Cloisters of Saint John Lateran, Rome. Source:

Sunday, 16 July 2017

Scotland. The Highland Regiments. The Black Watch. "Am Freiceadan Dubh" "Nemo Me Impune Lacessit". "No-One Provokes Me With Impunity".

Text is from Wikipedia - the free encyclopaedia,
unless otherwise stated.

The Scottish Highlands.
Illustration: HOW TO SPEND IT

"Melodies from Scotland".
The Ayoub Sisters.
Available on YouTube at

"The Scottish Clearances".
Illustration: PINTEREST

A Regimental Drummer.
The Seaforth Highlanders.
British Army.
Illustration: PINTEREST

Colour-Sergeant Gardner,
42nd Highlanders,
The Black Watch.
Illustration: PINTEREST

Piper David Muir, George Glen, Donald McKenzie and Colour-Sergeant William Gardner,
42nd Royal Highlanders (forebears of The Black Watch),
Aldershot Garrison, England.
Photo: 1854-1856.
Source: This is photograph Q 71646 from the collections of The Imperial War Museums.
Author: Cundall, Joseph and Howlett, Robert.
(Wikimedia Commons)

The Black Watch.
"Nemo Me Impune Lacessit".
"No-One Provokes Me With Impunity".
Badge and Tartan.
Original page was as follows:
Uploaded by GraemeLeggett on 15 May 2007.

The Black Watch
Pipe and Drums.
Available on YouTube at

The Black Watch, 3rd Battalion, Royal Regiment of Scotland (3 SCOTS) is an Infantry Battalion of The Royal Regiment of Scotland.

Prior to 28 March 2006, The Black Watch was an Infantry Regiment – The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) from 1931 to 2006, and The Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) from 1881 to 1931. Part of The Scottish Division, it was The Senior Regiment of Highlanders.

The source of The Regiment's name is uncertain. In 1725, following The Jacobite Rebellion of 1715, General George Wade was authorised by King George II to form six "Watch" Companies to patrol The Highlands of Scotland, three from Clan Campbell, one from Clan Fraser, one from Clan Munro and one from Clan Grant.

The Royal Highland Regiment (The Black Watch),
at Fontenoy, 1745.
Signed and dated ' W. Skeoch Cumming/1894'.
Date: 1894.
Author: William Skeoch Cumming (1864-1929).
(Wikimedia Commons)

These were to be "employed in disarming The Highlanders, preventing depredations, bringing criminals to justice, and hindering rebels and attainted persons from inhabiting that part of The Kingdom." The force was known in Gaelic as Am Freiceadan Dubh, "The Dark", or "Black, Watch".

The first Battle in which The Black Watch took part was The Battle of Fontenoy, in 1745, where The Regiment distinguished themselves with great bravery.

The Regiment was numbered The 43rd Regiment of Foot, in 1747, changing to The 42nd Regiment of Foot, in 1749. In 1751, The Regiment was titled "42nd (Highland) Regiment" and, in 1758, was permitted the honour to add "Royal" to its title. However, it continued to be known colloquially as "The Black Watch".

Jimmy Doig, Piper of The Angus Black Watch Association,
plays The Pipes at The Old and Saint Andrew's Church,
Montrose, Scotland, on 14 September 2008.
Photo: Frank G. Proctor, Glengate.

In 1881, when The 42nd Regiment of Foot amalgamated with The 73rd Regiment of Foot, the new Regiment was named "The Black Watch (Royal Highlanders)". The Regiment adopted The Royal Motto of Scotland's Stewart Monarchs, Nemo me impune lacessit ("No-one provokes me with impunity").

The Black Watch was formed as part of The Childers Reforms, in 1881, when The 42nd (Royal Highland) Regiment of Foot (The Black Watch) was amalgamated with The 73rd (Perthshire) Regiment of Foot, to form two Battalions of the newly-named Black Watch (Royal Highlanders). The 42nd Regiment of Foot became the 1st Battalion Black Watch (Royal Highlanders), and the 73rd (Perthshire) Regiment of Foot became the 2nd Battalion Black Watch (Royal Highlanders).

The Black Watch
Homecoming Parade,
Dundee, Scotland.
20 April 2012.
Available on YouTube at

Recipients of The Victoria Cross.

All of The Black Watch Servicemen, listed below, were awarded The Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious Award for Gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth Forces.

Francis Edward Henry Farquharson, Indian Mutiny Lucknow, 9 March 1858.
John Simpson, Indian Mutiny Fort Ruhya, 15 April 1858.
Alexander Thompson, Indian Mutiny Fort Ruhya, 15 April 1858.
James Davis, Indian Mutiny Fort Ruhya, 15 April 1858.
Edward Spence, Indian Mutiny Fort Ruhya, 15 April 1858.
William Gardner, Indian Mutiny Bareilly, 5 May 1858.
Walter Cook, Indian Mutiny Sissaya Ghat, 15 January 1859.
Duncan Millar, Indian Mutiny Sissaya Ghat, 15 January 1859.
Samuel McGaw, Ashanti War Amoaful, 31 January 1874.
Thomas Edwards, Egyptian Campaigns Tamaai, 13 March 1884.
John Ripley, First World War Rue du Bois, 9 May 1915.
David Finlay, First World War Rue du Bois, 9 May 1915.
Charles Melvin, First World War Istabulat, 21 April 1917.
Lewis Pugh Evans, First World War Zonnebeke, 4 October 1917.

An 11-foot high bronze statue of a Black Watch Soldier, by William Birnie Rhind,
commemorates over 200 Members of The Black Watch Regiment who were killed or wounded
in The South African War of 1900-1902.
The Black Watch, the oldest Highland Regiment, was formed by General Wade in 1739
to police the Highlands at a time when many of the Clans harboured pro-Jacobite sympathies.
Their name derived from the contrast of their Dark Green Tartan against
the Regular Red Tunics of The British Army.
The unveiling ceremony for the Memorial, planned for 25th May, 1910, was cancelled
because the Nation was still in Official Mourning after the death of King Edward VII.
Date: 9 September 2011.
Source: Own work.
Author: Kim Traynor.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Notable Members.

Robert Munro, the original Black Watch Commander, Colonel Sir Robert Munro.
Lachlan Macquarie, Governor of New South Wales, Australia, from 1810 to 1821. An inscription on his tomb in Scotland describes him as "The Father of Australia".
Bernard Fergusson, Baron Ballantrae, the last British-born Governor-General of New Zealand.
Alfred Anderson, Scotland's last surviving World War I veteran (died 2005).
James Anton, Late-Quartermaster-Sergeant of 42nd Royal Highlander and author.
Jim Baxter, Scottish footballer.

Jim Baxter. 
Scottish footballer.
A former Soldier in The Black Watch.
Illustration: DAILY RECORD

Fergus Bowes-Lyon, older brother of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother.
Duncan Campbell, Scots nobleman and British Army Officer.
Harold Davis, Scottish former professional football player.
Henry Davie, Liberal Member of Parliament for Haddington.
Adam Ferguson, Scottish philosopher, social scientist and historian.
Stewart Granger, actor.
J. B. S. Haldane, British-born geneticist and evolutionary biologist.
Christopher Logue, English poet.
Fulton Mackay, Scottish actor.

Fulton Mackay. Played Prison Officer Mackay
in the TV Programme, "Porridge", to great acclaim.
A former Soldier in The Black Watch.
Illustration: AVELEYMAN.COM

Gillean Robert Maclaine, the 25th hereditary Chief of Clan Maclaine of Lochbuie.
Major Ian Stanhope Murray.
Eric Newby, English travel author.
Simon Ramsay, Conservative politician and Colonial Governor.
Neil Ritchie, British Army Officer during The Second World War.
William Rose, screenwriter.

Portrait of The Viceroy of India, 
Field-Marshal Sir Archibald Wavell.
A former Member of The Black Watch.
Source: IWMCollections IWM Photo No.: TR 841.
Post-Work: User:W.wolny.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Frederick Guthrie Tait, Scottish soldier and amateur golfer.
Rory Stewart, Scottish diplomat, Harvard Professor and Conservative MP.
Arthur Wauchope, British soldier and colonial administrator.
Archibald Wavell, British Field-Marshal during The Second World War.

The Black Watch Pipe and Drums.
Available on YouTube at

The following Text and Illustration is taken from THE BLACK WATCH


The Black Watch Chaplain 
at the Battle of Fontenoy, 1745. 
The Kirk of The Black Watch 
was set up in 1954, while The Scottish Regiment was based in Kenya 
during the Mau Mau Emergency. 
It is a Mobile Parish, which travels with 
The Regiment, wherever it goes in the World.

The Kirk (Church).

The Black Watch has had an ancient tradition of loyalty to The Church. It's first Chaplain, Dr Adam Ferguson, accompanied it in every Battle and led it in Worship, daily, both in Peace and War. However, it was not until 1952 that this was formalised.

The 1952 General Assembly of The Church of Scotland authorised the formation of Kirk Sessions in Scottish units of Her Majesty's Forces. However, because of The First Battalion's Active Service in Korea and Kenya, it was not until 17 January 1954 that the first "Elders" in The Kirk Session were ordained in Saint Andrew's Church, Nairobi, Kenya. The Reverend Tom Nicol was the first Moderator. From that year, successive Moderators and Elders have carried on their work in every place where The First Battalion has Served.

Successive Chaplains (to The Battalion), who were at the same time Moderators of the Sessi, have commented on the value of the Session in supporting and encouraging them in their work. This
active nucleus of a Church in The Battalion is enhanced by the special Black Watch flavour of the Church building, whether it is a Church, a converted Barrack Room, a hut or a tent. Rather like The Ark of the Covenant, everywhere the Battalion has moved, a unique and distinctive Kirk of The Black Watch has been established.

Each year in January, the origins are commemorated on Kirk Session Sunday, conveniently close on the calendar to The Sergeants' Mess Burns Night. In addition, there have been more formal celebrations at the 25th and 50th Anniversaries, both in Saint John's Kirk in Perth. The Kirk Session is part of the Presbytery of Perth. While the Session has never been within the Bounds of the Presbytery, it is entitled to send a representative Elder to the Presbytery.

This Tradition has continued with the formation of The Black Watch, 3rd Battalion The Royal Regiment of Scotland.

Many Regiments have their own Prayer, called a "Collect". The Collect of The Black Watch is said during Services involving The Black Watch Regimental family.

The Regimental Collect.

O God, whose strength setteth fast the Mountains,
Lord of The Hills, to whom we lift our eyes:
grant us Grace that we, of The Black Watch,
once chosen to Watch the Mountains of an Earthly
Kingdom, may stand fast in The Faith and be strong,
until we come to the Heavenly Kingdom of Him,
Who has bidden us Watch and Pray.
Thy Son, our Saviour and Lord.


The Seaforth Highlanders.
Sentry in "Review Order" and Officer in "Drill Order".
By H.Payne.
Illustration: PINTEREST

"The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)".
90th Regiment of Foot,
(Wikimedia Commons)

Recruiting Poster for The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders.
Date: 1914.
Source: This is photograph Art.IWM PST 12148 from the collections of The Imperial War Museums.
Author: Curr, Thomas (artist); McLagan and Cumming, Edinburgh (printer);
Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (publisher/sponsor)
(Wikimedia Commons

The Gordon Highlanders.
"Dipping The Flag".

The Seaforth Highlanders.
Recruiting Poster on display in The Scottish National War Museum, Edinburgh Castle.
Date: 23 December 2011.
Source; Own work.
Author: Kim Traynor.
(Wikimedia Commons)

The Highland Light Infantry.
Grave of Corporal Primrose,The Highland Light Infantry, Gaza War Cemetery.
Date: 19 November 2009.
Source: Own work.
Author: Riyaah.
(Wikimedia Commons)

An early photo, taken at Scutari, of Officers and Men 
of The 93rd Highland Regiment (Sutherland Highlanders) 
shortly before their engagement in The Crimean War, 1854.
Date: 13 May 2007 (original upload date).
Source: Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons 
Author: The original uploader was EHayter at English Wikipedia
(Wikimedia Commons)



"Nemo Me Impune Lacessit".
"No-One Provokes Me With Impunity"

"Melodies from Scotland".
The Ayoub Sisters.
Available on YouTube at

To Be Continued.

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