Cloisters of Saint John Lateran, Rome. Source:

Friday, 23 March 2018

Friday In Passion Week. The "Stabat Mater". Prepare For Good Friday.

Text is from Wikipedia - the free encyclopaedia,
unless otherwise stated.

English: "The Crucifixion". 
Church of Jesus, Genoa, Italy.
Svenska: "Korsfästelsen". 
Chiesa del Gesù. Genua.
Artist: Simon Vouet (1590–1649).
Date: 1622.
Source: Originally from sv.wikipedia;
description page is/was here.
Author: Simon Vouet.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Stabat Mater Dolorosa, often referred to as Stabat Mater, is a 13th-Century Catholic Hymn to Mary, variously attributed to the Franciscan, Jacopone da Todi, and to Pope Innocent III. It is about The Sorrows of Mary.

The Title of the sorrowful Hymn is an Incipit of the first line, Stabat mater dolorosa ("The Sorrowful Mother Stood"). The Dolorosa Hymn, one of the most powerful and immediate of extant Mediaeval poems, meditates on The Suffering of Mary, Jesus Christ's Mother, during His Crucifixion.

It is sung at The Liturgy on The Feast of Our Lady of Sorrows. The Dolorosa has been set to music by many composers, with the most famous settings being those by Palestrina, Pergolesi, Alessandro Scarlatti and Domenico Scarlatti, Vivaldi, Haydn, Rossini, Poulenc, and Dvořák.

The Dolorosa was well-known by the end of the 14th-Century and Georgius Stella wrote of its use in 1388, while other historians note its use later in the same Century. In Provence, France, about 1399, it was used during The Nine Days Processions.

As a Liturgical Sequence, The Dolorosa was Suppressed, along with hundreds of other Sequences, by The Council of Trent, but restored to The Missal by Pope Benedict XIII, in 1727, for The Feast of The Seven Dolours of The Blessed Virgin Mary.

"Stabat Mater"
(The Mother Stood),
Composer: Pergolesi.
Performed by 
Andreas Scholl and Barbara Bonney.
Available on YouTube at

Friday In Passion Week. The "Te Deum" Is Sung At Matins On The Feast Day Of The Seven Sorrows Of The Blessed Virgin Mary.

Text is taken from Wikipedia - the free encyclopaedia,
unless otherwise stated.

When was the last time you heard the "Te Deum" sung in your Church ?

Why not ask your Parish Priest (Pastor) to arrange to have it sung in your Church ?

The "Te Deum" Stained-Glass Window,
by Christopher Whall, Church of Saint Mary The Virgin, Ware, Hertfordshire, England.
Author: Barking Tigs.
(Wikimedia Commons)

English: Saint Ambrose.
One of the Traditionally-ascribed authors of the "Te Deum", together with Saint Augustine.
Deutsch: hl. Ambrosius.
Artist: Francisco de Zurbarán (1598–1664).
Date: 1626-1627.
Current location: Museo Provincial de Bellas Artes, Seville, Spain.
Note: Deutsch: Urspr. für den Konvent San Pablo in Sevilla,.
Prior Diego de Bordas.
Source/Photographer: The Yorck Project: 10.000 Meisterwerke der Malerei.
DVD-ROM, 2002. 
SBN 3936122202. Distributed by DIRECTMEDIA Publishing GmbH.
Permission: [1].
(Wikimedia Commons)

The "Te Deum" (also known as "The Ambrosian Hymn" or "A Song of The Church") is an Early-Christian Hymn of Praise. The Title is taken from its opening Latin words, "Te Deum laudamus", rendered as "Thee, O God, we Praise".

The Hymn remains in regular use in The Catholic Church, in The Office of Readings (The Divine Office), found in The Liturgy of The Hours, and in thanksgiving to God for a special Blessing, such as the Election of a Pope, the Consecration of a Bishop, the Canonisation of a Saint, a Religious Profession, the publication of a Treaty of Peace, a Royal Coronation, etc. It is sung either after Mass or The Divine Office, or as a separate Religious Ceremony. The Hymn also remains in use in The Anglican Communion and some Lutheran Churches in similar settings.

In The Traditional Office, the "Te Deum" is sung at the end of Matins, on all days when the Gloria is said at Mass; those days are all Sundays, outside Advent, Septuagesima, Lent, and Passiontide; on all Feasts (except The Triduum) and on all Ferias during Eastertide.

A Plenary Indulgence is granted, under the usual conditions, to those who recite it in public on New Year's Eve.

The "Te Deum". Sung by The Benedictine Monks of the Abbey of Saint Maurice and Saint Maur, Clervaux. Luxembourg.

The "Te Deum" is attributed to two Fathers and Doctors of The Church, Saint Ambrose and Saint Augustine, and is one the most majestic Chants in The Liturgy of The Church.It is sung in Traditional Seminaries and Monastic Houses at The Divine Office and for Double Feasts of The First Class, The Nativity, Easter, Corpus Christi, Epiphany, Pentecost and those which have an Octave.

The Solemn "Te Deum" is sung on all occasions of public Church rejoicing.
Available on YouTube at

Authorship is traditionally ascribed to Saint Ambrose and Saint Augustine, on the occasion of the latter's Baptism by the former in 387 A.D. It has also been ascribed to Saint Hilary, but says "it is now accredited to Nicetas, Bishop of Remesiana (4th-Century A.D.)".

The Petitions at the end of the Hymn (beginning "Salvum fac populum tuum") are a selection of Verses from The Book of Psalms, appended subsequently to the original Hymn.

The Hymn follows the outline of The Apostles' Creed, mixing a poetic vision of The Heavenly Liturgy with its declaration of Faith. Calling on The Name of God, immediately, the Hymn proceeds to name all those who Praise and Venerate God; from the hierarchy of Heavenly Creatures, to those Christian Faithful already in Heaven, to The Church spread throughout the World.

The Hymn then returns to its Credal formula, naming Christ and recalling His Birth, Suffering and Death, His Resurrection and Glorification. At this point, the Hymn turns to the subjects declaiming the Praise, both The Universal Church and the singer, in particular, asking for Mercy on past sins, protection from future sin, and the hoped-for reunification with The Elect.

Te Deum Laudamus:
te Dominum confitemur.
Te aeternum Patrem
omnis terra veneratur.

Tibi omnes Angeli;
tibi caeli et universae Potestates;
Tibi Cherubim et Seraphim
incessabili voce proclamant:

Sanctus, Sanctus, Sanctus,
Dominus Deus Sabaoth.
Pleni sunt caeli et terra
maiestatis gloriae tuae.

Te gloriosus Apostolorum chorus,
Te Prophetarum laudabilis numerus,
Te Martyrum candidatus laudat exercitus.
Te per orbem terrarum
sancta confitetur Ecclesia,

Patrem immensae maiestatis:
Venerandum tuum verum et unicum Filium;
Sanctum quoque Paraclitum Spiritum.
Tu Rex gloriae, Christe.

Tu Patris sempiternus es Filius.
Tu ad liberandum suscepturus hominem,
non horruisti Virginis uterum.
Tu, devicto mortis aculeo,
aperuisti credentibus regna caelorum.

Tu ad dexteram Dei sedes, in gloria Patris.
Iudex crederis esse venturus.
Te ergo quaesumus, tuis famulis subveni:
quos pretioso sanguine redemisti.
Aeterna fac cum sanctis tuis in gloria numerari.

[added later, mainly from Psalm Verses:]

Salvum fac populum tuum,
Domine, et benedic hereditati tuae.
Et rege eos, et extolle illos usque in aeternum.
Per singulos dies benedicimus te;

Et laudamus Nomen tuum in saeculum, et in saeculum saeculi.
Dignare, Domine, die isto sine peccato nos custodire.
Miserere nostri Domine, miserere nostri.
Fiat misericordia tua,

Domine, super nos,
quemadmodum speravimus in te.
In te, Domine, speravi:
non confundar in aeternum.

Translation from The Book of Common Prayer.

We Praise Thee, O God:
We acknowledge Thee to be The Lord.
All the Earth doth Worship Thee:
The Father Everlasting.

To Thee all Angels cry aloud:
The Heavens, and all The Powers, therein.
To Thee Cherubim and Seraphim
Continually do cry:
Holy, Holy, Holy: Lord God of Sabaoth;
Heaven and Earth are full of The Majesty
Of Thy Glory.

The glorious company of The Apostles Praise Thee.
The goodly fellowship of The Prophets Praise Thee.
The noble Army of Martyrs Praise Thee.
The Holy Church throughout all the World
Doth acknowledge Thee.

The Father Of an Infinite Majesty;
Thine Honourable, True, And Only Son;
Also, The Holy Ghost, The Comforter.
Thou art The King of Glory, O Christ.

Thou art The Everlasting Son of The Father.
When Thou tookest upon Thee to deliver man:
Thou didst not abhor The Virgin's Womb.
When Thou hadst overcome the sharpness of death:
Thou didst open The Kingdom of Heaven to all believers.

Thou sittest at The Right Hand of God:
In The Glory of The Father.
We believe that Thou shalt come: To be our Judge.
We therefore Pray Thee, help Thy servants:
whom Thou hast Redeemed with Thy Precious Blood.
Make them to be numbered with Thy Saints: In Glory Everlasting.

[These two verses were added later, mainly from Psalm verses:]

O Lord, save Thy people:
and Bless Thine heritage.
Govern them: And lift them up for ever.
Day by day: We magnify Thee;
And we worship Thy Name: Ever World Without End.

Vouchsafe, O Lord: To keep us this day without sin.
O Lord, have mercy upon us: Have mercy upon us.
O Lord, let Thy mercy lighten upon us:
As our trust is in Thee.
O Lord, in Thee have I trusted:
Let me never be confounded.

Friday In Passion Week. The Seven Sorrows Of The Blessed Virgin Mary.

Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal for Friday in Passion Week,
unless otherwise stated.

The Seven Sorrows of The Blessed Virgin Mary.

Friday in Passion Week.


White Vestments.

English: The Blessed Virgin Mary surrounded by The Seven Sorrows.
Nederlands: Linkerluik van een diptiek Onze-Lieve-Vrouw
der Zeven Weeën door Adriaen Isenbrant (circa 1490-1551); KMSKB, Brussel.
Photo: June 2009.
Source: Own work.
Author: Georges Jansoone (JoJan) -
artwork by Adriaen Isenbrant.
(Wikimedia Commons)

The Christmas Cycle Celebrated the part taken by The Blessed Virgin in The Mystery of The Incarnation, glorifying both The Divinity of Jesus and The Divine Maternity of Mary.

The Easter Cycle tells us how The Mother of The Saviour co-operated in The Mystery of The Redemption. It shows her in this Season of The Passion at The Foot of The Cross, where Christ is dying (Introit, Sequence, Gospel). “An ineffable union is established between The Oblation of The Incarnate Word and that of Mary; The Divine Blood and The Tears of The Mother flow together and are mixed for the redemption of the human race.” [The quoted Text is taken from “The Liturgical Year” by Dom Guéranger: Friday in Passion Week.]

“The Prophecy of Simeon is fulfilled: A Sword of Grief pierces The Most Gentle Soul of The Glorious Virgin Mary (Collect), who, by her unequalled love, becomes The Queen of Martyrs” (Communion). [The quoted Text is taken from Saint Bernard of Clairvaux: Sixth Lesson at Matins.]

As Judith had delivered Israel by killing Holofernes (Epistle), The Virgin is our Deliverer, with Jesus. Wherefore, the Gospel shows us, at The Foot of The Tree of Passion, in a scene which recalls The Tree of Prevarication, The Maternity of Mary with regard to The Church personified by Saint John.

“Let us Venerate The Transfixion of The Glorious Virgin Mary at The Foot of The Cross, in order to gather the happy fruit of The Passion of her Son” (Collect).

Mass: Stabant justa.

The Ferial Mass Of Friday In Passion Week. Lenten Station At Saint Stephen-In-The-Round On Mount Coelius.

Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless stated otherwise.

Ferial Mass of The Friday in Passion Week.

Station at Saint Stephen's on Mount Coelius.

Indulgence of 10 Years and 10 Quarantines.

Violet Vestments.

English: The Basilica of Saint Stephen-in-the-Round, on Mount Coelius, Rome, Italy.
Italiano: Santo Stefano Rotondo in Rome (rione Celio).
Date: Circa 1880.
Source: Scanning of reproduction.
(Wikimedia Commons)

The Station is at the Church of Saint Stephen on Mount Coelius, called Saint Stephen-the-Round, on account of its circular form. It was Dedicated in the 5th-Century A.D. to The First of The Martyrs, whose Relics had been brought to Rome.

This Saint was The First Martyr, or Witness, of Christ. Whilst dying, he beheld The Saviour at The Right-Hand of The Father in Heaven. Thus, it was fitting to assemble in this Basilica at this Holy Time, Consecrated to the Memory of The Saviour’s Passion, which prepares us to Celebrate His Triumph at Easter.

English: Basilica of Saint Stephen-in-the-Round, on Mount Coelius, Rome, Italy.
Santo Stefano Rotondo is the most ancient example of a centrally-planned Church in Rome.
Photo: January 2006.
Source: Own work.
Author: Lalupa.
(Wikimedia Commons)

The Gospel of today mentions The Sitting of The Sanhedrin, at which The Death of Jesus was irrevocably decreed by the Jewish priests. [Jesus having raised Lazarus from the dead, at the time that the Pilgrims were preparing to come in multitudes to Jerusalem for The Feast of The Passover, the Jewish authorities of The Sanhedrin assembled on The Mount of Evil Counsel, and, under pretext that the Romans, who had conquered Judea, would take umbrage at the influence of Christ and use repressive measures against the Jewish people, the High Priest declares that Jesus must die.]

English: The Basilica of Saint Stephen-in-the-Round on Mount Coelius, Rome, Italy.
Italiano: Roma, Santo Stefano Rotondo al Celio: interno dopo il restauro.
Photo: June 2008.
Source: Own work.
Author: Lalupa.
(Wikimedia Commons)

The Miracle of the resurrection of Lazarus they say, will excite such popular enthusiasm during the Paschal festivities, when crowds fill Jerusalem, that the Romans, uneasy for their authority, will destroy our City and Nation. It is therefore better, concludes Caiphas, that one man should disappear and that the Nation should be saved.

Jeremias, in the Epistle, and the Psalmist, in the Introit, the Gradual, the Offertory and the Communion, express the sorrows and anguish of Jesus, Who feels Himself surrounded by such treacherous and relentless enemies.

Let us participate in The Feelings of Christ, Who will soon atone for our sins by The Sufferings of His Passion. And may The Fear of Eternal Punishment make us accept the troubles of this life and the holy austerities of Lent (Collect).

Mass: Miserére mihi.

Coat-of-Arms of Hungary.
English: Blazon: “Per Pale, the first Barry of eight Gules and Argent, the second Gules, on a Mount Vert a Crown Or, issuant therefrom a Double Cross Argent. In Crest The Holy Crown of Hungary.”
Magyar: Címer: Magyarország. Címerleírás A Magyar Köztársaság címere hegyes talpú,
hasított pajzs. Első mezeje vörössel és ezüsttel hétszer vágott. Második, vörös mezejében
zöld hármas halomnak arany koronás kiemelkedő középső részén ezüst kettős kereszt.
A pajzson a magyar Szent Korona nyugszik. Hivatkozási A Magyar Köztársaság Alkotmánya
Date: January 2009.
Source: Own work, based on Flags of the World - Hungary -
Author: Thommy.
(Wikimedia Commons)

English: Cardinal Mindszenty was a Cardinal Priest 
of the Titulus S. Stephani-in-Coelio-Monte.
Magyar: Mindszenty József szobor (szobrász: Domonkos Béla, 2009). 
Állíttatta a „Hittel a nemzetért” alapítvány 2009-ben, október 26-án 220 centiméter 
magas bronzszobor, amely egy 80 centiméteres süttői mészkő alapon áll. 
A szobor áldást emelő kézzel ábrázolja Mindszenty Józsefet.
Mindszenty József szobor (szobrász: Domonkos Béla, 2009).
Photo: 8 November 2009 (original upload date).
Source: Transferred from hu.wikipedia;
transferred to Commons 
Author: Original uploader was Misibacsi at hu.wikipedia.
(Wikimedia Commons)

The Venerable József Mindszenty (29 March 1892 – 6 May 1975) was a Cardinal and the
known as a steadfast supporter of Church freedom and opponent of Communism and the
brutal Stalinist persecution in his Country. As a result, he was tortured and given a life sentence
in a 1949 Show Trial that generated Worldwide condemnation, including a United Nations Resolution
Freed in The Hungarian Revolution of 1956, he was granted political asylum and lived in the 
U.S. Embassy in Budapest for fifteen years. He was finally allowed to leave the Country
in 1971. 
e died in exile in 1975 in Vienna, Austria.

Basilica of San Stefano Rotondo, Rome, Italy.
Photo: March 2003.
Author: seier+seier.
(Wikimedia Commons)

The following Text is from Wikipedia - the free encyclopaedia.

The Basilica of Saint Stephen-in-the-Round on Mount Coelius (Italian: Basilica di Santo Stefano al Monte Celio), (Latin: Basilica San Stephani in Coelio Monte) is an ancient Basilica and Titular Church in Rome. Commonly named Santo Stefano Rotondo, the Church is The National Church in Rome of Hungary, Dedicated to Saint Stephen and, also, Saint Stephen of Hungary. The Minor Basilica is also The Rectory Church of The Pontifical Collegium Germanicum et Hungaricum.

The Cardinal Priest, or Titular, of Saint Stephen's is Friedrich Wetter.

The earliest Church was Consecrated by Pope Simplicius between 468 A.D. and 483 A.D. It was Dedicated to The Proto-Martyr, Saint Stephen, whose body had been discovered a few decades before in The Holy Land, and brought to Rome. The Church was the first in Rome to have a Circular Plan, inspired by The Church of The Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem.

Illustration of Pope Saint John I, (523 A.D. - 526 A.D.), who embellished the Basilica di Santo Stefano-al-Monte-Celio. He is the first Pope known to have visited Constantinople, while in Office.
Author: Artaud de Montor, Alexis François.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Santo Stefano was probably financed by the wealthy Valerius Family, whose estates covered large parts of The Caelian Hill. Their villa stood nearby, on the site of the present-day Hospital of San Giovanni - Addolorata. Saint Melania the Elder, a member of the Family, was a frequent Pilgrim to Jerusalem and died there, so the Family had connections to The Holy Land.

Originally, the Church had three concentric Ambulatories, flanked by twenty-two Ionic Columns, surrounding the central circular space, surmounted by a tambour (22 m high and 22 m wide). There were twenty-two windows in the tambour, but most of them were walled up in the 15th-Century restoration. The outermost corridor was later demolished.

The Church was embellished by Pope John I and Pope Felix IV in the 6th-Century A.D. In 1130, Pope Innocent II had three Transversal Arches added to support the Dome.

English: Pope Nicholas V, who Reigned from 6 March 1447 until his death in 1455.
Born Tommaso Parentucelli, Nicholas was made a Cardinal for his diplomatic efforts by
Pope Eugene IV. In 1454, Pope Nicholas V entrusted the ruined Church to The Pauline Fathers,
the only Catholic Order Founded by Hungarians. This is the reason why Santo Stefano Rotondo
later became the unofficial Church of Hungarians in Rome.
Nederlands: Paus Nicolas V.
Date of painting: 1612 - 1616.
Author: Peter Paul Rubens (1577–1640).
(Wikimedia Commons)

English: Flag of Hungary, with The Coat-of-Arms, is used on solemn occasions.
In 1454, Pope Nicholas V entrusted the ruined Church of Santo Stefano Rotondo to
The Pauline Fathers
the only Catholic Order Founded by Hungarians. This is the reason why
Santo Stefano Rotondo 
later became the unofficial Church of Hungarians in Rome.
Magyar: Magyarország ünnepi zászlója (magyar zászló).
Esperanto: maloficiala solena flago de Hungario kun blazono.
Date: 5 July 2009.
Source: User:Thommy9's works.
Author: User:Orion 8.
(Wikimedia Commons)

In The Middle Ages, Santo Stefano Rotondo was in The Charge of The Canons of San Giovanni-in-Laterano, but, as time went on, it fell into disrepair. In the middle of the 15th-Century, Flavio Biondo praised the Marble Columns, Marble-covered-walls and Cosmatesque works-of-art of the Church, but he added that: "Unfortunately, nowadays, Santo Stefano Rotondo has no roof". Blondus claimed that the Church was built on the remains of an ancient Temple of Faunus. Excavations in 1969 to 1975 revealed that the building was never converted from a pagan temple, but was always a Church, erected under Emperor Constantine I in the first half of the 4th-Century A.D.

A model of a Renaissance Church inside San Stefano Rotondo, Rome.
Photo: March 2003.
Author: seier+seier.
(Wikimedia Commons)

In 1454, Pope Nicholas V entrusted the ruined Church to The Pauline Fathers, the only Catholic Order founded by Hungarians. This is the reason why Santo Stefano Rotondo later became the unofficial Church of the Hungarians in Rome. The Church was restored by Bernardo Rossellino, it is presumed under the guidance of Leon Battista Alberti.

In 1579, the Hungarian Jesuits followed The Pauline Fathers. The Collegium Hungaricum, established here by István Arator that year, was soon merged with The Collegium Germanicum in 1580, which became The Collegium Germanicum et Hungaricum, because very few Hungarian students were able to travel to Rome from the Turkish-occupied Kingdom of Hungary.

English: Coat-of-Arms of Pope Nicholas V.
Français: Armoiries du pape Nicolas V : de gueules à la clef d'argent posée
en bande 
et à la clef d'or posée en barre toutes deux liées d'un cordon d'azur.
Date: August 2008.
Source: Own work.
Author: Odejea.
(Wikimedia Commons)

The Cardinal Priest of the Titulus S. Stephani in Coelio Monte has been Friedrich Wetter since 1985. His predecessor, József Mindszenty, was famous as the Persecuted Catholic leader of Hungary under the Communist dictatorship. Although the Interior of the Church is circular, the Exterior is cruciform.

The walls of the Church are decorated with numerous frescoes, including those of Niccolò Circignani (Niccolò Pomarancio) and Antonio Tempesta, portraying thirty-four scenes of Martyrdom, commissioned by Pope Gregory XIII in the 16th-Century. Each painting has a Titulus, or inscription, explaining the scene and giving the name of the Emperor who ordered the execution, as well as a quotation from The Bible. The paintings' naturalistic depictions of torture and execution are somewhat morbid.

English: Cardinal Friedrich Wetter, 
Cardinal-Priest of the Titulus 
S. Stephani-in-Coelio-Monte.
Deutsch: Kardinal Friedrich Wetter 
bei der Verleihung des Martinsmantels
Photo: November 2008.
Source: Transferred from de.wikipedia
transferred to Commons by
using CommonsHelper. (Original text : selbst fotographiert).
Author: Papiermond. Original uploader was Papiermond at de.wikipedia.
(Wikimedia Commons)

The Altar was made by the Florentine artist, Bernardo Rossellino, in the 15th-Century. The painting in the Apse shows Christ between two Martyrs. The mosaic/marble decoration is from 523 A.D. - 530 A.D. One mosaic shows the Martyrs, Saint Primus and Saint Felicianus, flanking a Crux Gemmata (Jewelled Cross).

There is a Tablet, recording the burial here, of the Irish King, Donough O'Brien, of Cashel and Thomond, who died in Rome in 1064. An ancient Chair of Pope Gregory The Great, from around 580 A.D., is also preserved here.

The Chapel of Saints Primo e Feliciano has very interesting and rare mosaics from the 7th-Century A.D. The Chapel was built by Pope Theodore I, who brought the Relics of The Martyrs here and buried them (together with the Remains of his father).

Thursday, 22 March 2018

Thursday In Passion Week. The Lenten Station Is At The Church Of Saint Apollinaris And The Church Of Saint Mary-The-New.

Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
   unless otherwise stated.

Thursday in Passion Week.

Station at Saint Apollinaris's and at Saint Mary-the-New
   (also called Saint Frances of Rome).

Indulgence of 10 Years and 10 Quarantines.

Violet Vestments.

English: The Church of Saint Apollinaris, Rome, Italy.
Italiano: Roma Chiesa di S Apollinare.
Photo: November 2012.
User: MGA73bot2.
Source: Own work.
Author: Gobbler.
(Wikimedia Commons)

The old Lenten Station is at the Church built towards 780 A.D., by Pope Adrian I, on the ruins of an ancient temple, in honour of The Holy Martyr, Apollinaris, the Disciple of Saint Peter and Archbishop of Ravenna. A second Lenten Station was added in 1934.

The second Lenten Station, added by Pope Pius XI in 1934, is at Saint Mary-the-New (Santa Maria Nuova), also known as Santa Francesca Romana. Santa Francesca Romana is situated next to the Roman Forum.

English: Church of Saint Mary-the-New (Santa Francesca Romana), Rome.
Italiano: Chiesa di Santa Francesca Romana nei pressi del Foro Romano, Roma.
Photo: February 2008.
Source: Own work.
(Wikimedia Commons)

By Apostolic Letters, dated 5 March 1934, and published on 15 October 1935, the Churches of Santa Agatha and Saint Mary-the-New (Santa Maria Nuova) (also called Santa Francesca Romana) were raised to the Title of Lenten Stational Churches.

The same Ceremonies are performed, and the same Indulgences may be gained there, respectively, as Santa Pudentiana, on The Third Tuesday in Lent, and Sant'Apollinare, on Passion Thursday. These two new Stational Churches (Santa Agatha and Saint Mary-the-New (Santa Maria Nuova)) (also called Santa Francesca Romana) are not on the published Map of Lenten Stational Churches in The Saint Andrew Daily Missal.

English: The View from The Palatine Hill showing the Basilica of Saint Mary-the-New
Česky: Pohled z vrchu Palatin směrem na Forum Romanum,
Photo: April 2011.
Source: Own work.
Author: Karelj.
(Wikimedia Commons)

In The Mass of The Day, Daniel recalls the humiliation of the people of Israel, who were delivered to their enemies “on account of their sins” (Introit and Epistle). The Church also mourns over the bad Christians and the heathen, slaves of Satan and of their passions.

With Azarias, she asks the Lord “that all those who ill-treat His servants may be confounded, for it is with a contrite and humble heart that they return to God” (Epistle). She hopes that, faithful to His ancient and solemn oath, He will multiply His people like the stars in the firmament and the sand on the shore (Epistle). She already sees with joy The Paschal Night, when, in The Baptismal Font, numerous children are going to be born to her. She excites the Penitents to true repentance and hope by relating the conversion of Magdalen the sinner, who throws herself at the feet of Jesus, shedding tears of repentance, whilst the Jews, represented by Simon the Pharisee, remain unmoved.

English: Interior of Saint Apollinaris's Church, Rome, Italy.
Italiano: Roma, Sant'Apollinare, interno.
Photo: February 2009.
Source: Own work.
Author: Lalupa.
(Wikimedia Commons)

The Gospel relates to the second year of the Public Ministry of Jesus, Who was received in Naim, in the house of Simon the Pharisee. Several Fathers of The Latin Church think that the poor sinner was Mary of Magdala, called, for that reason, Magdalen, who was identified as the sister of Lazarus and Martha.

Forming part of the People of God through Baptism, we should humbly, like Magdalen, weep for our sins and generously expiate them. Let us therefore purify our bodies and Souls by mortification and Penance, for it is “by Abstinence that we must heal our wounds made by intemperance” (Collect).

Mass: Omnia, quae fecisti.

English: Pope Gregory XIII (1572 - 1585) granted the Basilica of Sant'Apollinare to The Jesuits in 1574. He is best known for commissioning, and being the namesake for, The Gregorian Calendar, which remains the internationally-accepted Civil Calendar.
Portrait by Lavinia Fontana (1552 - 1614).
Español: Gregorio XIII.
(Wikimedia Commons)

The following Text is from Wikipedia - the free encyclopaedia.

Sant'Apollinare alle Terme is a Titular Church in Rome, Dedicated to Saint Apollinaris of Ravenna, the first Bishop of Ravenna. It is The Station Church for The Thursday in Passion Week in Lent.

The Church was Founded in the Early-Middle Ages, probably in the 7th-Century A.D. It is first mentioned, in The Liber Pontificalis, under Pope Hadrian I, using spolia from the ruins of an Imperial Building. The first Priests, who served the Church, were probably Eastern Basilian Monks, who had fled from persecution during the iconoclast period.

The Church is Listed, in The Catalogue of Turin, as a Papal Chapel, with eight Clerics. In 1574, it was granted to The Jesuits by Pope Gregory XIII, and it was used as the Church of the next-door Collegium Germanicum in the Palazzo di Sant'Apollinare (now owned by The Roman Seminary), which was later united with The Hungarian College to form The Collegium Germanicum et Hungaricum. This remained a Jesuit institution until The Suppression of The Jesuits in 1773, when this Church passed to The Lazarists.

Pope Pius XI (1922 - 1939),
in 1934, raised Santa Francesca Romana to the Title of Lenten Stational Church.
Photo: 1930.
Source: Pope Pius XI.
Author: Politisch Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Berlin, 1932.
(Wikimedia Commons)

English: Altar in Santa Francesca Romana.
This Church was previously known as Santa Maria Nova (Saint Mary-the-New).
Italiano: Altare della chiesa di Santa Francesca Romana
conosciuta anche come Santa Maria Nova.
Photo: March 2010.
Source: Own work.
Author: Goldmund100.
(Wikimedia Commons)

In the Late-17th-Century, the Church of Saint Apollinaris was in a poor state of repair. Its rebuilding was considered over a long period, but wasn't carried out, probably due to lack of funds. Despite this, in 1702, a Chapel was re-decorated and Dedicated to Saint Francis Xavier, and a statue of the Saint commissioned from Pierre Le Gros, who carved the Marble with extraordinary virtuosity (the statue was preserved when the Church was eventually rebuilt, some forty years later, and is still in situ).

In 1742, Pope Benedict XIV commissioned Ferdinando Fuga to rebuild Saint Apollinaris's. Fuga added a new façade in the Late-16th-Century-Style, with Baroque elements. It has two Storeys, with Ionic Columns in the Lower Storey and Corinthian Columns in the Upper Storey. The Lower Level has a Central Doorway, flanked by windows. Above the door, is a triangular Tympanum. On the Upper Level, is a large Central Window with a Balcony, and two smaller windows to the sides. The façade is crowned by a Double Tympanum. Fuga also reconstructed the Dome. The Church was re-Dedicated in 1748.

Francesco Antonio Zaccaria, writer and archaeologist, who died in 1795, was buried in the Chapel of Saint Ignatius of Loyola. In 1990, the Church was granted to Opus Dei, and is now part of their Pontifical Institute of Saint Apollinaris. In the same year, the notorious gangster Enrico De Pedis, boss of the so-called Banda della Magliana, was buried in the Church's Crypt, by authorisation of Cardinal Ugo Poletti. The unusual interment has been linked to the case of Emanuela Orlandi's kidnapping and the tomb was opened for investigation in 2012.

Pope Benedict XIV.
Artist: Pierre Subleyras (1699 - 1749).
Current location: Palace of Versailles, Paris.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Pope Benedict XIV (1740 - 1758) commissioned Ferdinando Fuga to rebuild the Church of Saint Apollinaris in 1742. When Elected Pope, in 1740, the Conclave that Elected him had lasted for six months, He is reported to have said to the Cardinals: "If you wish to Elect a Saint, choose Gotti;
a Statesman, Aldrovandi; an honest man, me".

The Church has a single Nave. Along the side are Pilasters with Corinthian Capitals holding the Arches to the Side Chapels. In the Barrel-Vaulted Ceiling, is a fresco of The Glory of Saint Apollinaris, by Stefano Pozzi.

The High Altar was made on the orders of Pope Benedict XIV, with stucco decorations by Bernardino Ludovisi and an Early-17th-Century Altarpiece depicting Saint Apollinaris' Consecration as Bishop of Ravenna. The Crypt contains Relics.

The elliptical Chapel of Graces, which is outside the Church proper, is accessed through a doorway on the Left. It contains a 1494 fresco of The Virgin, Queen of Apostles, which survived The Sack of Rome, because the Priests covered it with lime. It was then rediscovered in 1645, when two boys and a Soldier took refuge in the Church during an earthquake. A Marble Frame with Golden Stucco Cherubs was added by Peter Anton von Verschaffelt.
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