Saturday, 3 December 2016

Makes You Think. Doesn't It ?

This Article can be read in full at NASA

The Rings of Saturn, in the foreground,
and Saturn's Moon, Enceladus, in the background.
Illustration: NASA

Friday, 2 December 2016

Saint Bibiana. Virgin And Martyr. Feast Day, Today, 2 December.

Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless stated otherwise.

Saint Bibiana.
Virgin And Martyr.
Feast Day 2 December.


Red Vestments.

Saint Bibiana,
by Gian Lorenzo Bernini.
Santa Bibiana, Rome,
Photo: 30 August 2013.
Source: WikiPaintings
Author: WikiPaintings
(Wikimedia Commons)

Saint Bibiana was born in Rome of a noble Christian family; and, as the Collect tells us, in her the Flower of Virginity  was united with the Palm of Martyrdom.

A wise and prudent Virgin (Gradual), she was less afraid of the loss of all her goods and of her sufferings of imprisonment, than of the loss of that Hidden Treasure or that Pearl of Great Price, of which the Gospel speaks.

When delivered to the caresses and flattery off her jailer, Rufinus, who strove to pervert her, she called upon The Lord, Who saved her from destruction (Epistle).

Rufinus then had recourse to violence, but with no greater success. Seeing which, the enraged Governor of Rome ordered that Bibiana should be tied to a Column, and beaten to death with thongs loaded with lead (363 A.D.) The Basilica of Saint Mary Major was built over her tomb.

Mass: Me exspectavérunt, of The Common of Virgins.

Church of Saint Bibiana,
Rome, Italy.
Illustration: WINE TRIPPING

"Two Things The Devil Is Deadly Afraid Of: Fervent Communions And Frequent Visits To The Blessed Sacrament." Saint John Bosco.

Illustration: PINTEREST

Illustration: PINTEREST

Thursday, 1 December 2016

Saint Finbarre's Cathedral, Cork, Ireland.

Saint Finbarre's Cathedral,
Cork, Ireland.
Illustration: PINTEREST

The following Text is from Wikipedia - the free encyclopaedia,
unless otherwise stated.

Saint Finbarre's Cathedral, (Irish: Ardeaglais Naomh Fionnbarra) is a Cathedral of The Church of Ireland, in Cork City, Ireland. It is in The Ecclesiastical Province of Dublin. Begun in 1863, the Cathedral was the first major work of the Victorian architect William Burges. Previously the Cathedral of The Diocese of Cork, it is now one of three Cathedrals in The Diocese of Cork, Cloyne and Ross.

The current Cathedral is built on the site of at least two previous structures that were Dedicated to Finbarre of Cork.The first dated from the 7th-Century A.D., with works continuing through to the 12th-Century. This building was damaged during The Siege of Cork (1690), and a new structure was built in 1735 - though elements of the earlier Spire were retained.

The Interior of Saint Finbarre's Cathedral,
Cork, Ireland.
Photo: 17 September 2014.
Source: Own work.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Burges's gift to the Cathedral, the "Resurrection Angel", which was known locally a
"Golden" or "Goldy Angel", on the Pinnacle of the Sanctuary Roof,
Saint Finbarre's Cathedral, Cork City, Ireland.
Photo: 26 April 2007.
Source: Own work.
Author: Plasmoid.
(Wikimedia Commons)

This structure remained until the 1860s, when a competition for the building of a new, larger Cathedral was held in 1862. In February 1863, the design of the architect William Burges was declared the winner of the competition to build a new Cathedral of Saint Finbarre. His diary records his reaction - "Got Cork !" - whilst the Cathedral accounts record the payment of the winning prize sum of £100. Building work took seven years before the first Service was held in the Cathedral in 1870. Building, carving and decoration continued into the 20th-Century, long after Burges's death in 1881.

The Altar and Sanctuary,
Saint Finbarre's Cathedral,
Cork, Ireland.
Photo: 17 September 2014.
Source: Own work.
(Wikimedia Commons)

The Great West Door,
Saint Finbarre's Cathedral,
Cork, Ireland.
Photo: 17 September 2014.
Source: Own work.
(Wikimedia Commons)

The Nave,
Saint Finbarre's Cathedral,
Cork, Ireland.
Photo: 27 April 2013.
Source. Own work.
Author: Twhelton.
(Wikimedia Commons)

The style of the building is Early-French, Burges's favoured Period and a Style he continued to favour throughout his life, choosing it for his own home, The Tower House, in Kensington. The stipulated price for construction was to be £15,000, a sum vastly exceeded. The total cost came to significantly over £100,000. Burges was "unconcerned" (his own words) in his Letter of January 1877 to The Bishop of Cork: "(In the future) the whole affair will be on its trial and, the elements of time and cost being forgotten, the result only will be looked at. The great questions will then be, first, is this work beautiful, and, secondly, have those to whom it was entrusted, done it with all their heart and all their ability."

Burges oversaw all aspects of the design, including the architecture of the building, the statuary, the Stained-Glass and the Internal decoration. The result is "undoubtedly, Burges's greatest work in Ecclesiastical architecture".

Saint Finbarre's Cathedral,
Cork, Ireland.
Photo: 7 September 2014.
Source: Own work.
Author: Debora Guidi.
(Wikimedia Commons)

National Geographic Magazine Lauds The Blessed Virgin Mary. Deo Gratias. America Will Start Using The "C"-Word (Christmas), Next, Instead Of "Holidays".


The Front Cover of the December 2015 edition of National Geographic Magazine.

National Geographic Magazine had Our Blessed Lady on The Front Cover, December 2015. Usually, magazines available in newsagents depict women in a rather graceless fashion (it makes more money).

How refreshing it is, then, to see Our Heavenly Queen, Full of Grace, grace such a widely-read magazine.

The Article, which features Marian Shrines, new and old, recognised and unrecognised, is entitled 'How The Virgin Mary Became The World's Most Powerful Woman' and it can be read HERE.

'Thou art beautiful, above the sons of men: Grace is poured abroad in thy lips; therefore, hath God Blessed thee for ever.'

Let's Pray that more magazines, more and more, look to Mary as the full expression of womanhood and the true model of beauty and strength,'for charm is deceptive and beauty is vain, but a woman who fears The Lord is to be praised.'

Wednesday, 30 November 2016

Have You Got Your "Tandry Whigs" ? Soft Buns Served On Saint Andrew's Day, 30 November.

This Article can be found at MEDIEVAL HISTORIES

Detail of a Calendar Page for December, with a bas-de-page scene of men sledging and warming themselves by a fire, from The Golf Book (Book of Hours, Use of Rome), Workshop of Simon Bening, Netherlands (Bruges), circa 1540, Additional MS 24098, f. 30r. © British Library. Source: Pinterest.


Tandry Whigs are soft buns served on Saint Andrew’s Day on 30 November. The modern version has Mediaeval roots. Here is a recipe.

The word Wig, or Whig, probably stems from Old Norse and means ‘soft’; thus, Wigs or Whigs (modern Norse/Danish: Vegger). Originally, it meant buns made of wheat, as opposed to rye or barley.

According to very early murals in Denmark, they were perhaps originally formed as Crosses. Later, they became buns softened with eggs and butter or lard. Because of the soft dough, they often had an oval or trapezoid form. As anyone knows, who is used to working with dough made of wheat, water yeast, it is best to mix it to a structure akin to porridge and then let it stand around for a day or a day and a half. The the dough may be spilled onto a floured surface and gently cut into buns, which, as often as not, end up looking like Whigs or Verger, oblong soft buns.


According to some reports “Tandry", "Tandra" or "Tandrew” cakes, or Whigs, were enjoyed on The Feast Day of Saint Andrew (30 November).

In the 18th-Century, Tandry (Tandra) cakes turned into a kind of slightly-sweetened bun, made of a plain dough of flour, eggs, sugar, butter and water mixed with yeast. To this, was added currants and lemon peel.

Saint Andrew's Day was also a Traditional day for squirrel hunting. After the animals had been pelted, they were probably stewed with onions, roots, apples and thyme.

"The Last Supper" in Belling Church, Denmark. The mural, from 1496, shows a table spread with
the two common types of daily bread marketed in Late-Mediaeval Denmark – the oblong
"Vegger" (wheat) and the three-cornered "Skonrogger" (sifted rye). © Hans A. Mosbach.



Half a litre of water is mixed with 10 gr of fresh yeast, and as much flour as it takes to make mixture like a thick porridge. It gets tastier if half the flour is whole-grain, but, in The Middle Ages, people would have wished to get it as sifted and soft as that which was served at Court. Cover it with a cloth and let it stand in a warm kitchen for a day and a night.


Mix the Sourdough with a litre of water and circa 1,5 kilos of flour. (For the healthy, but non-Mediaeval version, 1/3 whole grain and 2/3 normal flour). To this should be added 7 tsp. salt.

Work the wet and sticky mixture slowly with your hands, then let it stand around for a bit. Keep coming back during the next two hours and repeat the procedure with wet hands, until it is less sticky. Cover the bowl with a cloth or a wrap and keep it cool until evening.

Heat up the oven, including the baking-tray to 230 – 250 C. Gently toss the dough out onto a floured table or surface and fold it carefully once, until it forms an oblong mass. Now it should be possible to cut the Whigs by using a floured dough-cutter.

Place them on a baking sheet. When the oven is warm, place or drag the baking sheet onto the hot baking-tray. Give them ten minutes, until brown, and then another five minutes at 200 C.

Serve them with stew, made from rabbit, hare or squirrel, cooked with roots and herbs in a mixture of apple-juice and broth.

Saint Andrew The Apostle. Feast Day, Today, 30 November.

Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless otherwise stated.

Saint Andrew.
Feast Day 30 November.

Double of The Second-Class.

Red Vestments.

Saint Andrew.
Artist: Rene de Cramer.
“Copyright Brunelmar/Ghent/Belgium”.
Used with Permission.

The Feast of Saint Andrew has been kept since the 4th-Century A.D., on 30 November.

Saint Andrew was both an Apostle and a Martyr. The Collect tells us that he was called to govern and teach The Church; and the Epistle and the Gospel deal with the Vocation off him who was the first among The Apostles to know Jesus Christ.

When he was called, he immediately left his nets to become a fisher of men (Gospel), and "his sound hath gone forth into all the Earth to Preach the Gospel of Peace" (Epistle). After the coming of The Holy Ghost, he Preached in Palestine, and then in Scythia, Epirus and Thrace.

"But all have not obeyed the Gospel" (Epistle), and Saint Andrew ere long became The Apostle of The Cross. The priests of Achaia describe his Martyrdom at Patras. He died on that special form of Cross which has ever since been called after him, and "The Lord received his Sacrifice in the odour of sweetness" (Alleluia).

His body, having been first taken to Constantinople, was, in 1210, moved to the Cathedral at Amalfi, in the Kingdom of Naples. In 1462, his head was placed by Pope Pius II in the Basilica of Saint Peter, his brother. His name is inscribed in The Canon of The Mass (First List). Saint Andrew is the Patron Saint of Scotland.

Every Parish Priest Celebrates Mass for the people of his Parish.

Let us, with Saint Andrew, follow Christ even to The Cross.

Mass: Mihi autem.

During Advent, a Commemoration of The Feria is made on every Saint's Day by The Collects of the preceding Sunday. (Ember Days have Proper Collects.)



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