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Tuesday, 26 August 2014

Saint Zephyrinus (199 A.D. - 217 A.D.). Pope And Martyr. Feast Day 26 August.

Text taken from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless otherwise stated.
Illustrations taken from Wikipedia - the free encyclopaedia,
unless otherwise stated.

26 August.
Feast of Saint Zephyrinus.
Pope and Martyr.


Red Vestments.

Pope Saint Zephyrinus
(199 A.D. - 217 A. D.).
Date: 24 March 2006 (original upload date).
Source: Transferred from en.wikipedia;
Original uploader was Amberrock at en.wikipedia;
transferred to Commons by User:Sreejithk2000
Author: Unknown.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Happy Zephyrinus to all Readers of this Blog.

Today is the Feast of Saint Zephyrinus, Pope and Martyr.

Pope Saint Zephyrinus succeeded Pope Saint Victor on the Pontifical Throne and, like him, was Martyred (Gospel). He abolished the use of Wooden Chalices, in the Celebration of the Holy Sacrifice, and ordered them to be replaced by Glass Chalices. He prescribed that all the Faithful should receive Holy Communion on Easter Day.

He had to defend the Dogma of the Unity of God and the Trinity of Persons against the Sabellians. Besides this strife, he had to suffer persecution. God always supported him in his trials, in order to enable him to support the Flock of Christ (Epistle).

He died in 217 A.D., after a Pontificate of seventeen years.

Français: Église Saint-Zéphirin-de-Stadacona à Québec en 1986. Construite en 1890 sur les plans de l'architecte Joseph-Ferdinand Peachy, rénovée en 1918 par l'architecte Adalbert Trudel.
English: The Church of Saint Zephyrinus of Stadacona (Saint-Zéphirin-de-Stadacona)
(built in 1890) in Quebec City, Canada.
Date: Photographed in 1986 and Uploaded on 24 January 2014.
Source: Own work.
Author: Claude Brochu.
(Wikimedia Commons)

The following Text is from Wikipedia.

Pope Zephyrinus (+ 20 December 217 A.D.), was Bishop of Rome, or Pope, from 199 A.D., to his death in 217 A.D. He was born in Rome. His predecessor was Pope Victor I. Pope Zephyrinus was succeeded by his principal Advisor, who became Pope Callixtus I.

During the 17-year Pontificate of Zephyrinus, the young Church endured severe Persecution under the Emperor, Severus, until his death in the year 211 A.D. To quote Alban Butler, "this holy Pastor was the support and comfort of the distressed flock". According to Saint Optatus, Zephyrinus also combated new Heresies and Apostases, chief of which were Marcion, Praxeas, Valentine and the Montanists.

Eusebius insists that Zephyrinus fought vigorously against the blasphemies of the two Theodotuses, who, in response, treated him with contempt, but later called him the greatest defender of the Divinity of Christ. Although he was not physically Martyred for the Faith, his suffering – both mental and spiritual – during his Pontificate have earned him the title of Martyr.

During the reign of Emperor Severus (193 A.D. – 211 A.D.), relations with the young Christian Church deteriorated, and in 202 A.D., or 203 A.D., the edict of persecution appeared, which forbade Conversion to Christianity under the severest penalties.

Zephyrinus's predecessor, Pope Victor I, had excommunicated Theodotus the Tanner, for reviving a Heresy that Christ, while a Prophet, was only a mere man. Theodotus' followers formed a separate Heretical community at Rome, ruled by another Theodotus, the Money Changer, and Asclepiodotus. Natalis, who was tortured for his Faith during the Persecution, was persuaded by Asclepiodotus to become a Bishop in their sect, in exchange for a monthly stipend of 150 denarii.

Natalis then reportedly experienced several visions warning him to abandon these Heretics. According to an anonymous work, entitled The Little Labyrinth, and quoted by Eusebius, Natalis was whipped a whole night by an Angel; the next day he donned sackcloth and ashes and, weeping bitterly, threw himself at the feet of Zephyrinus.

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