Saint Paul-Without-The-Walls, Rome. Author: Herbert Weber, Hildesheim. Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence. Wikimedia Commons.

09 December 2021

Blasts From The Past.

 


“Together In Electric Dreams”.
Sung by: Philip Oakey.
Available on YouTube at

“Wind Beneath My Wings”.
Sung by: Bette Midler.
Available on YouTube at


“Eternal Flame”.
Sung by: The Bangles.
Available on YouTube at


“The Way We Were”.
Sung by: Barbra Streisand.
Available on YouTube at


“Have I Told You Lately That I Love You”.
Sung by: Rod Stewart.
Available on YouTube at


“The Prayer”.
Sung by: Andrea Bocelli and Céline Dion.
Available on YouTube at

Zephyrinus’s New Fridge Has Arrived !!! Perkins (Chauffeur) And Jeeves (Butler) Are Threatening To Leave.



Illustration: PINTEREST

A Liturgical Note On The Season Of Advent.



Christmas Services at Gloucester Cathedral.
Available at


The following Text is from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless stated otherwise.

In the 5th-Century A.D., the opening date of The Ecclesiastical Year was The Feast of The Annunciation which, originally kept in March, was later transferred to December.

“Following what is the practice elsewhere,”, says The Council of Toledo in 665 A.D., “The Annunciation will be kept throughout Spain on 18 December, since, at present, it often falls in Lent or at Easter.”

In the 10th-Century A.D., The Ecclesiastical Year began on The First Sunday of Advent, some weeks before Christmas.

As early as 380 A.D., a Council of Saragossa decreed an eight days' Preparation for Christmas.


At The Council of Tours (563 A.D.), Advent is referred to as: “A Liturgical Period having its own Proper Rites and Forms”.

In The Nestorian Liturgy (6th Century A.D.), Advent lasted for four Sundays, called “Sundays of The Annunciation”, and, in The Ambrosian Liturgy and The Mozarabic Liturgy, six Sundays were reckoned.

In The Roman Liturgy, we find that, at first, Advent lasted five weeks [The Collect and Gospel of The Last Sunday After Pentecost (at a certain time the first of The Five Advent Sundays) have kept much of the character of this Season].


At present, The Roman Liturgy includes four Sundays: The First Sunday of Advent is always the Sunday next to Saint Andrew's Feast Day, which is kept on 30 November.

The joy of beholding the speedy coming of Christ is one of the dominant notes of Advent; restrained, at first, but quickly taking free course and rising to the fervour of The Christmas Spirit. At the same time, the thought of The Purification of Souls, closely connected with that of the return of Christ, occurs at this time, on every page of The Breviary and The Missal.

Hymns, choice of Psalms, the Preaching of The Prophets and of The Forerunner of Christ, The Collects of The Four Sundays, the oft-repeated Versicle: “Rectas fácite sémitas ejus,” [“Make straight His paths”]; all these speak of the necessity of preparing our Souls for the approach of Our Redeemer in His twofold coming.


“Do Penance,” said Our Lord, “for The Kingdom of Heaven is at hand” [Antiphon, Ben., Monday, Fourth Week in Advent].

In The Middle Ages, a Fast was prescribed during Advent, known as “The Christmas Lent”, when it was even the custom to veil images, as at Passiontide. In our times, Purple Vestments are still used, as in Lent, and the “Benedicamus Domino” replaces the “Ite Missa Est”.


During Advent, the Antiphon “Alma Redemptoris Mater” is sung with its accompanying Versicle “Angelus Domini”, while The Second Prayer is The Collect of The Mass “De Beata”, chosen on account of the part played by Our Lady in The Mystery of The Incarnation with which, for the time being, The Church is concerned.

For the present, we hear no more the “Gloria in Excelsis”, for that is The Angels' song of The Nativity, and this new Ecclesiastical Year, just beginning, it is at Christmas that it must be heard for the first time.

The Second Day Within The Octave Of The Immaculate Conception. 9 December.


Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless stated otherwise.

The Second Day Within The Octave Of The Immaculate Conception.
   9 December.

Semi-Double.

White Vestments.


The Immaculate Conception.
Artist: Anonymous.
Date: 17th-Century.
Current location: Museo Carmen Thyssen, Malaga, Spain.
Source: http://www.carmenthyssenmalaga.org/
Author: Anonymous.
(Wikimedia Commons)

The Church prolongs within eight days The Feast of Mary's Victory over the devil and repeats The Mass Celebrated yesterday.

The most important Feasts of The Virgin are The Assumption and The Immaculate Conception, both of The First Class and both with an Octave.

That is why each day The Creed is Said or Sung, that Profession of Faith fixed at The Council of Constantinople, which was only Chanted when the attendance in Church was very large.

Let us prepare for The Birth of Christ, in our hearts, by adorning them with a little of His Mother's Purity.

Mass: As on The Feast of The Immaculate Conception.
Second Collect: Of The Feria.
Third Collect: Of The Holy Ghost.
Creed: Is Said or Sung.
Preface: Of The Blessed Virgin Mary.

08 December 2021

A Sung Votive Mass (Rorate Cæli) Of The Blessed Virgin Mary. At The Church Of Our Lady Of Lourdes, Philadelphia. To Be Celebrated On Saturday, 11 December 2021, At 0615 hrs.


Some Magnificent Cathedrals In France.


 

Some magnificent Cathedrals in France.
Available on YouTube at

The Immaculate Conception Of The Blessed Virgin Mary. Feast Day 8 December.


Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless otherwise stated.


Image: SHUTTERSTOCK

The Immaculate Conception of The Blessed Virgin Mary.
   Feast Day 8 December.

Double of The First-Class
   with an Octave.

White Vestments.



The Immaculate Conception.
Artist: René de Cramer.
“Copyright Brunelmar/Ghent/Belgium”.
Used with Permission.


Feast of The Immaculate Conception
of The Blessed Virgin Mary.
Available on YouTube at

Having decided, from all Eternity, to make Mary The Mother of The Incarnate Word (Epistle), God willed that she should crush the head of the serpent from the moment of her Conception.

He covered her "with a Mantle of Holiness" (Introit) and, "preserving her Soul from all stain, He made her a worthy dwelling place for His Son" (Collect).


The Feast of The "Conception" of The Virgin was: From the 8th-Century A.D., Celebrated in The East on 9 December; from the 9th-Century A.D., in Ireland, on 3 May; and, in the 11th-Century, in England, on 8 December.

The Benedictines, with Saint Anselm, and The Franciscans, with Duns Scotus (1308), favoured The Feast of The "Immaculate Conception," which, in 1128, was kept in Anglo-Saxon Monasteries.


Feast of The Immaculate Conception
of The Blessed Virgin Mary.
Available on YouTube at


In the 15th-Century, Pope Sixtus IV, a Franciscan, erected, at The Vatican, The Sixtine (Sistine) Chapel in honour of The Conception of The Virgin. And, on 8 December 1854, Blessed Pope Pius IX officially proclaimed this great Dogma, making himself the mouthpiece of all the Christian Tradition summed up in the words of the Angel: “Hail Mary, full of Grace, The Lord is with thee, Blessed art thou among women” (Gospel). “Thou art all beautiful, O Mary, and the original stain is not in thee”, says, in truth, the Alleluia Verse.

Like the Dawn, which announces the day, Mary precedes The Sun of Justice, which will soon illumine The World of Souls. Bringing to us her Son, it is she who first appears in The Liturgical Cycle.


Let us ask God “to heal us and to deliver us from all our sins” (Secret, Postcommunion) in order that, by the Graces which specially belong to The Feast of The “Immaculate”, we may become more worthy of receiving Jesus in our hearts when He comes into them on 25 December.

Every Parish Priest Celebrates Mass for the people of his Parish.

Mass: Gaudens gaudébo.
Commemoration: Of The Feria.
Creed: Is said.
Preface: Of The Blessed Virgin: Et te in Conceptióne Immaculáta, which is said during The Octave.





THE SAINT ANDREW DAILY MISSAL







THE SAINT ANDREW DAILY MISSAL

Available (in U.K.) from

Available (in U.S.A.) from

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SILVERSTREAM PRIORY





“ What Is The Immaculate Conception ? ”

 


“ What Is The Immaculate Conception ? ”
Available on YouTube at

07 December 2021

The Vigil Of The Immaculate Conception Of The Blessed Virgin Mary. 7 December.


Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless otherwise stated.

The Vigil of The Immaculate Conception of The Blessed Virgin Mary.
   7 December.

Violet Vestments.



"I Am The Immaculate Conception".
"Ego Sum Immaculata Conceptio".
Author: Lawrence OP on FLICKR
Illustration: PINTEREST


Satan Has No Creativity.
The Vigil Of
The Immaculate Conception
Of The Blessed Virgin Mary.
Available on YouTube at


The Carthusian Office Of Vigils.
Available on YouTube at


The following Text is from Lawrence OP on FLICKR

Our Lady of Lourdes.

In 1858, The Immaculate Virgin Mary appeared to Bernadette Soubirous, near Lourdes, in France, in the cavern called “de Massabielle.” When asked to describe The Lady of The Vision, Bernadette said:
“She has the appearance of a young girl of sixteen or seventeen. She is dressed in a White Robe, girdled at the waist with a Blue Ribbon, which flows down all along Her Robe. She wears upon Her head a Veil, which is also White; this Veil gives just a glimpse of Her hair and then falls down at the back below Her waist. Her feet are bare, but covered by the last folds of Her Robe, except at the point where a Yellow Rose shines upon each of them. She holds on Her right arm a Rosary of White Beads with a Chain of Gold, shining like the two Roses on Her feet.”
This Stained-Glass Window of Our Lady of Lourdes (see, below) is in Llandudno Catholic Church, Wales.



The following Text is from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal.

This Vigil was, in 1879, extended by Pope Leo XIII to the whole Church.

Let us, on this day, ask The Immaculate Virgin to purify our hearts still more for tomorrow's Solemnity (Collect).

Mass: Veníte audíte.
The Gloria is not said.
Second Collect: Of The Feria.
Third Collect: Of The Holy Ghost.
Preface: Common Preface.

Saint Ambrose. Bishop. Confessor. Doctor Of The Church. Feast Day 7 December.


Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless otherwise stated.

Saint Ambrose.
   Bishop.
   Confessor.
   Doctor of The Church.
   Feast Day 7 December.

Double.

White Vestments.
Saint Ambrose, born at Treves (Trier, Germany) towards 335 A.D., was one of The Four Great Doctors of The Latin Church [Editor: The Four Great Doctors of The Latin Church are: Saint Ambrose; Saint Gregory the Great; Saint Augustine; Saint Jerome]. When he was still in his cradle, some bees settled in his mouth, as if to make honey there, presaging his future great eloquence.

While he was Governor of Milan, Ambrose was providently chosen as Bishop by the voice of a child, and he became the indefatigable Preacher mentioned in the Epistle and Gospel.


Saint Ambrose.
Available on YouTube at

He opposed the heretics, humbled the Emperor Theodosius, and brought into The Church Saint Augustine, whose Conversion was worth that of entire Kingdoms. He enriched The Divine Office with Sacred Hymns, to be Chanted by the whole Congregation. The Milanese Liturgy is still known as The Ambrosian Rite.

This great Bishop died in 397 A.D., during the night of Saturday in Holy Week, after having received The Adorable Body of Jesus, Who received him into Eternal Beatitude.

Like Ambrose, let us always, with gentle firmness, maintain God's Rights.

Mass: In médio.
Commemoration: Of The Feria.
Commemoration: Of The Vigil of The Immaculate Conception of The Blessed Virgin Mary.
Last Gospel: Of The Vigil of The Immaculate Conception of The Blessed Virgin Mary.

06 December 2021

Zephyrinus Has Been Invited To Spend Christmas With Friends In Scotland. He’s Travelling On The Caledonian Railway.



Illustration: PINTEREST

Live Transmission Of The Divine Sung Holy Mass For The Feast Of The Immaculate Conception. Sainte Messe De La Fête De L'Immaculée Conception. On Wednesday, 8 December 2021.


The Divine Sung Holy Mass
For The Feast Of The Immaculate Conception.
Sainte Messe De La Fête De L'Immaculée Conception.
8 December 2021.
Available (Live) on YouTube at

A Live Transmission of The Divine Sung Holy Mass
For The Feast Of The Immaculate Conception
is available on Wednesday, 8 December 2021,
from The Church of Saint-Eugène - Sainte Cécile, Paris,
at
1900 hrs Paris (Central European Time) (CET)
1800 hrs London (Greenwich Mean Time) (GMT)
1300 hrs New York (Eastern Standard Time) (EST)
1200 hrs Chicago (Central Standard Time) (CST).

Saint Nicholas. Bishop And Confessor. Feast Day, Today, 6 December.


Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless stated otherwise.

Saint Nicholas.
   Bishop And Confessor.
   Feast Day 6 December.

Double.

White Vestments.


Cymraeg: Llyfr Llyfr Oriau 'De Grey'.
English: Saint Nicholas, depicted in a Mediæval Book of Hours,
probably written for The De Grey family, of Ruthin, Wales, circa.1390.
Source/Photographer:
Author: Unknown.
(Wikimedia Commons)


Having become Archbishop of Myra, the wants of his flock were the first object of his Pastoral care. He took part in The Council of Nicea, which condemned Arianism.

Putting to profit the talents of which the Gospel speaks, he practiced both Spiritual and Temporal Works of Mercy, as when he discreetly threw Alms in at a window to save the honour of three young girls, an act still commemorated, nowadays, in Santa Claus, when the children thank Saint Nicholas for presents found on the hearth.

He died in 324 A.D. His Relics are preserved at Bari, Italy.

Let us help our neighbour in his Spiritual and Temporal needs.

Mass: Státuit.
Commemoration: Of The Feria.

05 December 2021

Christmas Services at Gloucester Cathedral.



Christmas Services at Gloucester Cathedral.
Available at

Christmas Services At Durham Cathedral.



Illustration: DURHAM CATHEDRAL

Christmas Services
at Durham Cathedral
can be found HERE

Saint Sabbas. Abbot. Feast Day 5 December.


Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless stated otherwise.

Saint Sabbas.
   Abbot.
   Feast Day 5 December.

Simple.

White Vestments.


The Relics of Saint Sabbas in the Catholicon
(Main Church) of Mar Saba Monastery, West Bank.
Photo: 21 January 2008.
Source: Own work.
Author: adriatikus.
(Wikimedia Commons)



He organised Monastic Communities in Palestine and Founded, among others, the Celebrated Monastery which bears his name.

He died 531 A.D. at the age of ninety-four.

Mass: Os justi: (Of Abbots).
Commemoration: Of Saint Sabbas, in The Ferial Mass, by the Collects
   from the Mass: Os justi: (Of Abbots).

04 December 2021

Saint Barbara. Virgin And Martyr. Feast Day, Today, 4 December.


Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless stated otherwise.

Saint Barbara.
   Virgin And Martyr.
   Feast Day 4 December.

Simple.

Red Vestments.


Saint Barbara Altarpiece.
Artist: Wilhelm Kalteysen (1420–1496).
Date: 1447.
Note: Painted for Saint Barbara's Church, Wrocław, Poland
(today an Orthodox Church).
Initially a Polyptych. The Wings were lost during World War II.
Source/Photographer: GOOGLE ARTS AND CULTURE
(Wikimedia Commons)

Saint Barbara died in Asia Minor about 235 A.D. She is included in "The Fourteen Auxiliary Saints".

Mass: Loquébar.


Pictures of Front and Back of Order of Saint Barbara Medallion,
Patron Saint of Artillerymen.
Photo: 29 December 2007.
Source: Own work.
(Wikimedia Commons)


Saint Barbara.
Available on YouTube at

The following Text is from Wikipedia - the free encyclopædia.

Saint Barbara (Greek: Αγία Βαρβάρα, Coptic: Ϯⲁⲅⲓⲁ Ⲃⲁⲣⲃⲁⲣⲁ), whose Feast Day is 4 December, known in The Eastern Orthodox Church as The Great Martyr Barbara, was an Early-Christian Greek Saint and Martyr. Accounts place her in the 3rd-Century A.D. in Heliopolis, Syria, present-day Baalbek, Lebanon.

There is no reference to her in the authentic Early-Christian writings, nor in the original Recension of Saint Jerome's Martyrology. Her name can be traced to the 7th-Century A.D., and Veneration of her was common, especially in The East, from the 9th-Century A.D.

Because of doubts about the historicity of her legend, she was removed from The General Roman Calendar in The 1969 Revision, though not from The Catholic Church's List of Saints.

Saint Barbara is often portrayed with miniature Chains and a Tower. As one of The Fourteen Holy Helpers, Barbara continues to be a popular Saint in modern times, perhaps best known as The Patron Saint of Armourers, Artillerymen, Military Engineers, Miners, and others who work with Explosives, because of her old legend's association with Lightning, and also of Mathematicians.

Many of the thirteen Miracles in a 15th-Century French version of her story turn on the security she offered, that her devotees would not die without making Confession and receiving Extreme Unction.

Saint Peter Chrysologus. Bishop. Confessor. Doctor Of The Church. Feast Day 4 December.


Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless stated otherwise.

Saint Peter Chrysologus.
   Bishop.
   Confessor.
   Doctor Of The Church.
   Feast Day 4 December.

Double.

White Vestments.


Saint Peter Chrysologus.
Artist: School of Guercino.
Date: 17th-Century.
Source/Photographer: it.wikipedia.org
Collection: Diocesan Museum Blessed Pope Pius IX, Imola, Italy.
(Wikimedia Commons)


Saint Peter Chrysologus gained the name Chrysologus, which means "Speech of Gold", by his great eloquence. As The Collect reminds us, his promotion to The See of Ravenna (433 A.D.), owing to an apparition of the Apostle Saint Peter to Pope Sixtus III, was miraculous.

"You are The Salt of The Earth . . . and The Light of The World," says the Gospel. "Preach The Word; be instant in Season, out of Season; reprove, entreat, rebuke . . . do the work of an Evangelist," continues the Epistle.

That was what Saint Peter Chrysologus did: He composed more than one hundred and sixty Homilies, full of learning, which earned him the Title of Doctor of The Church.

It was he who wrote this well-known saying: "He who amuses himself with Satan cannot rejoice with Christ."

He died at Imola in 450 A.D.

Let us listen lovingly to The Word of God.

Mass: In médio.
Commemoration: Of The Feria.
Commemoration: Of Saint Barbara.


The following Text is form Wikipedia - the free encyclopædia.

Peter Chrysologus (Greek: Ἅγιος Πέτρος ὁ Χρυσολόγος, Petros Chrysologos, meaning Peter The "Golden-Worded") (circa 380 A.D. – circa 450 A.D.), was Bishop of Ravenna from about 433 A.D. until his death. He is known as "The Doctor of Homilies” for the concise, but theologically rich, reflections that he delivered during his time as The Bishop of Ravenna.

He is revered as a Saint by The Roman Catholic Church and The Eastern Orthodox Church; he was declared a Doctor of The Church by Pope Benedict XIII in 1729.

03 December 2021

Saint Francis Xavier. Confessor. Whose Feast Day Is, Today, 3 December.


Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless stated otherwise.

Saint Francis Xavier.
   Confessor.
   Feast Day 3 December.

Greater-Double.

White Vestments.


Statue of Saint Francis Xavier,
Saint Francis Xavier Catholic Church,
Superior, Wisconsin, United States of America.
Photo: 20 April 2015.
Source: Own work.
Author: Billertl
(Wikimedia Commons)

Saint Francis Xavier (1506-1552), was touched, after a long resistance, by the words constantly repeated to him by Saint Ignatius Loyola: "What does it profit a man if he gains the whole World, and suffers the loss of his own Soul ?" He then became one of Saint Ignatius' most zealous fellow-workers in the newly-formed Society of Jesus (The Jesuits).

"Go ye into the whole World, and Preach the Gospel to every creature," says the Gospel. "Their sound hath gone forth into all the Earth, and their words unto the ends of the whole World," adds the Epistle.

This was the programme of the whole life of Saint Francis Xavier," whose Preaching and Miracles added to The Church the Nations of The Indies" (Collect). He Preached the Gospel there, and in Japan, to more than fifty Kingdoms, and converted innumerable pagans.

Let us share in the Apostolic zeal of this Saint, who has earned the glorious Title of Patron of The Propagation of The Faith; and let us help this work with our Prayers and our Alms.

Mass: Loquébar.
Commemoration: Of The Feria.


Saint Francis Xavier.
The Patron Saint of Missionaries.
Available on YouTube at

The following Text is from Wikipedia - the free encyclopædia.

Saint Francis Xavier, S.J. (who was born Francisco de Jasso y Azpilicueta,
7 April 1506 - 3 December 1552), was a Navarrese-Basque Roman Catholic Missionary, born in Javier (Xavier in Navarro-Aragonese or Xabier in Basque), Kingdom of Navarre (now part of Spain), and a co-founder of The Society of Jesus. He was a companion of Saint Ignatius of Loyola and one of the first seven Jesuits who took vows of Poverty and Chastity at Montmartre, Paris in 1534.

He led an extensive Mission into Asia, mainly in The Portuguese Empire of the time, and was influential in Evangelisation work, most notably in India. He also was the first Christian Missionary to venture into Japan, Borneo, The Maluku Islands, and other areas. In those areas, struggling to learn the local languages and in the face of opposition, he had less success than he had enjoyed in India. Xavier was about to extend his Missionary Preaching to China, but died in Shangchuan Island shortly before he could do so.


Saint Francis Xavier Catholic Church,
Superior, Wisconsin, United States of America.

He was Beatified by Pope Saint Paul V on 25 October 1619 and was Canonised by Pope Gregory XV on 12 March 1622. In 1624, he was made Co-Patron of Navarre, Spain. Known as "The Apostle of The Indies," and "The Apostle of Japan", he is considered to be one of the greatest Missionaries since Saint Paul.

In 1927, Pope Pius XI published the Decree "Apostolicorum in Missionibus", naming Saint Francis Xavier, along with Saint Thérèse of Lisieux, Co-Patron of all Foreign Missions. He is now Co-Patron Saint of Navarre, Spain, with San Fermin. The Day of Navarre (Día de Navarra) marks the Anniversary of Saint Francis Xavier's death, on 3 December 1552.

02 December 2021

Basilique Notre-Dame De Fourvière, Lyon, France. “The Upside-Down Elephant”.



Basilica of Notre-Dame de Fourvière,
Lyon, France. 


The following Text is from Wikipedia - the free encyclopædia,
unless stated otherwise.

The Basilica of Notre-Dame de Fourvière (French: Basilique Notre-Dame de Fourvière) is a Minor Basilica in Lyon, France. It was built with private funds between 1872 and 1896 in a dominant position overlooking the City. The site it occupies was once the Roman Forum of Trajan, (Latin: “Forum Vetus”) (Old Forum), thus its name (as an inverted corruption of the French Vieux-Forum).

Fourvière is dedicated to The Virgin Mary, to whom is attributed the salvation of the City of Lyon from The Bubonic Plague that swept Europe in 1643.[1]

Each year in early December (8 December, Feast Day of The Immaculate Conception), Lyon thanks The Blessed Virgin for saving the City, by lighting candles throughout the City, in what is called the Fête des Lumières, or, The Festival of Lights.[2]



Basilique Notre-Dame De Fourvière, Lyon, France.
“The Upside-Down Elephant”.
Available on YouTube at

The Virgin is also credited with saving the City a number of other times, such as from a Cholera epidemic in 1832, and from Prussian invasion in 1870.[1]

During The Franco-Prussian War (1870–1871), Prussian forces, having taken Paris, were progressing South towards Lyon. Their halt and retreat were, once again, attributed by The Church to the Intercession of The Virgin Mary.

Speculating on the reasons for the construction of such an elaborate and expensive building, one author makes the statement that: "The reaction to the communes of Paris and Lyon were triumphalist monuments, The Sacré-Coeur of Montmartre and The Basilica of Fourvière, dominating both Cities. These buildings were erected with private funds, as gigantic “Ex-Votos”, to thank God for victory over the Socialists and in expiation of the sins of modern France."[3]


Perched on top of the Fourvière hill, the Basilica looms impressively over the City of Lyon, from where it can be seen from many vantage points; not unintentionally, the Basilica of Fourvière has become a symbol of the City.

The Basilica, which offers guided tours and contains a Museum of Sacred Art, receives two million visitors annually.[2] At certain times, members of the public may access the Basilica's North Tower for a spectacular 180-degree view of Lyon and its suburbs. On a clear day, Mont Blanc, the highest point in Europe, can be seen in the distance.[2]

The design of the Basilica, by Pierre Bossan, draws from both Romanesque and Byzantine Architecture, two non-Gothic models that were unusual choices at the time. It has four main Towers, and a Bell-Tower topped with a gilded statue of The Virgin Mary. It features fine Mosaics, superb Stained-Glass Windows,[4] and a Crypt of Saint Joseph.


Fourvière actually contains two Churches, one on top of the other. The Upper Sanctuary is very ornate, while the Lower Sanctuary is a much simpler design. Work on the triumphant Basilica was begun in 1872 and finished in 1884. Finishing touches in the Interior were not completed until as late as 1964.

Bossan's first sketches for the Basilica seem to date from 1846. At the time he was in Palermo, Sicily.[5]

The Basilica has acquired the local nickname of "The Upside-Down Elephant", because the building looks like the body of an Elephant and the four Towers look like its legs.[6]

Les Petits Chanteurs de Saint-Marc, The Children's Choir of Saint Mark, is the official Choir of the Basilica. This Choir became well-known after the release of the film, Les Choristes. The Choir's Director is Monsieur Nicolas Porte.


Since 1982, the Tower has housed the Antennæ of Radio Fourvière, the predecessor of Radios Chrétiennes Francophones.

Fourvière has always been a popular place of Pilgrimage. There has been a Shrine at Fourvière, dedicated to Our Lady, since 1170. The Chapel and parts of the building have been rebuilt at different times over the Centuries, the most recent major works being in 1852 when the former Steeple was replaced by a Tower, surmounted by a Golden Statue of The Virgin Mary, sculpted by Joseph-Hugues Fabisch (1812–1886).[6]

On 23 July 1816, twelve Marist aspirants, Priests and Seminarians, climbed the hill to The Shrine of Our Lady of Fourvière, and placed their promise to Found The Society of Mary (Marists), under the Corporal on The Altar, while Fr. Jean-Claude Courveille, the first Superior-General of The Marists, Celebrated Mass.[7]


On 30 September 1821, Fr. André Coindre and ten others made Private Vows in the Chapel there, thus Founding The Fratres a Sacratissimo Corde Iesu (The Brothers of The Sacred Heart), a Roman Catholic Religious Community, primarily devoted to the education of the young.[8]

On 21 January 1851, Fr. Peter Julian Eymard Prayed at The Shrine of Our Lady of Fourvière and was inspired to Found The Congregation of The Blessed Sacrament.[9]

When the City of Lyon was spared in The Franco-Prussian War (1870), the community committed to build the present Basilica alongside the ancient Chapel.[6]

Saint Bibiana. Virgin And Martyr. Feast Day, Today, 2 December.


Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless stated otherwise.

Saint Bibiana.
   Virgin And Martyr.
   Feast Day 2 December.

Semi-Double.

Red Vestments.


Saint Bibiana,
by Gian Lorenzo Bernini.
Church of Santa Bibiana, Rome.
Photo: 30 August 2013.
Source: WikiPaintings
Author: WikiPaintings
(Wikimedia Commons)

Saint Bibiana was born in Rome of a noble Christian family; and, as the Collect tells us, in her the Flower of Virginity was united with the Palm of Martyrdom.

A wise and prudent Virgin (Gradual), she was less afraid of the loss of all her goods and of her sufferings of imprisonment, than of the loss of that Hidden Treasure or that Pearl of Great Price, of which the Gospel speaks.

When delivered to the caresses and flattery off her jailer, Rufinus, who strove to pervert her, she called upon The Lord, Who saved her from destruction (Epistle).

Rufinus then had recourse to violence, but with no greater success. Seeing which, the enraged Governor of Rome ordered that Bibiana should be tied to a Column, and beaten to death with thongs loaded with lead (363 A.D.) The Basilica of Saint Mary Major was built over her tomb.

Mass: Me exspectavérunt, of The Common of Virgins.


Church of Saint Bibiana, Rome.
Illustration: WINE TRIPPING
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