Notre Dame de Rouen. The façade of the Gothic Church in France. Photographer: Hippo1947. Licence: SHUTTERSTOCK.

Saturday 20 July 2024

A Little Levity To Lighten Your Day . . .

Saint Margaret Of Antioch. Virgin. Martyr. Whose Feast Day Is, Today, 20 July. Zephyrinus Shows Off His “Missale Romanum” From 1861. (Much Better Than A “Missalette”).

Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless stated otherwise.

Saint Margaret of Antioch.
   Virgin And Martyr.
   Feast Day 20 July.


Red Vestments.

The Introit for The Mass for Saint Margaret of Antioch, Virgin and Martyr, on 20 July, from Zephyrinus’s Missale Romanum (dated 1861), which was kindly given by a Priest friend. Readers have to decide whether this Liturgical presentation has more Sanctity, Profundity, and Worth, than what is often on offer in today's “Missalettes”.

The size of the Missale Romanum is 17 inches tall (43 cm) and 12 inches wide (30 cm). Not exactly designed to fit into one's pocket. It was probably designed to rest on a Brass Eagle Lectern in a Monastic Sanctuary.

Mass: Me exspectavérunt.
All Illustrations: ZEPHYRINUS

Saint Margaret, who had been taught The Christian Religion by her nurse, perished by the sword in the cruel General Persecution, at Antioch, in Pisidia, towards 255 A.D. - 275 A.D.

From The East, her Veneration was carried to The West, during The Crusades. She is especially invoked by those about to become mothers. Her name is in The List of The Fourteen Auxiliary Saints (see The Post for 28 July 2015).

The following Text is from Wikipedia - the free encyclopædia,
unless stated otherwise.

Margaret, known as Margaret of Antioch, in The West, and as Saint Marina the Great Martyr (Greek: Ἁγία Μαρίνα), in The East, is celebrated as a Saint on 20 July in Western Christianity, on 30 July (Julian Calendar) by the Eastern Orthodox Church, and on Epip 23 and Hathor 23 in the Coptic Orthodox Church.

She was reputed to have promised very powerful Indulgences to those who wrote or read her Life, or invoked her Intercessions; these no doubt helped the spread of her following.[2]

Margaret is one of The Fourteen Holy Helpers, and is one of the Saints that Joan of Arc claimed to have spoken with.

Saint Marina the Great Martyr. An illustration in her hagiography, printed in Greece, depicting her beating 
a demon with a hammer. Date on the picture: 1858.

Saint Jerome Emilian. Confessor. Feast Day, Today, 20 July.

Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless stated otherwise.

Saint Jerome Emilian.
   Feast Day 20 July.


White Vestments.

Saint Jerome Emilian.
Founder of The Somascan Fathers. Over Five Hundred Years Service to Orphans and The Needy Youth of this World.

Born at Venice, Italy, of the patrician family of Emiliani, Jerome unreservedly gave himself up to the influence of Divine Grace, "which, on the ruins of the corrupt man, raised him as a new man made in The Image of God" (Secret).

Filled with The Spirit of Adoption, which makes us Children of The Father, he was chosen by Heaven to be The Father of Orphans and of The Poor. (Collect).

As Jesus had asked the young man in the Gospel to do, he left everything and, like his Master, made little Children come unto him (Gospel).

He Founded, at Somascha, between Milan and Bergamo, Italy, a Congregation whose object was to educate youth in Orphanages and Colleges. Wherefore, the Introit, applying to him the words of Jeremias, shows him full of compassion for children, who, thanks to him, learned to praise The Lord.

Dividing his bread with those who were hungry, and covering the naked, he opened asylums for The Poor and gave them abundant alms with the help of The Nobility of Pavia and Milan (Epistle, Gradual, Alleluia).

He died of the plague in 1537, having borne on his shoulders the plague-stricken to their burial place (Offertory).

Let us have recourse to The Father of Mercies, so that we may be filled, like Saint Jerome, with Holy Charity for The Poor and for Children.

Mass: Effúsum est.
Commemoration: Saint Margaret.

Friday 19 July 2024

The Fifth Annual Festival Of Saint Louis. Music Of The Crusades Concert.

Gustav Mahler. Symphony No. 5. Conductor: Claudio Abbado.

Mahler. Symphony No. 5.
 Conductor: Claudio Abbado.
Lucerne Festival Orchestra.

The following Text is from Wikipedia - the free encyclopædia,
unless stated otherwise.

Gustav Mahler (7 July 1860 – 18 May 1911) was an Austro-Bohemian Romantic composer, and one of the leading conductors of his generation. As a composer, he acted as a bridge between the 19th-Century Austro-German tradition and the Modernism of the Early-20th-Century. 

While in his lifetime his status as a conductor was established beyond question, his own music gained wide popularity only after periods of relative neglect, which included a ban on its performance in much of Europe during the Nazi era

After 1945, his compositions were rediscovered by a new generation of listeners; Mahler then became one of the most frequently-performed and recorded of all composers, a position he has sustained into the 21st century.

English: Gustav Mahler photographed in 1907 by Moritz Nähr at the end of his period as Director of the Vienna Hofoper.
Čeština: Fotografie Gustava Mahlera ve foyer Vídeňské opery. Jde o studiový portét.
Photo: 1907.
Source: [1] (archive url) / [2]
Author: Moritz Nähr (1859–1945).
(Wikimedia Commons)

Born in Bohemia (then part of the Austrian Empire) to Jewish parents of humble origins, the German-speaking Mahler displayed his musical gifts at an early age. 

After graduating from the Vienna Conservatory in 1878, he held a succession of conducting posts of rising importance in the opera houses of Europe, culminating in his appointment in 1897 as director of the Vienna Court Opera (Hofoper). 

During his ten years in Vienna, Mahler — who had converted to Catholicism to secure the post — experienced regular opposition and hostility from the anti-Semitic press. 

Nevertheless, his innovative productions and insistence on the highest performance standards ensured his reputation as one of the greatest of opera conductors, particularly as an interpreter of the stage works of Wagner, Mozart, and Tchaikovsky. Late in his life he was briefly director of New York’s Metropolitan Opera and the New York Philharmonic.

Mahler's œuvre is relatively limited; for much of his life, composing was necessarily a part-time activity while he earned his living as a conductor. Aside from early works such as a movement from a piano quartet composed when he was a student in Vienna, Mahler’s works are generally designed for large orchestral forces, symphonic choruses and operatic soloists. 

These works were frequently controversial when first performed, and several were slow to receive critical and popular approval; exceptions included his Second Symphony, and the triumphant premiere of his Eighth Symphony in 1910. Some of Mahler’s immediate musical successors included the composers of the Second Viennese School, notably Arnold Schoenberg, Alban Berg and Anton Webern

Dmitri Shostakovich and Benjamin Britten are among Late-20th-Century composers who admired and were influenced by Mahler. The International Gustav Mahler Society was established in 1955 to honour the composer’s life and achievements.

Oh, Dear. Chauffeur Perkins Has Been Down To The Showrooms, Again. Take ’em Back, Perkins !!!

Chauffeur Perkins drives Zephyrinus to Sunday Mass 
in the current Charabanc, with which Perkins is not particularly enamoured.
Illustration: PINTEREST

Illustration: HYMAN LTD

1914 Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost Barker Landaulet.
Illustration: HYMAN LTD

Vestments Of Recusant England: The Peasecod Chasuble of Helen Of Wintour.

The Peasecod Chasuble.
Available on YouTube

Article, by SHAWN TRIBE, taken from, and can
be read in full at, LITURGICAL ARTS JOURNAL

Local Feasts: The Saturday Within The Octave Of The Sacred Heart. The Feast Of The Most Pure Heart Of The Blessed Virgin Mary.

The Immaculate Heart of Mary.
Artist: Leopold Kupelwieser (1796–1862).
Photo: 22 September 2013.
Source: Own work.
Author: Diana Ringo
(Wikimedia Commons)

Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless stated otherwise.

Saturday Within The Octave Of The Sacred Heart.       
   Feast Of The Most Pure Heart Of The Blessed Virgin Mary.

(Local Feasts. Feasts kept
in some Religious Congregations
and in some places).

White Vestments.

Mass: Omnis glória.
Creed: Is Said.
Preface: Of The Blessed Virgin Mary: Et te in festivitáte.

These are the characteristics of The Heart of Our Blessed Lady, which we set forth from the Texts of The Mass:

1.    All her holiness proceeds from her heart (Introit);

2.    Her grief, when she lost The Child Jesus in the Temple (Gospel);

3.    Her heart is filled with the love of God (Epistle, Secret, Communion);

4.    Mary’s heart is pure, therefore it is pleasing to God (Collect, Gradual);

5.    Her heart is courageous (Offertory);

6.    Mary’s intercession (Postcommunion).

Lugo Cathedral, Spain.

Lugo Cathedral, Spain.

Lugo Cathedral, Spain.

Saint Vincent De Paul. Confessor. Feast Day, Today, 19 July.

Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless stated otherwise.

Saint Vincent De Paul.
   Feast Day 19 July.


White Vestments.

Saint Vincent de Paul.
Artist: René de Cramer.
"Copyright Brunelmar/Ghent/Belgium".
Used with Permission.

Providence, ever watching over men with maternal solicitude, in the 17th-Century raised up Saint Vincent de Paul. He was filled with The Holy Spirit, Which had strengthened The Apostles, and he contributed abundantly to the evangelisation of The Poor and to the development of the Priestly virtues which are the glory of The Clergy (Collect).

He was born near Dax, France. When still a young Priest, he fell into the hands of Turkish pirates, who carried him to Africa. Having returned to France, he became, successively, a Parish Priest, and Grand Almoner of The Galley Slaves. Saint Francis de Sales entrusted to him later the Spiritual Direction of The Nuns of The Visitation.

Preaching especially to country people, he bound The Members of The Congregation he had Founded, under the Title of Priests of The Mission, or “Lazarists”, to undertake this Apostolic Work by a special Vow.

Teaching them to leave everything to follow Christ (Communion), he sent them to work in The Vineyard of God (Gospel) and to establish everywhere Seminaries in order to give good Priests to The People.

In order to help Poor People, Foundlings, Young Girls, whose virtue was exposed to danger, and others insane, invalided or sick, he Founded, in conjunction with Saint Louise de Marillac, The Congregation of The Sisters of Charity, which is now the most numerous and the most diffused throughout the World.

After a life which recalls the Apostolate of Saint Paul (Epistle), and which caused Pope Leo XIII to proclaim him The Special Patron of all Charitable Associations, Saint Vincent died in 1660, in Paris, France, at Saint Lazarus's, which was The Mother-House of his Congregation.

Let us beseech God that, following the example of Saint Vincent, whose pious merits we Venerate on this day (Collect), our hearts, like his, may be filled with Divine Charity.

Mass: Justus.

Thursday 18 July 2024

The Primatial Cathedral Of Saint Andrew Of Bordeaux, France. Cathédrale-Primatiale Saint-André de Bordeaux, France.

English: Bordeaux Cathedral.
Français: Cathédrale Saint-André de Bordeaux.
Photo: 5 June 2013.
Source: Own work.
Author: Orikrin1998
(Wikimedia Commons)

Text from Wikipedia - the free encyclopædia,
unless stated otherwise.

Bordeaux Cathedral, officially known as the Primatial Cathedral of Saint Andrew of Bordeaux (French: Cathédrale-Primatiale Saint-André de Bordeaux), is a Roman Catholic Church Dedicated to Saint Andrew and located in Bordeaux, France. It is the Seat of The Archbishop of Bordeaux.

In 1998, UNESCO designated the Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France as a World Heritage site, including the three main Churches of Bordeaux: The Basilica of Saint Severinus; The Basilica of Saint Michael; and the Cathedral of Saint Andrew.

A Church of Saint-André was first mentioned in Bordeaux in documents dating from 814 A.D., in the Carolingian period.

Bordeaux Cathedral.
Photo: 10 September 2018.
Source: Own work.
Author: Chabe01
(Wikimedia Commons)

This Church was probably part of group of Churches, including the Basilica of Saint Severinus of Bordeaux and Notre-Dame-de-la-Place, located in the old “Castrum”, or Roman fortified Town. It appears more officially in 1096 in a document from the Chancellery of Duke William IX of Aquitaine. In that year it was formally Consecrated by Pope Urban II.[1]

In the 11th- and 12th-Centuries, the Romanesque Church was engaged in long competition with its neighbouring Church, Saint Severinus of Bordeaux, to attract Pilgrims taking part in the Pilgrimage to Saint-Jacques de Compostelle.

Saint Severinus had what Bordeaux Cathedral did not, the remains of the companions of Saint Jacques (Saint James), as well as the “Olifant”, or Hunting Horn, of Roland, a Relic placed there by Charlemagne.

Bordeaux Cathedral.
English: Tympanum and Voussoirs.
The Royal Portal (1200–1250).
Français: Les voussures contiennent des anges , les deux registres horizontaux représentent le jugement dernier après la résurrection générale des morts.
Photo: 16 April 2008.
Source: Own work.
Author: Argentinensis
(Wikimedia Commons)

However, Saint André gradually gained influence and became the leading Church of Aquitaine. Until this time, it was under the jurisdiction of the Archbishop of Bourges Cathedral, but, under Pope Clement IV, Saint-André began reporting directly to Rome. It also took jurisdiction over Churches in Agen, Périgueux, Angoulême and Saintes.[1]

In 1137, the 13-year-old Eleanor of Aquitaine married the future Louis VII of France, in the Cathedral. A few months later, the King’s father died, and Eleanor became Queen of France. She later divorced and, in 1152, she married Henry II, and became Queen of England, and mother of King Richard the Lionheart and King John of England.

The Romanesque Church began construction before 1170, atop masonry from the earlier Carolingian Church. Its Nave seems to have had three rectangular Traverses, and an asymmetric Transept, with a plan of adding several Cupolas, similar to the Church of Saint Maurice in Angers.

Bordeaux Cathedral.
Available on YouTube at

At the beginning of the 13th-Century, it was decided to continue building the Cathedral following the new Gothic Style that had appeared at the end of the 12th-Century in the Ile-de-France. The old Sanctuary was demolished. Of the Romanesque Church, only a wall in the Nave remains.[1]

The transformation from Romanesque to French Gothic architecture took place during a long period when Aquitaine and Bordeaux were under the control of the English.[2]

It was assisted by the support of the Archbishop of Bordeaux, Bertrand de Goth, who, from 1305 until 1314, reigned over the Catholic Church as Pope Clement IV, and directed numerous donations and concessions to the new Cathedral.[1]

English: Bordeaux Cathedral.
The Chevet with its radiating Chapels.
Français: La cathédrale St-André de Bordeaux, France.
Photo: 31 July 2016.
Source: Own work.
(Wikimedia Commons)

The Choir of the new Cathedral was still under construction in 1320, when Bertrand Deschamps became the Master Builder. Construction of the Nave was greatly delayed by the outbreak of The Hundred Years’ War in 1337 between England and the Valois Kings of France.

The Plan of the Nave was reduced in scale from three vessels to a single vessel. Work continued principally on the decor. The construction of the Bell Tower, separate from the main building, began in 1440, but was not finished until 1500. Following an earthquake in 1427 that caused the collapse of parts of the City ramparts, Flying Buttresses were added to the outside of the Nave under Master Builder Imbert Boachon.[3]

In the 16th-Century, Renaissance decorative elements were added to the Gothic structure, including an ornamental Jubé, or Rood Screen, between the Choir and the Nave. It was taken down in 1806, but elements of it can now be seen on the Tribune of the Organ.

English: Stained-Glass Window, Bordeaux Cathedral.
The Axis Chapel. “Alpha and Omega”.
Deutsch: Kathedrale Saint-André in Bordeaux (Region Aquitanien, Frankreich), Fünfpassfenster, Darstellung: Gottvater, Alpha und Omega
Photo: 14 January 2013.
Source: Own work.
Author: GFreihalter
(Wikimedia Commons)

The 16th-Century saw the reconstruction of the Spires, but few changes in the Interior. Between 1772 and 1784, under Cardinal de Rohan, the Archbishop proposed giving the Archbishop’s Palace a classical façade. A fire in 1787 caused serious damage to the roof of the Choir and Transept.[3]

The Royal Wedding of Louis XIII and Anne of Austria, the daughter of King Philip II of Spain and Archduchess of Austria, took place in the Cathedral in 1615, cementing an alliance between Spain, Austria and France. It led in 1638 to the birth of Louis XIV of France.

During The French Revolution, the furniture and much of the decoration of the Cathedral was removed or vandalised. A portion of the Exterior sculpture, on the North Side, was hidden by the neighbouring buildings, and was spared.

English: Bordeaux Cathedral. The Nave with its decorative 16th-Century Lierne Vaults and the Pulpit on the Right.
Français: Bordeaux (France) : Cathédrale Saint-André - le grand orgue Danion-Gonzales.
Nederlands: Bordeaux (Frankrijk): 
kathedraal Saint-André - het Danion-Gonzales orgel.
Photo: 25 April 2016.
Source: Own work.
(Wikimedia Commons)

In March 1793, the building was officially nationalised, and transformed into a storage barn for the feed of military horses. The Nave was used in 1797 for political meetings and patriotic assemblies. The Tower was threatened with destruction, and most of the furniture was gone when the building was finally returned to The Catholic Church in 1798.[4]

A long series of renovations and reconstructions began in 1803 and continued throughout the Century. The most ambitious reconstructions were carried out by Paul Abadie, best known as the architect of the Basilica of Sacré-Cœur, in Paris, and a student of Eugène Viollet-le-Duc. The later constructions in front of the North Side of the Nave were removed in 1866, making that part of the Cathedral more visible.

In 1862, Abadie proposed to build new Sacristies to replace the old Cloister, much larger than the original Sacristies. Abadie’s plan was opposed by the Bordeaux archæologist Leo Drouyn, who felt that Abadie’s changes were based more on Abadie’s imagination of the Gothic Style than the historic reality of the original building.

English: Bordeaux Cathedral.
The Vaults of The Transept and Choir.
Français: Intérieur de la cathédrale métropolitaine 
Saint-André de Bordeaux (33). Voûtes de la dernière 
travée de nef, du transept et du chœur.
Photo: 22 October 2014.
Source: Own work.
Author: GO69
(Wikimedia Commons)

Drouyn insisted on a more strict recreation of the Mediæval Bordeaux Style. In the end, however, the version of Abadie prevailed.[5]

Restoration and reconstruction continued throughout the 20th-Century. The West Vaults of the Nave were strengthened between 1907 and 1909. The West Spire of the North Transept in 1943, and the East Tower in 1958.

The roofs of the Ambulatory and Chapels were finished in 1990, followed by work on the North-West Chapel, the Sacristy, and Axis Chapel, and the façades of the Transept.

In 1997 – 1998, the North Portal walls were cleaned of Centuries of grime and soot with lasers.[5]

Saint Symphorosa And Her Seven Sons. Martyrs. Feast Day 18 July.

Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless stated otherwise.

Saint Symphorosa And Her Seven Sons.
   Feast Day 18 July.


Red Vestments.

English: The Church of Saint Symphorosa,
Tivoli, Italy.
Français: L'église San Sinforosa de Tivoli Terme
Photo: 16 May 2010.
Source: Own work.
Permission: LPLT / Wikimedia Commons.
Author: LPLT
(Wikimedia Commons)

Saint Symphorosa of Tivoli, wife of the Martyr, Saint Getulus, was the mother of seven sons to whom she taught The Faith. Arrested at Tivoli, by order of The Emperor Adrian, she was hung up by the hair and then thrown into The River Teverone, with a stone tied to her neck.

All her children, stretched on stakes by means of pulleys, imitated her constancy and were Martyred about 125 A.D.

Mass: Clamavérunt justi.



Available (in U.K.) from

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Local Feasts: The Thursday Within The Octave Of The Sacred Heart. The Feast Of The Eucharistic Heart Of Jesus.

Illustration: LITURGY

Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless stated otherwise.

Thursday Within The Octave Of The Sacred Heart.     
   Feast Of The Eucharistic Heart Of Jesus.

(Local Feasts. Feasts kept
in some Religious Congregations
and in some places).

White Vestments.

Mass: Sciens Jesus.
Creed: Is Said.
Preface: Of The Sacred Heart.

The Holy Eucharist is the most manifest proof of Christ’s love for man. It is the love of God for His creatures stretched to its utmost limits.

It is the Memorial of The Passion.

It is the love of Christ in all His Mysteries applied every day to our Souls by Our Lord, Himself, really present all over the World.

We can understand, therefore, why The Church Venerates in a special manner The Sacred Heart in this manifestation of love which includes all others.

“The chief reason of this Feast,” which has a Proper Mass and Office, “is to Commemorate,” says the Decree of Institution (Benedict XV, 9 November 1921) “the love of Our Lord Jesus Christ in the Mystery of the Eucharist.

“ By this means, The Church wishes more and more to excite The Faithful to approach this Sacred Mystery with confidence, and to inflame their hearts with that Divine Charity which consumed The Sacred Heart of Jesus, when, in His infinite love, He instituted The Most Holy Eucharist, wherein The Divine Heart guards and loves them by living with them, as they live and abide in Him.

“For, in The Sacrament of The Holy Eucharist, He offers and gives Himself to us as Victim, Companion, Nourishment, Viaticum, and Pledge of our future glory.”

Catholic Holy Card
depicting The Sacred Heart of Jesus.
Date: 1880.
Auguste Martin collection,
University of Dayton Libraries.
Source: Turgis.
Author: Turgis.
(Wikimedia Commons)
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