Monday, 25 July 2016

NASA's Juno Spacecraft Approaches The Planet Jupiter. The Orbiting Jovian Moons Are: Io; Europa; Ganymede; Callisto.

This full-disc image of Jupiter was taken on
21 April 2014 with Hubble's Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3).
Author: NASA, ESA, and A. Simon (Goddard Space Flight Center).
(Wikimedia Commons)

Juno's approach to the planet Jupiter.
Available on YouTube at
Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/SwRI,

The following Text is from SKY AT NIGHT MAGAZINE

NASA’s Juno Spacecraft is currently in orbit around Jupiter, following its five-year journey from Earth to study the Planet. But what is the Mission’s purpose, and what exactly will it be studying ?

Juno has travelled about 3 billion kilometres to get to Jupiter, launching in August 2011, performing an Earth fly-by in October 2013 and arriving at the Planet on 4 July 2016.

The Spacecraft will now begin orbiting The Gas Giant on a path that will take it over the Planet’s Poles. It will take fourteen days to complete each orbit and will do so thirty-seven times over the course of the Mission, flying low over Jupiter’s Cloud Tops as close as 4,100 km from the surface.

Juno is the first Solar-Powered Spacecraft designed to operate so far from the Sun. Because Jupiter’s orbit is five times farther from the Sun than Earth’s, the Planet receives twenty-five per cent less sunlight, but Juno has been equipped to face this challenge with three solar panels that extend outward to give the Spacecraft an overall span of sixty-six feet.

Ultimately, the Mission will seek to collect data to improve our understanding of how both Jupiter and The Solar System were formed and how they evolved.

Jupiter is an important Planet for Astronomers and Cosmologists because of its relatively massive size, as learning more about Giant Planets can help us understand the Exoplanets and Planetary Systems currently being discovered beyond our own.

Juno will attempt to determine how much water is in Jupiter’s atmosphere, which will tell NASA scientists a lot about how the Planet formed, and it will also measure the temperatures, cloud motions and composition of its atmosphere. It will spend time analysing Jupiter’s magnetic and gravity fields and exploring its magnetosphere, which will reveal information that will help scientists determine the Planet’s interior structure.

This Article can be read in full at SKY AT NIGHT MAGAZINE

Saint James. Apostle. Feast Day 25 July.

Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless otherwise stated.

Saint James The Greater.
Feast Day 25 July.

Double of The Second-Class.

Red Vestments.

Saint James the Greater.
He is depicted clothed as a Pilgrim;
note the Scallop Shell 
on his shoulder,
and his Staff and Pilgrim's Hat, beside him.
Artist: Rembrandt (1606–1669).
Date: 1661.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Saint James, brother of Saint John, and son of Zebedee, was a native of Bethsaida, in Galilee. He is surnamed "the Greater", i.e., the Elder.

One day, his mother, approaching The Saviour, asked of Him "the favour for her two sons to be seated, one at His right-hand and the other at His left-hand, in His Kingdom" (Gospel). Christ then foretold their Martyrdom. Saint James "shall sit on a Throne to judge the Twelve Tribes of Israel" (Communion), but he will first have to mix his blood with that of Jesus (Gospel) and undergo, like all the Apostles, a life of suffering and persecution, such as the Epistle describes.

After the Ascension of Jesus Christ to Heaven, says The Office of today, James preached His Divinity in Judea and Samaria. He soon betook himself to Spain. When he returned to Jerusalem, Herod Agrippa, desiring to please the Jews, condemned him to death and he was beheaded towards the year 42 A.D., a short time before The Feast of Easter.

It would seem that, for fear of the Arabs, who were masters of Jerusalem, the body of the Saint was later carried to Compostella, in Spain, where he is greatly honoured. 25 July recalls the date of this Translation.

His name is inscribed in The Canon of The Mass, with that of Saint John, his brother (First List).

Every Parish Priest celebrates Mass for the people of his Parish.

In Low Masses, Commemoration of Saint Christopher, by The Collects of The Mass: In virtúte.

Sunday, 24 July 2016

Salisbury Cathedral.

The Nave of Salisbury Cathedral
(The Cathedral Church of The Blessed Virgin Mary),
Salisbury, England.
Illustration: PINTEREST

"Salve Regina"
(Hail, Holy Queen).
Available on YouTube at

The following Text is from Wikipedia - the free encyclopaedia.

Salisbury Cathedral (The Cathedral Church of The Blessed Virgin Mary, is an Anglican Cathedral in Salisbury, England, and one of the leading examples of Early English architecture. The main body of the Cathedral was completed in only thirty-eight years, from 1220 to 1258.

The Cathedral has the tallest Church Spire in The United Kingdom (123 m/404 ft). Visitors can take the "Tower Tour" where the interior of the hollow Spire, with its ancient wood scaffolding, can be viewed. The Cathedral also has the largest Cloister and the largest Cathedral Close in Britain (eighty acres (32 ha)).

The Cathedral contains the World's oldest working clock (from 1386) and has the best surviving of the four original Copies of Magna Carta (all four original Copies are in England). In 2008, the Cathedral celebrated the 750th Anniversary of its Consecration.

The Cathedral is The Mother Church of The Diocese of Salisbury and is The Seat of The Bishop of Salisbury, currently The Right Reverend Nick Holtam.

Salisbury Cathedral
(The Cathedral Church of The Blessed Virgin Mary),
Salisbury, England.
Photo: 13 April 2016.
Author: Antony McCallum.
(Wikimedia Commons)

1964 Ford Thunderbird. The T-Bird.

1964 Ford Thunderbird Roadster
Downtown Orange, California,
United States of America.
Photo: 18 April 2010.
(CC Image Courtesy of Rex Gray on Flickr).

"Fun, Fun, Fun,
until her Daddy takes the T-Bird away . . ."
The Beach Boys.
Available on YouTube at

Well she got her daddy's car
And she cruised through the hamburger stand now
Seems she forgot all about the library
Like she told her old man now
And with the radio blasting
Goes cruising just as fast as she can now

And she'll have fun fun fun
'Til her daddy takes the t-bird away
(Fun fun fun 'til her daddy takes the t-bird away)

Well the girls can't stand her
Cause she walks looks and drives like an ace now
(You walk like an ace now you walk like an ace)
She makes the Indy 500 look like a Roman chariot race now
(You look like an ace now you look like an ace)
A lotta guys try to catch her
But she leads them on a wild goose chase now
(You drive like an ace now you drive like an ace)

And she'll have fun fun fun
Til her daddy takes the t-bird away
(Fun fun fun 'til her daddy takes the t-bird away)
Well you knew all along
That your dad was gettin' wise to you now
(You shouldn't have lied now you shouldn't have lied)
And since he took your set of keys
You've been thinking that your fun is all through now
(You shouldn't have lied now you shouldn't have lied)

But you can come along with me
Cause we gotta a lot of things to do now
(You shouldn't have lied now you shouldn't have lied)

And we'll have fun fun fun now that daddy took the t-bird away
(Fun fun fun now that daddy took the t-bird away)
And we'll have fun fun fun now that daddy took the t-bird away
(Fun fun fun now that daddy took the t-bird away)
(Fun fun now that daddy took the t-bird away)
(Fun fun now that daddy took the t-bird away)
(Fun fun now that daddy took the t-bird away)
(Fun fun now that daddy took the t-bird away)
(Fun fun now that daddy took the t-bird away)
(Fun fun now that daddy took the t-bird away)

"Fun, Fun, Fun".
The Beach Boys.
Available on YouTube at

Saturday, 23 July 2016

In Paradisum. "May The Angels Lead You Into Paradise".

Saint Benedict Ornate Wall Crucifix.

In paradisum deducant te angeli: in tuo adventu suscipiant te martyres, et perducant te in civitatem sanctam Ierusalem. Chorus angelorum te suscipiat, et cum Lazaro, quondam paupere, aeternam habeas requiem.

May The Angels lead you into Paradise:
May The Martyrs receive you at your coming,
And lead you into The Holy City, Jerusalem.
May The Choir of Angels receive you,
and, with Lazarus, who once was poor,
May you have Everlasting Rest.

"In Paradisum".
Gabriel Fauré.
Available on YouTube at

Traditional Latin Requiem Mass.
Illustration: LMS CHAIRMAN

The following Text is from Wikipedia - the free encyclopaedia.

In Paradisum (English: "Into Paradise") is an Antiphon from The Traditional Latin Liturgy of The Western Church's Requiem Mass.

It is sung by The Choir as the body is being taken out of the Church. The Text of the In Paradisum, with or without The Gregorian Melody, is sometimes included in musical settings of The Requiem Mass, such as those by Gabriel Fauré and Maurice Duruflé.

English: The Antiphon "In Paradisum".
Deutsch: Antiphon zur Begräbnisfeier In paradisum deducant te angeli -
Zum Paradies mögen Engel dich geleiten.
Date: Mediaeval.
Author: Unknown.
(Wikimedia Commons)

A Wonderful Consolation At The Death Of A Loved One.

Charterhouse School Memorial Chapel.

The Memorial Chapel,
Charterhouse School,
Godalming, Surrey, England.
Photo: 20 September 2013.
Source: Own work.
Author: Ainslie.
(Wikimedia Commons)

The following Text is from Wikipedia - the free encyclopaedia.

Charterhouse is an English Independent Boarding School in Godalming, Surrey. Founded by Thomas Sutton in 1611 on the site of the old Carthusian Monastery in Charterhouse Square, Smithfield, London, it educates over 800 Pupils, aged thirteen to eighteen years, and is one of the original seven English Public Schools, as defined by The Public Schools Act 1868 (which derived from The Clarendon Commission of 1864). Today, Pupils are still referred to as Carthusians, and Ex-Pupils as Old Carthusians.

Charging Full Boarders up to £36,000 per annum in 2015-2016, Charterhouse is predominantly a Boarding School and is amongst the most expensive Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference (HMC) Schools in The UK. It has educated one British Prime Minister and has a long list of notable alumni.

A Postcard, dated 15 August 1911, displaying the Arms of all The Major Public Schools in England.
From top to bottom (Left to Right): Tonbridge; Charterhouse; Winchester; Bedford; Haileybury;
Uppingham; Saint Pauls (Manchester) Grammar School; Merchant Taylor; Eton; Malvern;
King Edward VI (Birmingham); Repton; Clifton; Harrow; Saint Edwards; Shrewsbury;
Radley; Cheltenham; Malborough; Dulwich; Wellington; Rossall; Rugby.
Photo: 30 July 2014.
Source: Own work.
Author: Disclosure07.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Charterhouse School's Memorial Chapel, designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott and Consecrated in 1927, commemorates all those Carthusians who Died in Action: 700 in World War I and 350 in World War II. The whole School meets here three days each week for a short Service at 8:30 a.m., and on Sundays for Evensong, Matins, or a School Eucharist.

On Sundays, when there is an Evening Service, Catholic Pupils may instead attend Mass in The Founder's Chapel. Parents are welcome at Sunday Services, but tickets are required for Remembrance Sunday and The Carol Service.

Friday Morning Chapel is reserved for Congregational singing practice. Attendance at all Chapel Services is compulsory, except where individual exemptions are granted on Religious Grounds.

Charterhouse School Motto
"Deo Dante Dedi"
(God having given, I give).
This File: 31 March 2013.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Chapel provides a variety of Worship experience: Hymn-Singing; Psalm Chanting; the Choir performs a repertoire of Church Music; Candle-lit Carols; Eucharists in Millennium Chapel; Remembrance Sunday with The Sounding of The Last Post and The Silence.

Each year, there is a Confirmation Service in late-January and Pupils from any year group, except the Fourths (who hadn't been at the School when it was open to sign up), can be prepared for this.

The School retains The Old Chapel used by the School prior to 1927. However, when the School first moved to Godalming, Surrey, even this was not built, and the pupils walked the two miles to Shackleford Church, Surrey.

Pupils ever since have benefitted, because the time taken for the walk ruled out the continuance of Sunday School, which ran from 10 a.m. to 10:30 a.m. on Sundays, which has remained a non-teaching day ever since.

Friday, 22 July 2016

Lancing College Chapel.

The Nave,
Lancing College Chapel,
Sussex, England.
Photo: 15 August 2014.
Source: Own work.
Author: Diliff.
Attribution: "Photo by DAVID ILIFF.
License: CC-BY-SA 3.0".
(Wikimedia Commons)

Lancing College Motto:
"Beati Mundo Corde"
(Blessed are the pure in heart).
This File: 22 October 2013.

The following Text is from Wikipedia - the free encyclopaedia.

Lancing College (formerly College of Saint Mary and Saint Nicolas), Lancing, Sussex, England, is a Co-Educational English Independent School in the British Public School Tradition, Founded in 1848 by Nathaniel Woodard.

Woodard's aim was to provide education "based on sound principle and sound knowledge, firmly grounded in The Christian Faith." Lancing was the first of a family of more than thirty Schools founded by Woodard (others include Hurstpierpoint College, Ardingly College, Bloxham School and Worksop College).

The School is a Member of The Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference. Girls were first admitted in 1970. The School is dominated by a Gothic Revival Chapel, and follows a High Church Anglican Tradition.

Lancing College Chapel,
Lancing, Sussex, England.
Photo: 15 August 2014.
Source: Own work.
Author: Diliff.
Attribution: "Photo by DAVID ILIFF.
License: CC-BY-SA 3.0".
(Wikimedia Commons)

The College of Saint Mary and Saint Nicolas (as it was originally known), in Shoreham-by-Sea, Sussex, was intended for the sons of Upper-Middle-Classes and Professional Men; in time, this became Lancing College, moving to its present site in 1857.

The School's buildings of the 1850s were designed by the architect Richard Cromwell Carpenter, with later buildings by John William Simpson.

Lancing College educates circa 550 Pupils between the ages of thirteen and eighteen; the
Co-Educational ratio is circa sixty:forty Boys to Girls. Roughly sixty percent of Pupils are Boarders, at a cost of £32,910 per year; circa forty percent are Day Pupils, at a cost of £23,130 per year. Occasional overnight stays are available to Day Pupils at an additional cost.

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