Tuesday, 7 March 2017

Tuesday Of The First Week In Lent. Lenten Station At The Basilica Of Saint Anastasia.



Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless stated otherwise.

Tuesday Of The First Week In Lent.

   Station at Saint Anastasia's.

Indulgence of 10 Years and 10 Quarantines.

Violet Vestments.


Photo: April 2011.
Source: Own work.
Author: Karelj
(Wikimedia Commons)

The Station is at the old Church, which, in the 4th-Century A.D., was the only Parish in the Centre of Rome and in its wealthy Quarter. Built at the foot of The Palatine Hill, this Church, which owes its name to The Chapel of The Resurrection (Anastasis) at Jerusalem, was also Consecrated to Saint Anastasia.

Saint Anastasia was put to death, under Emperor Diocletian, at Sirmium, in Illyria (now Mitrowitz). Tradition seems to say that this "Title", mentioned in a Synod in 499 A.D., recalls the house of this Holy Martyr in Rome (?). It is more than likely, however, that it concerns but a simple identity of name between the Roman Foundress of this Basilica and the Titular Saint.

Lent is the time when "God is near to us and eager to forgive us, if we put aside our evil thoughts and forsake the way of sin" (Epistle). To do so, we must cast sin out from our hearts, as Jesus cast out the sellers from the Temple (Gospel), and receive the teaching of Christ with the simplicity of Children of God. Then, He will be able to cure our Souls, as He healed the lame and the blind who came nigh unto Him.

Casting out the vainglorious wisdom of the World, let us profit by The Holy Season of Lent, so that, "chastening our bodies by mortification, our Souls may be filled with Holy Desires" (Collect).

Mass: Dómine, refúgium.


The Basilica of Saint Anastasia, Rome.
Photo: June 2007.
Source: Own work.
Author: Lalupa
(Wikimedia Commons)

The following Text is from Wikipedia - the free encyclopaedia.

The Church of Santa Anastasia is a Minor Basilica Church in Rome.

Santa Anastasia Church was built in the Late-3rd-Century A.D. - Early-4th-Century A.D., possibly by a Roman woman named Anastasia. The Church is Listed under the Titulus "Anastasiae" in The Acts of The 499 A.D. Synod. Later, the Church was entitled to The Martyr with the same name, Anastasia of Sirmium.

The Church was restored several times: Pope Damasus I (366 A.D. - 383 A.D.); and Pope Hilarius (461 A.D. - 468 A.D.); Pope John VII (705 A.D. - 707 A.D.); Pope Leo III (795 A.D. - 816 A.D.); Pope Gregory IV (827 A.D. - 844 A.D.). The current Church dates back to the 17th-Century Restoration commissioned by Pope Urban VII.

Traditionally, the Church is connected to the cult of Saint Jerome, who possibly Celebrated Mass here. The Saint is depicted over the Altar, by Domenichino.


Ceiling of The Basilica Sant'Anastasia, Rome.
Photo: July 2009.
Source: Own work.
Author: User:Mattes
(Wikimedia Commons)

The current Cardinal Priest of the Titulus S. Anastasiae is Godfried Danneels. Past holders have included John Morton, an Archbishop of Canterbury.

Art and Architecture.

The last Restoration, after the Restoration during the Papacy of Pope Sixtus IV, occurred in 1636, when the facade, with, Lower, Doric, and, Upper, Ionic, order, was reconstructed in 1636, after the cyclone of 1634. The Nave recycles antique Columns. The Ceiling is frescoed with a Martyrdom of The Saints (1722) by Michelangelo Cerruti.


English: Madonna and Child in the Basilica di Sant'Anastasia al Palatino, Rome, Italy.
Česky: Socha v Bazilice sv. Anastázie na Palatinu, Řím, Itálie.
Photo: April 2011.
Source: Own work.
Author: Karelj
(Wikimedia Commons)

The Chapel, to the Right, has a painting of Saint John the Baptist by Pier Francesco Mola. While the last Chapel on the Right has a fresco of Scenes of the Life of Saints Carlo Borromeo and Filippo Neri by Lazzaro Baldi

The Right Transept has a painting of S. Toribio (1726) by Francesco Trevisani. The High Altar has a Nativity, by Lazzaro Baldi, and, below the Altar, is a statue of Saint Anastasia, by Ercole Ferrata. It clearly shows the influence of Bernini's Beata Ludovica Albertoni. The Left Transept has a Madonna of The Rosary, by Baldi. The last Chapel, to the Left, by Domenichino, depicts Saint Jerome. The other Chapel has Ss.Giorgio e Publio, by Etienne Parrocel.

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