Tuesday, 1 December 2015

Christmas Card, 1880.

Christmas Card, 1880.
This image is available from the United States Library of Congress's
Prints and Photographs division,
under the digital ID cph.3a49785.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Monday, 30 November 2015

"Tandry Whigs". Soft Buns Served On Saint Andrew's Day, 30 November.

This Article can be found at MEDIEVAL HISTORIES

Detail of a Calendar page for December, with a bas-de-page scene of men sledging and warming themselves by a fire, from the Golf Book (Book of Hours, Use of Rome), workshop of Simon Bening, Netherlands (Bruges), circa 1540, Additional MS 24098, f. 30r. © British Library. Source: Pinterest.

Tandry Whigs are soft buns served on Saint Andrew’s Day on 30 November. The modern version has Mediaeval roots. Here is a recipe.

The word Wig or Whig probably stems from Old Norse and means ‘soft’; thus, Wigs or Whigs (modern Norse/Danish: Vegger). Originally, it meant buns made of wheat, as opposed to rye or barley.

According to very early murals in Denmark, they were perhaps originally formed as Crosses. Later, they became buns softened with eggs and butter or lard. Because of the soft dough, they often had an oval or trapezoid form. As anyone knows, who is used to working with dough made of wheat, water yeast, it is best to mix it to a structure akin to porridge and then let it stand around for a day or a day and a half. The the dough may be spilled onto a floured surface and gently cut into buns, which, as often as not, end up looking like Whigs or Verger, oblong soft buns.


According to some reports “Tandry", "Tandra" or "Tandrew” cakes, or Whigs, were enjoyed on The Feast Day of Saint Andrew (30 November).

In the 18th-Century, Tandry (Tandra) cakes turned into a kind of slightly-sweetened bun, made of a plain dough of flour, eggs, sugar, butter and water mixed with yeast. To this, was added currants and lemon peel.

Saint Andrew's Day was also a Traditional day for squirrel hunting. After the animals had been pelted, they were probably stewed with onions, roots, apples and thyme.

"The Last Supper" in Belling Church, Denmark. The mural, from 1496, shows a table spread with the two common types of daily bread marketed in Late-Mediaeval Denmark – the oblong ‘Vegger’ (wheat) and the three-cornered ‘Skonrogger’ (sifted rye). © Hans A. Mosbach.



Half a litre of water is mixed with 10 gr of fresh yeast, and as much flour as it takes to make mixture like a thick porridge. It gets tastier if half the flour is whole-grain, but, in The Middle Ages, people would have wished to get it as sifted and soft as that which was served at Court. Cover it with a cloth and let it stand in a warm kitchen for a day and a night.


Mix the Sourdough with a litre of water and circa 1,5 kilos of flour. (For the healthy, but non-Mediaeval version, 1/3 whole grain and 2/3 normal flour). To this should be added 7 tsp. salt.

Work the wet and sticky mixture slowly with your hands, then let it stand around for a bit. Keep coming back during the next two hours and repeat the procedure with wet hands, until it is less sticky. Cover the bowl with a cloth or a wrap and keep it cool until evening.

Heat up the oven, including the baking-tray to 230 – 250 C. Gently toss the dough out onto a floured table or surface and fold it carefully once, until it forms an oblong mass. Now it should be possible to cut the Whigs by using a floured dough-cutter.

Place them on a baking sheet. When the oven is warm, place or drag the baking sheet onto the hot baking-tray. Give them ten minutes, until brown, and then another five minutes at 200 C.

Serve them with stew, made from rabbit, hare or squirrel, cooked with roots and herbs in a mixture of apple-juice and broth.

Saint Andrew The Apostle. Feast Day, Today, 30 November.

Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless otherwise stated.

Saint Andrew.
Feast Day 30 November.

Double of The Second-Class.

Red Vestments.

Saint Andrew.
Artist: Rene de Cramer.
“Copyright Brunelmar/Ghent/Belgium”.
Used with Permission.

The Feast of Saint Andrew has been kept since the 4th-Century A.D., on 30 November.

Saint Andrew was both an Apostle and a Martyr. The Collect tells us that he was called to govern and teach The Church; and the Epistle and the Gospel deal with the Vocation off him who was the first among The Apostles to know Jesus Christ.

When he was called, he immediately left his nets to become a fisher of men (Gospel), and "his sound hath gone forth into all the Earth to Preach the Gospel of Peace" (Epistle). After the coming of The Holy Ghost, he Preached in Palestine, and then in Scythia, Epirus and Thrace.

"But all have not obeyed the Gospel" (Epistle), and Saint Andrew ere long became The Apostle of The Cross. The priests of Achaia describe his Martyrdom at Patras. He died on that special form of Cross which has ever since been called after him, and "The Lord received his Sacrifice in the odour of sweetness" (Alleluia).

His body, having been first taken to Constantinople, was, in 1210, moved to the Cathedral at Amalfi, in the Kingdom of Naples. In 1462, his head was placed by Pope Pius II in the Basilica of Saint Peter, his brother. His name is inscribed in The Canon of The Mass (First List). Saint Andrew is the Patron Saint of Scotland.

Every Parish Priest Celebrates Mass for the people of his Parish.

Let us, with Saint Andrew, follow Christ even to The Cross.

Mass: Mihi autem.
During Advent, a Commemoration of The Feria is made on every Saint's Day, by The Collects of the preceding Sunday. (Ember Days have Proper Collects.)



Available (in U.K.) from

Available (in U.S.A.) from

"The Art Of The Beautiful". Lecture. Reception. Sung Compline. Not To Be Missed. New York. Saturday, 5 December 2015, 1930 hrs.

Please join us for the next "Art of The Beautiful" event, with Father Anthony Giambrone, OP,
from The Dominican House of Studies in Washington DC. Father's Lecture will be followed
by a Reception and Sung Compline. 

Saturday, 5 December 2015, 7.30 p.m.,
The Catholic Center at New York University (NYU),
238 Thompson Street,
New York, New York 10012.

Gregorian Chant. Available For Your Parish Choir. Now. Together With Free Downloads and Free Music Scores.

The following Article can be found in full at GREGORIAN CHANT HYMNS

"Adore Te Devote".
Available on YouTube at
and also available for a free download, together with its Score,

The Roman Catholic Church has a rich Tradition of Hymns, and other devotional Chants, that have been used for Centuries on Feast Days and at The Liturgy of The Hours (The Divine Office found in The Breviary). Many recent Hymnals retained a few Hymns (e.g., Adoro te Devote, Ave Maria) in either Latin or translated versions; therefore, some Hymns continue to be sung in The Liturgy. Many beautiful Hymns have gradually been forgotten, yet are sung in Monasteries and fondly remembered by older generations.

A renewed interest in Chant has been followed by an increase in teaching of Chant Hymns to Choirs and Congregations. Contributors to this Web-Site are Schola Directors, who are riding this wave of enthusiasm. We have benefited from, and are grateful to, others, who created Web-Sites with free music and audio downloads, especially for The Mass Ordinaries and Propers.

When teaching, we observed that Choristers were very interested in, and easily learned, Hymns, but we also noted a lack of easily-accessible free downloads. We also learned that recordings are a very effective way of teaching both Choristers and the Congregation.

Sunday, 29 November 2015

Vigil Of Saint Andrew. Apostle. 29 November.

Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless otherwise stated.

Vigil of Saint Andrew.
29 November.


Violet Vestments.

Madonna and Child, Saint Peter, Saint John the Baptist, Saint Joseph, Saint Paul.
Now begins "The Sanctoral Cycle" or "The Proper of The Saints".

Saint Andrew.
Artist: Rene de Cramer.
“Copyright Brunelmar/Ghent/Belgium”.
Used with Permission.

The Gospel tells us that it was Saint John the Baptist, who, whilst fulfilling his mission of preparing Souls for the coming of Our Lord, pointed out The Messias to his Disciple, Andrew, The latter immediately went to Jesus and became one of His followers.

If The Feast of Saint Andrew (30 November) falls on a Monday, The Mass of The Vigil is said on the previous Saturday, but the Commemoration of Saint Saturninus is made on the Sunday. The same rule holds good for the other Vigils, with the exception of that of Christmas.

If The Feast of Saint Andrew falls on a Sunday, it is Transferred to the first free day.

Mass: Dóminus secus.
The Gloria is never said at Masses with Violet Vestments.
If Advent has not begun, Second Collect of Saturninus. Third Collect: Concéde.
If Advent has begun, Second Collect of The Feria. Third Collect: Saint Saturninus.



Available (in U.K.) from

Available (in U.S.A.) from

The Book Of Ruth: "Whither Thou Goest, I Will Go. And Where Thou Lodgest, I Will Lodge. Thy People Shall Be My People. And Thy God, My God."

Text and Illustrations from Wikipedia - the free encyclopaedia,
unless otherwise stated.

Illustration from

Ruth (Hebrew: רוּת, Modern Rut Tiberian Rūθ), is the main character in The Book of Ruth in The Hebrew Bible.

Ruth was a Moabitess, who married into the Hebrew family of Elimelech and Naomi, whom she met when they left Bethlehem and relocated to Moab, due to a famine. Elimelech and his two sons died, leaving Naomi and her two daughters-in-law as widows. 

When Naomi decided to return to Bethlehem, Ruth decided to go with her, despite the fact that Orpah, Naomi's other daughter-in-law, went back home. 

Ruth famously vowed to follow Naomi in the following passage:

"  Entreat me not to leave thee,
   or to return from following after thee:

   for whither thou goest, I will go;
   and where thou lodgest, I will lodge:

   thy people shall be my people,
   and thy God my God:

   Where thou diest, will I die,
   and there will I be buried:

   the LORD do so to me, and more also,
   if ought but death part thee and me. "

   (Ruth 1:16-17, King James Version)

'Ruth in the Fields', Merle Hugues, 1876

"Ruth in the Fields"
by Merle Hugues, 1876.
Illustration: BIBLE-PEOPLE

Ruth went to glean in the fields, where she met Boaz. At the instigation of Naomi, she forced Boaz to declare his intentions regarding Ruth by slipping into the threshing floor at night, uncovering his feet, and lying at his feet (Ruth 3:8), in the Mosaic tradition of having the nearest relative be the kinsman redeemer (Leviticus 25:25-55). 

Boaz indicated his desire to marry her, and called Ruth a "woman of noble character". After overcoming the obstacle of having a relative with a stronger claim (per the Mosaic requirements in Deuteronomy 25:7-9), Boaz married Ruth, and they had a son, named Obed

The genealogy, in the final Chapter of the Book, explains how Ruth became the Great-Grandmother of David: Boaz begot Obed, Obed begot Jesse and Jesse begot David (Ruth 4:17). She is also, thus, the ancestor of Joseph (husband of Mary and foster-father of Jesus), and is one of the five women mentioned in The Genealogy of Matthew (along with Tamar, Rahab, Bathsheba, and Mary).

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