Centuries. The family most closely associated with the rebuilding of the Church was the Dufour family. The Patrons were responsible for the selection of the Master Mason, Pierre Robin, as well as for part of the overall style of the Church. The Dufours and others are cited as being the impetus behind the similarities between Saint Maclou and Rouen Cathedral.

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