The Cloisters. Basilica Of Saint Paul-Without-The-Walls, Rome. Author: Dnalor 01. Licence (CC-BY-SA 3.0). Wikimedia Commons.

Friday, 29 May 2020

Why Are Bishops Ignoring The Instructions, Of Vatican II And Four Popes, To Ensure That Latin Is Taught In Seminaries ? No Doubt, Bishops Will Shortly Give A Reason. Won't Be Long, Now. We're Waiting. Shouldn't Be Long, Now. Still Waiting . . .

The Introit for The Mass for Saint Margaret, Virgin and Martyr, on 20 July, from Zephyrinus's Missale Romanum (dated 1861), which was kindly given by a Priest friend. Readers have to decide whether this Liturgical presentation has more Sanctity, Profundity, and Worth, than what is often on offer in today's "Missalettes".
Mass: Me exspectavérunt.
Illustration: ZEPHYRINUS

This Article is taken from, and can be read in full at,

Variis linguis loquebantur Apostoli . . .

. . . but among the many tongues The Church speaks nowadays, Latin, the proper language of The Latin Church, apparently is not to feature. We are preparing for The Liturgical Celebration of Pentecost, the bestowing upon The Church of “The Gifts of Tongues”.

Yet, the language most securely fixed into place by Tradition, and by the enactments of Popes and Councils, Latin, has had a gag rudely thrust into its mouth by The Enemy and by those whom he has corrupted. It is difficult to avoid a conclusion that The Bishops, as a body, are largely the guilty men.

I have noticed, over the years, three or four occasions when a Bishop, perhaps when asked to provide a Celebrant for The Extraordinary Form, has cheerfully informed the World that not many Clergy know Latin. nowadays, so that it’s hard for him to find someone who can Celebrate The Extraordinary Form.

I am amazed by the nonchalant and shame-free way that Bishops make this revelation, without any apparent awareness that Canon Law (249) requires The Clergy to be proficient in Latin. If a Diocesan Bishop were rebuking a cheeky young Curate for ignoring Canon Law, what would be his reaction if The Junior Cleric cheerfully (and nonchalantly) said: “Come off it, “Bish, dear”, nobody takes any notice of all that old Canonical C**p any more, nowadays !!! Crawl out from under your poncy Mitre and try to get real !!!”

But, apparently, there are Bishops who feel exactly this same disdainful contempt with regard to Canon Law. Is chirpy insouciance, combined with dereliction of duty, any less reprehensible when expressed in po-faced management-talk by self-important Bishops than it would be among lowly and racy Presbyters ?

I am moved to repeat the actual Teaching of The Conciliar and Post-Conciliar Popes on this highly-important matter.


Roman Pontiffs do not commonly sign their Magisterial documents on The High Altar of Saint Peter's in the presence of The Body of Cardinals. But Saint John XXIII thus promulgated his Apostolic Constitution “Veterum Sapientia”, 1962, in which he insisted that the Latin language must remain central to the culture of Western Christianity. What on Earth could the good old gentleman have done in order to make his point more emphatically ?

That Letter was praised by Saint Paul VI (“Studia Latinitatis, 1964", . . . principem obtinere locum dicenda sane est”), who was anxious that Seminarians “magna cum cura et diligentia ad antiquas et humanas litteras informentur”; and Saint John Paul II (“Sapientia Christiana”) emphasised the requirement for knowledge of Latin “for the faculties of The Sacred Sciences, so that Students can understand and use the sources and documents of The Church”.

Benedict XVI (“Latina Lingua, 2012”), praised “Veterum Sapientia” as having been issued iure meritoque: it is to be taken seriously both because of its legal force and because of the intrinsic merit of its arguments; and, in his Encyclical “Sacramentum Caritatis”, wrote specifically about the need for Seminarians to be taught Latin.

We have, in other words, a coherent and continuous expectation in the teaching of Popes Saint John XXIII, Saint Paul VI, Saint John Paul II, and Benedict XVI, that all Seminarians should become proficient in Latin, the Language of The Church. [So let nobody argue that the provisions of Canon 249 have fallen into desuetude because the legislator has failed within living memory to continue to insist upon them.] And the attitude of the Popes, to the promotion of Latin studies in even broader contexts than that of the formation of the Clergy, is demonstrated in the establishment by Saint Paul VI of a Latin Academy; a Foundation re-established and strengthened by Benedict XVI.

This Papal Teaching by no means relates solely to the language of Worship; it desires Latin to remain a living vernacular for the Clergy and not least for their formation; and it is explicitly based upon the belief that, by being Latinate, a Clerisy will have access to a continuity of culture. My post would have to be very long indeed if it quoted fully all the words of all four Popes to this effect.

Coming as I do from the Anglican Patrimony, I will instead share the witness of C S Lewis's Devil Screwtape, who confessed: “Since we cannot deceive the whole human race all the time, it is most important thus to cut every generation off from all others; for, where learning makes a free commerce between the ages, there is always the danger that the characteristic errors of one may be corrected by the characteristic truths of another”.

And, in his “Pilgrim's Regress”, Lewis suggests that the growing disuse of Classical Languages is a Diabolical trick to isolate the educated classes from the wisdom of the Past. Both in secular culture and within The Church, there is a risk that the educated class will be cut off and imprisoned in the narrow confines of a particular culture - victims of its particular Zeitgeist. A literate Clerisy is one that reads what other ages wrote, which means that it will at least be able to read Latin; and an obvious sign of such a Clerisy, in practical terms, will be that it can with ease say its Divine Office in Latin.

VATICAN II and Latin.

It is in this context that we must see the requirement of Vatican II (Sacrosanctum Concilium 101): “In accordance with the Centuries-old Tradition (saecularis traditio) of the Latin rite, the Latin language is to be retained by Clerics in reciting The Divine Office”.

And it is highly significant that it goes on to make any use of the vernacular an (apparently very rare) exception, which Bishops can grant “only on an individual basis”. One might plausibly surmise that this exception may have been envisaged as useful in areas where resources for Clerical formation were limited, like the remoter parts of the 1960s Third World.

I wonder how The Council Fathers - or a significant proportion of them - might have reacted to the information that in less than a decade the Bishops of Western, Old, Europe (whose culture, both religious and secular, had been based upon Latin for nearly two millennia, the Continent of the great universities in which the civilisation of The Greek and Roman Worlds had been transmitted) would regard both this Conciliar mandate, reinforced by the directions of the Conciliar Decree “Optatam Totius” on Seminary Training, as an irrelevant dead letter. As early as 1966, Saint Paul VI was deploring (“Sacrificium Laudis”) the habit of requesting dispensations for a vernacular Office.

Readers of this Blog [Editor: FR HUNWICKE'S MUTUAL ENRICHMENT] are probably familiar * with the other prescriptions of Vatican II for the retention of Latin, particularly in The Liturgy, and I will not labour the point. I emphasise that I am not basing an argument for the retention of a living Latin culture simply and nakedly upon the words of The Council. The auctoritas for that retention is very much more broadly based, as the Council Fathers themselves emphasised by calling it and invoking it as a “sæcularis traditio”.

The conciliar mandate is merely a dutiful affirmation, proper to an Ecumenical Council of The Church, of the continuity and abiding prescriptiveness of The Church's Tradition; the guarantee making explicit that in an age of revolutions the old assumptions are still in place. Without these words of The Council, it might have been plausibly argued by ill-disposed persons that a radical cultural and intellectual shift had invalidated previous assumptions.

In view of the plain language of The Council, such a thesis can only be advanced as a deliberate repudiation of the explicit words of an Ecumenical Council . . . as well as of the Centuries preceding it and of the Teaching of subsequent Popes.

CANON LAW and Latin.

But, not long ago, I met a bright and recently-Ordained young Priest who had been taught “a little Greek, but not a word of Latin”. So, despite Canon 249 (in the Post-Conciliar Code of Canon Law), the Clergy have not all learned, and are not now all being taught, Latin as part of their Seminary formation ?

Well, of course, they all haven't so learnt, and are not all being so taught. Everybody knows that. A Priest of my acquaintance once wrote to me: “When I was a Seminarian in the 1980s, the very fact of having done a course in Latin at University was considered tantamount to a declaration in favour of Archbishop Lefebvre.

A Priest who gave a Retreat (a prominent moral theologian of those days) searched our places “in Choir” and denounced those who possessed Latin Breviaries as certainly having no vocation”.

One can hardly blame the present generation of English Bishops for a problem which looks as though it arose more than half a Century ago (in any case, blame is not my purpose). Indeed, I have heard that matters may now be a little less bad. But not, I believe, everywhere, and certainly not for all Seminarians.

Surely, Catholic Bishops have some say about the syllabuses taught in Seminaries ? Surely, they have some responsibility for the formation of their own Clergy ? Are they happy that Seminaries are run in a way which pays only very selective regard to the Magisterium of Saint John XXIII ? And to The Second Vatican Council, which (vide “Optatam totius 13”) laid emphasis on the role of Latin in Seminary education; or is that particular Conciliar document now to be consigned to oblivion ?

Saint Paul VI, as the first in his list of academic priorities for Seminarians, wrote: “The cultural formation of the young Priest must certainly include an adequate knowledge of languages and especially of Latin (particularly for those of the Latin Rite). (“Summi Dei verbum”.)”

There has long been a tacit assumption among some that the Magisterium of the “pre-Conciliar Popes” is to be quietly forgotten. Pius IX ? Pius XII ? Who on Earth were they ? But now one might be forgiven for wondering whether the Magisterium of The Council, itself, and the Teaching of the “post-Conciliar Popes”, are now also (when it suits) being treated with similar contempt by these grand men.

Are those more recent Pontiffs to be elaborately honoured with questionable Beatifications and break-neck-speed Canonisations and facile rhetorical praise, while their actual Teaching, emphatically and insistently given, is tossed aside as irrelevant or impractical ?

“There just isn't room on the syllabus for any of that”. Really ? When Seminary syllabuses are composed, shouldn’t it be the first aim to ensure that the insistent mandates of Roman Pontiffs are not to be ignored ? Since entering into Full Communion in 2011, I have met significant numbers of Clergy who have deplored the fact that, at Seminary, they were robbed of what The Catholic Church regards as the first building block of a Priestly formation. They have seemed to have in mind quite a number of useless topics which could profitably have been omitted so as to liberate syllabus time.

Cardinal Basil Hume, back in the 1990s, rather impertinently reminded Anglican enquirers that “Catholicism is table d'hote, not a la carte”. Surely that gives an ex-Anglican some right to wonder whether this principle also applies as much to those who run, or who episcopally supervise, Seminaries as it does to Anglican enquirers ?

A final quotation from Saint John XXIII: “The Teachers . . . in universities or Seminaries are required to speak Latin (latine loqui tenentur) and to make use of textbooks written in Latin. Those whose ignorance of Latin makes it difficult for them to obey these instructions shall gradually be replaced by Teachers who are suited to this task (in eorum locum doctores ad hoc idonei gradatim sufficiantur).

Any difficulties that may be advanced by students or professors must be overcome (vincantur necesse est) either by the patient insistence of the Bishops or Religious Superiors, or by the good will of the Teachers.”

And a final question: How many of those currently Teaching in English Seminaries are (in the sense of Saint John XXIII’s precise use of the word) idonei, “fit for the job” ? Indeed, are there any ?


* You sometimes find claims made to the effect that “Vatican II mandated more extensive use of vernacular languages in The Liturgy. Sacrosanctum concilium para 54 says 'Linguæ vernaculæ in Missis cum populo celebratis congruus locus tribui possit'. Doesn't sound to me much like a 'mandate'. It doesn't even say 'potest' ! Somebody must have decided to put the verb into the subjunctive ! It goes on to say 'præsertim' and mentions the readings. Then, much more cautiously, it raises the possibility of the vernacular 'even' (etiam) 'in partibus quæ ad populum spectant' linking this with a specific requirement that the laity should also be able to sing and say those selfsame parts in Latin. Hardly a 'mandate' for the vernacular ! Rather, a nervously tentative partial permission.

Saint Mary Magdalen Dei Pazzi. Virgin. Feast Day, Today, 29 May.

Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless otherwise stated.

Saint Mary Magdalen dei Pazzi.
   Feast Day 29 May.


White Vestments.

Saint Mary Magdalen dei Pazzi.
Date: 1878.
Source: Scanned by uploader from page 296 of
"Little Pictorial Lives Of The Saints", (Benzinger Brothers).
Author: Unknown.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Born at Florence, Italy, in 1566, of the illustrious Pazzi family, Saint Mary Magdalen dei Pazzi, at the age of ten, Consecrated her Virginity to Christ, Whom she chose as her Spouse (Epistle, Gospel, Communion). Wherefore, God loved her with a love of preference (Introit), and made her one of the Virgins who form His Court of Honour (Offertory).

She took The Carmelite Habit in 1584 and subjected herself to frightful mortifications. The Holy Ghost, Who, from Heaven, sent Jesus Risen Again to her, inflamed her with such love that she had to pour fresh water on her burning breast.

She would bitterly deplore that the infidels and sinners were in the way to perdition and offered to endure any torments for their salvation.

Her motto was: "Suffer and not die." She died in 1607 and her body, which she mortified in every way, has remained incorrupt to our day.

Mass: Dilexísti.

Vision of Saint Maria Magdalen dei Pazzi.
Artist: Pedro de Moya (1610–1674).
Date: Early-17th-Century.
Source/Photographer: Web Gallery of Art
(Wikimedia Commons)

The following Text is from Wikipedia - the free encyclopædia.

Mary Magdalene de' Pazzi, O.Carm. (Italian: Maria Maddalena de' Pazzi), 2 April 1566 – 25 May 1607, was an Italian Carmelite Nun and Mystic. She has been declared a Saint by The Roman Catholic Church.

In 1580, at age fourteen, Pazzi was sent by her father to be educated at a Monastery of Nuns of The Order of Malta, but she was soon recalled to wed a young nobleman. She advised her father of her vow, and he eventually relented and allowed her to enter Monastic Life. She chose The Carmelite Monastery of Saint Mary of The Angels, in Florence, Italy, because The Rule there allowed her to receive Holy Communion daily. In 1583, she was accepted as a Novice by that Community, and given the Religious Name of Sister Mary Magdalen.

Numerous Miracles allegedly followed Pazzi's death, and the process for her Beatification was begun in 1610 under Pope Paul V, and completed under Pope Urban VIII in 1626. She was not, however, Canonised until sixty-two years after her death, when Pope Clement X raised her to The Altars on 28 April 1669. The Church of The Monastery of Pažaislis, commissioned in 1662 in Lithuania, was one of the first to be Consecrated in her honour.

The Saint is little known outside Italy, but her cult is very strong, especially in Florence. Paulist Press issued a selection of her writings in English translation in their series of Classics of Western Spirituality.

The following Text is from “The Liturgical Year”,
by Abbot Guéranger, O.S.B.

Volume 8.
Paschal Time.
Book II.


Our Paschal Calendar gives us three illustrious Virgins of beautiful Italy. We have already kept The Feast of the valiant Saint Catharine of Siena; in a few days, we shall be honouring the memory of Saint Angela dei Merici, surrounded by her school-children; today, it is The Fair Lily of Florence, Saint Magdalen de Pazzi, who embalms the whole Church with the fragrance of her name and intercession.

She devoted herself to the loving imitation of Our Crucified Jesus; was it not just, that she should have some share in the joy of His Resurrection ?

Magdalen de Pazzi was one of the brightest ornaments of The Order of Carmel, by her Angelic Purity, and by the ardour of her love for God. Like Saint Philip Neri, she was one of the grandest manifestations of The Divine Charity that is found in The True Church.

Saint Magdalen, in her peaceful Cloister, and Saint Philip, in his active labours for the salvation of Souls, both made it their ambition to satisfy that desire, expressed by Our Jesus, when He said: " I am come to cast fire on the Earth; and what will I, but that it be kindled ? "

The life of this Spouse of Christ was one continued Miracle. Her Ecstasies and Raptures were almost of daily occurrence. The lights given to her regarding the Mysteries were extraordinary; and, in order to prepare her for those sublime communications, God would have her go through the severest trials of The Spiritual Life.

Thursday, 28 May 2020

The Shrine Of Saint Augustine And The National Pugin Centre, Ramsgate, Kent.

The place where Saint Augustine landed in 597 A.D., to bring the Gospel to England, and where the great Victorian architect, Augustus Pugin, lived, worked, and built his personal Church.

The Web-Site is available HERE

Visit Us.

We look forward to welcoming you at Saint Augustine’s. Thousands of people visit Saint Augustine’s each year:
Be one of them.

A School Trip To Pugin's “The Grange”
And Saint Augustine's Church, Ramsgate.
Available on YouTube at

Visitor Centre.

Information on Saint Augustine and Augustus Pugin with interpretative boards, videos, and audio guides available.

Introduction to The Shrine of Saint Augustine, Ramsgate, Kent.
Available on YouTube at

Pugin’s designs are on show in The Visitor Centre exhibition area. Featuring items owned and made for Pugin, as well as items inspired by his designs, this is a chance to see some of Pugin’s own creations.

Opening Times and Entry.
We’re open 10 a.m. – 4 p.m., each day.

Entry is free, and we suggest a donation of £3 per person.

The Shrine Web-Site is available at

Saint Augustine Of Canterbury. Archbishop. Confessor. Feast Day 28 May.

Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless stated otherwise.

Saint Augustine Of Canterbury.
   Archbishop. Confessor.
   Feast Day 28 May.


White Vestments.

“Saint Augustine of Canterbury”:
A Talk By Fr. Marcus Holden,
during “A Day With Mary”.
Available on YouTube at

“A  Day With Mary”.
Available on YouTube at

The ruins of Saint Augustine's Abbey,
with Canterbury Cathedral in the background.
Photo: 20 October 2012.
Source: Own work.
Author: Nessy-Pic
(Wikimedia Commons)

The Cycle Celebrates today The Feast of another son of Saint Benedict, who, filled with The Holy Ghost, like The Apostles, was sent to Great Britain by Saint Gregory, in 596 A.D., with forty Monks of his Community, in order to convert to Christ the people of that Country (Collect).

Wherefore, the Gospel recalls the seventy-two Disciples whom Jesus sent to Preach The Kingdom of God, and the Epistle alludes to The Apostolate of Saint Paul, who was busy night and day Preaching the Gospel of God.

Received by King Ethelbert, at Canterbury, Kent, the Capital of his Kingdom, Augustine built a Monastery there and later on established there his Episcopal Seat (Introit). The example of his life, added to his Preaching and Miracles, brought the King over to The True Faith, and Saint Augustine Baptised over ten thousand Anglo-Saxons one Christmas Day. This "Apostle of England" died in the year 604 A.D.

Let us ask, through the intercession of Saint Augustine, to bring back erring hearts to the unity of Christian Truth (Collect).

Mass: Sacerdotes tui.

Wednesday, 27 May 2020

Saint John I. Pope And Martyr. Who Reigned From 523 A.D. - 526 A.D. Feast Day 27 May.

Text, unless stated otherwise, is from “The Liturgical Year”,
by Abbot Gueranger, O.S.B.
Translated from the French by Dom Laurence Shepherd, O.S.B.
Volume 8, Paschal Time, Book II.
Re-published by St. Bonaventure Publications, July 2000.

Illustration of Pope Saint John I.
Date: 1911.
Author: Artaud de Montor, Alexis François.
(Wikimedia Commons)

The Palm of Martyrdom was won by this holy Pope, not in a victory over a pagan persecutor, but in battling for The Church's liberty against a Christian King. But the King was a Heretic and, therefore, an enemy of every Pontiff that was zealous for the triumph of The True Faith.

The state of Christ's Vicar, here on Earth, is a state of combat; and it frequently happens that a Pope is veritably a Martyr, without having shed his blood. Pope Saint John I, whom we honour, today, was not slain by the sword; a loathsome dungeon was the instrument of his Martyrdom; but there are many Popes who are now in Heaven with him, Martyrs, like himself, who never even passed a day in prison or in chains; the Vatican was their Calvary.

They conquered, yet fell in the struggle with so little appearance of victory, that Heaven had to take up the defence of their reputation, as was the case with that angelic Pontiff of the 18th-Century, Pope Clement XIII.

Today's Saint (Pope Saint John I) teaches us, by his conduct, what should be the sentiment of every worthy member of The Church. He teaches us that we should never make a compromise with Heresy, nor approve the measures taken by Worldly policy for securing what it calls the rights of Heresy.

If the past ages, aided by the Religious indifference of governments, have introduced the toleration of all Religions, or even the principle that "all Religions are to be treated alike by the State," let us, if we will, put up with this latitudinarianism, and be glad to see that The Church, in virtue of it, is guaranteed from legal persecution; but, as Catholics, we can never look upon it as an absolute good.

Whatever may be the circumstances in which Providence has placed us, we are bound to conform our views to the principles of our Holy Faith, and to the infallible teaching and practice of The Church - out of which there is but contradiction, danger and infidelity.

The Holy Liturgy thus extols the virtues and courage of our Saint, Pope Saint John I.

This image is a faithful representation of an icon
inside the Basilica of Saint Paul-Outside-the-Walls.
See for documentation.
Source: ("Pope's Photo Gallery").
Author: Unknown.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Pope John I (Latin: Ioannes PP. I, Italian: Giovanni I; circa 470 A.D. – 18 May 526 A.D.) was Pope from 13 August 523 A.D. to 18 May 526 A.D. He was a native of Siena (or the "Castello di Serena"), near Chiusdino, in Italy. He is the first Pope known to have visited Constantinople while in Office.

While a Deacon, in Rome, he is known to have been a partisan of the Anti-Pope, Laurentius, for, in a “Libellus”, written to Pope Symmachus in 506 A.D, John confessed his error in opposing him, condemned Peter of Altinum and Laurentius, and begged pardon of Symmachus.

He would then be the "Deacon John" who signed the “Acta” (Ecclesiastic Publication) of The Roman Synod of 499 A.D., and 502 A.D.; the fact The Roman Church only had seven Deacons, at the time, makes identifying him with this person very likely. He may also be the "Deacon John" to whom Bœthius, the 6th-Century A.D. philosopher, dedicated three of his five Religious “Tractates”, or “Treatises”, written between 512 A.D., and 520 A.D.

John was very frail when he was Elected to The Papacy as Pope John I. Despite his protests, Pope John was sent by the Arian King, Theodoric the Great, - Ruler of The Ostrogoths, a Kingdom in present-day Italy - to Constantinople, to secure a moderation of a Decree against The Arians, issued in 523 A.D., of Emperor Justin, Ruler of The Byzantine, or East Roman, Empire.

King Theodoric threatened that, if John should fail in his mission, there would be reprisals against The Orthodox, or non-Arian, Catholics in The West. John proceeded to Constantinople with a considerable entourage: His Religious companions included Bishop Ecclesius of Ravenna, Bishop Eusebius of Fanum Fortunae, and Sabinus of Campania. His secular companions were the Senators, Flavius Theodorus, Inportunus, Agapitus, and the patrician Agapitus.

Emperor Justin is recorded as receiving John honourably and promised to do everything the embassy asked of him, with the exception of restoring converts from Arianism to Catholicism to their original beliefs. Although John was successful in his mission, when he returned to Ravenna, Theodoric's Capital in Italy, Theodoric had John arrested on the suspicion of having conspired with Emperor Justin. John was imprisoned at Ravenna, where he died of neglect and ill treatment. His body was transported to Rome and buried in the Basilica of Saint Peter.

The Liber Pontificalis credits John with making repairs to the Cemetery of The Martyrs, Nereus and Achilleus, on the Via Ardeatina, that of Saints Felix and Adauctus, and the Cemetery of Priscilla.

Pope John I is depicted in art as looking through the bars of a prison, or imprisoned with a Deacon and a Sub-Deacon. He is Venerated at Ravenna and in Tuscany.

The following Text is from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal.

Saint John I.
   Pope and Martyr.
   Feast Day 27 May.


Red Vestments.

Pope Saint John I (523 A.D. - 526 A.D.) governed The Church at the time when the Arian King Theoderic ravaged Italy. This King, having artfully enticed him to Ravenna, caused him to be thrown into a dark dungeon where he died.

His body was buried in Rome in the Basilica of Saint Peter.

Mass: In Paschaltime: Protexisti.
Mass: Out of Paschaltime: Sacerdotes Dei.

Saint Bede The Venerable. Confessor. Doctor Of The Church. Feast Day 27 May.

Text is from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless otherwise stated.

Saint Bede The Venerable.
   Confessor and Doctor.
   Feast Day 27 May.


White Vestments.

The Venerable Bede,
translating The Gospel of John, on his deathbed.
Artist: James Doyle Penrose.
Date: 1902.
Exhibition History: Royal Academy Summer Exhibition,
(Wikimedia Commons)

Born at Yarrow, in Northumberland, England, Bede was committed, as a child, to Saint Benedict Bishop, Abbot of The Benedictine Monastery at Wearmouth.

The Holy Ghost filled him with Wisdom and Intelligence (Introit), wherefore his writings, penetrated by Holy Doctrine (Epistle), were read aloud in the Churches, even in his lifetime. As it was not permissible to call him "Saint", he was called "The Venerable," a Title he kept after his death.

He was one of the most learned Churchmen in the 8th-Century A.D., and his name is found among those of The Doctors of The Church.

Not satisfied with teaching men The Law and The Prophets, he also practised the most beautiful Virtues (Gospel). On The Eve of The Ascension, he received The Last Sacraments, embraced his brethren, lay down on the ground upon his hair cloth, said twice "Glory be to The Father, and to The Son, and to The Holy Ghost", and fell asleep in The Lord on 27 May 735 A.D.

Let us honour Saint Bede, The Holy Doctor, that we may always be enlightened by his Wisdom and helped by his Merits (Collect).

Mass: In médio.
Commemoration: Saint John I
   (Collects: from Mass: Sacerdótes Dei).

Tomb of The Venerable Bede,
Durham Cathedral, Durham, England.
Photo: 4 May 2008.
Author: robert scarth
(Wikimedia Commons)

The following Text is from Wikipedia - the free encyclopædia.

Bede (Old English: Bǣda or Bēda; 672 A.D. – 26 May 735 A.D.), also referred to as Saint Bede or The Venerable Bede (Latin: Bēda Venerābilis), was an English Monk at the Monastery of Saint Peter at Monkwearmouth and its companion Monastery, Saint Paul's, in modern-day Jarrow (see Monkwearmouth-Jarrow), Northeast England, both of which were located in the Kingdom of Northumbria. He is well known as an author and scholar, and his most famous work, Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History of The English People) gained him the Title of "The Father of English History".

In 1899, Bede was made a Doctor of The Church by Pope Leo XIII; he is the only native of Great Britain to achieve this designation (Anselm of Canterbury, also a Doctor of The Church, was originally from Italy). Bede was, moreover, a skilled linguist and translator, and his work made the Latin and Greek writings of The Early Church Fathers much more accessible to his fellow Anglo-Saxons, contributing significantly to English Christianity. Bede's Monastery had access to an impressive Library, which included works by Eusebius and Orosius, among many others.

Tuesday, 26 May 2020

High Mass (Grand Messe). The Feast of The Ascension. Saint-Nicolas-du-Chardonnet Church. Paris, France.

The Lady Chapel
(Chapelle de la Vierge),
Saint Nicolas du Chardonnet Church,
Paris, France.
Photo: 27 December 2015.
Source: Own work.
This file is licensed under the
Author: Mbzt
(Wikimedia Commons)

High Mass.
The Feast of The Ascension.
Saint-Nicolas-du-Chardonnet Church.
Paris, France.
Available on YouTube at

Saint Eleutherius. Pope And Martyr. He Reigned From 174 A.D. - 189 A.D. Feast Day 26 May.

Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless stated otherwise.

Saint Eleutherius.
   Pope And Martyr.
   Feast Day 26 May.


Red Vestments.

Pope Saint Eleutherius
from "The Lives and Times of the Popes"
by Chevalier Artaud de Montor, New York:
Catholic Publication Society of America, 1911.
Published 1842.
Date: 6 June 2013.
Author: Artaud de Montor (1772–1849).
(Wikimedia Commons)

Saint Eleutherius governed The Church during the period that followed the persecution of the Emperor Commodus.

Faith, at the time, made great progress in the whole World. After a Pontificate lasting fifteen years, he died in 189 A.D., and was buried on The Vatican Hill, near the body of Saint Peter.

Mass: In Paschaltide: Protexisti.
Mass: Out of Paschaltide: Státuit.

The Counter-Reformation Saints' Club And Its Natural Leader, Saint Philip Neri. A Short Talk Given By Reverend Timothy Finigan.

The Counter-Reformation Saints' Club
And Its Natural Leader, Saint Philip Neri.
A Short Talk By Reverend Fr. Timothy Finigan.
Available on YouTube at

Saint Philip Neri (1515 - 1595). Confessor. Feast Day, Today, 26 May.

Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless otherwise stated.

Saint Philip Neri.
   Feast Day 26 May.


White Vestments.

Painting of Saint Philip Neri.
Artist: Unknown.
This File: 6 March 2006.
User: Mathiasrex
(Wikimedia Commons)

Saint Philip Neri.
Available on YouTube at

Saint Philip, born at Florence in the 16th-Century, left everything to serve The Divine Master (Gospel), and Founded The Congregation of The Oratory.

The Holy Ghost had inflamed him with such love for God (Introit, Alleluia, Secret), that the palpitations of his heart bent two of his ribs (Communion).

He would spend whole nights in the contemplation of Heavenly things, and The Spirit of Truth "taught him true Wisdom" (Epistle). His conversations with Jesus filled him with such joy that he exclaimed: "Enough, Love, enough !"

He loved young men: "Amuse yourselves," he said to them, "but do not offend God."

He died in 1595 on The Feast of Corpus Christi.

Like Saint Philip, with our hearts full of a holy and loving joy, let us run in the way of the commandments of God (Collect).

Mass: Cáritas Dei.
Commemoration: Saint Eleutherius.
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