The Chrysler Building
Digital depiction of The Chrysler Building.
Found on ART DECO ARCHITECTURE
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The Chrysler Building is an Art Deco Skyscraper, located on The East Side of Midtown Manhattan, in New York City, at the intersection of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue, in the Turtle Bay neighborhood.
At 1,046 feet (319 m), the structure was the World's tallest building for eleven months, before it was surpassed by The Empire State Building in 1931. It is still the tallest brick building in the World, albeit with an internal steel skeleton. After the destruction of The World Trade Center, it was again the second-tallest building in New York City, until December 2007, when the Spire was raised on the 1,200-foot (365.8 m) Bank of America Tower, pushing The Chrysler Building into third position. In addition, The New York Times Building, which opened in 2007, is exactly level with The Chrysler Building in height. Both buildings were pushed into fourth position, when the under-construction One World Trade Center surpassed their height.
The Chrysler Building.
Photo: 19 January 1932.
Source: Gottscho-Schleisner Collection,
Library of Congress, Reproduction Number: LC-DIG-ppmsca-05841.
This image is available from the United States Library of Congress's.
Prints and Photographs division under the digital ID ppmsca.05841.
Author: Samuel Gottscho (1875–1971).
The Chrysler Building is a classic example of Art Deco architecture and considered by many contemporary architects to be one of the finest buildings in New York City. In 2007, it was ranked ninth on The List of America's Favorite Architecture by The American Institute of Architects. It was the headquarters of The Chrysler Corporation from 1930 until the Mid-1950s.
English: The top floors of The Chrysler Building,
Deutsch: New Yorker Chrysler Building, oberer
Gebäudeteil, vom östlichen Teil der 42. Straße aus gesehen.
Photo: March 2005.
Source: Photograph by User:Leena Hietanen
(In real life: fi:Leena Hietanen)
(Uploaded with permission.)
The Chrysler Building was designed by architect William Van Alen for a project of Walter P. Chrysler. When the ground-breaking occurred on 19 September 1928, there was an intense competition in New York City to build the World's tallest Skyscraper. Despite a frantic pace (the building was built at an average rate of four floors per week), no workers died during the construction of this Skyscraper.
The Chrysler Building,
Photo: 18 August 2006.
Source: Own work.
Van Alen's original design for the Skyscraper called for a decorative jewel-like Glass Crown. It also featured a base, in which the showroom windows were tripled in height and topped by twelve Stories with Glass-Wrapped corners, creating an impression that the Tower appeared physically and visually light, as if floating in mid-air.
The height of the Skyscraper was also originally designed to be 246 meters (807 ft). However, the design proved to be too advanced and costly for building contractor William H. Reynolds, who disapproved of Van Alen's original plan.
The design and lease were sold to Walter P. Chrysler, who worked with Van Alen and re-designed the Skyscraper for additional Stories; it was eventually revised to 282 m (925 ft) tall. As Walter Chrysler was the Chairman of The Chrysler Corporation and intended to make the building into Chrysler's headquarters, various architectural details, and especially the building's Gargoyles, were modelled after Chrysler automobile products, like the Hood Ornaments of the Plymouth; they exemplify the machine age in the 1920s.