Saturday, 13 September 2014

Saint Matthew's Cathedral (Matthias Church) (Mátyás-Templom), Budapest, Hungary.


Text from Wikipedia - the free encyclopaedia,
unless otherwise stated.



Saint Matthew's Cathedral (on the sky-line)
Budapest, Hungary.
Image: SHUTTERSTOCK



English: Saint Matthew's Cathedral (Mátyás-Templom),
Budapest, Hungary.
Magyar: Pestről nézve.
Photo: 12 November 2013.
Source: Own work.
Author: Thaler Tamas.
(Wikimedia Commons)



English: Coat-of-Arms of Hungary.
Blazon: “Per Pale, the first Barry of eight Gules and Argent, the second Gules, on a Mount Vert a Crown Or, issuant therefrom a Double Cross Argent. In Crest, The Holy Crown of Hungary.”
Címerleírás A Magyar Köztársaság címere hegyes talpú, hasított pajzs. Első mezeje vörössel és ezüsttel hétszer vágott. Második, vörös mezejében zöld hármas halomnak arany koronás kiemelkedő középső részén ezüst kettős kereszt. A pajzson a magyarSzent Korona nyugszik.
Français: Blason la Hongrie.
Blasonnement « Parti, au premier fascé de huit pièces de gueules et d'argent; au au deuxième de gueules, à la croix patriarchale pattée d'argent, issante d'une couronne d'argent, plantée au sommet d'un mont de trois coupeaux de sinople. Timbré de lacouronne de saint Étienne. »
Deutsch: Wappen Ungarn
Blasonierung „Der gespaltene Schild zeigt vorn ein siebenmal von Rot und Silber geteiltes Feld und hinten in Rot auf dem golden gekrönten, emporragenden mittleren Teile eines grünen Dreiberges ein doppeltes silbernes Tatzenkreuz. Der Schild wird bedeckt von der Stephanskrone.“



Magyar: Mátyás-templom.
English: Saint Matthias Church (Saint Matthew's Cathedral),
Budapest, Hungary.
Photo: 12 November 2013.
Source: Own work.
Author: Thaler Tamas.
(Wikimedia Commons)


Saint Matthew's Cathedral (Matthias Church) (Hungarian: Mátyás-templom) is a Roman Catholic Church located in Budapest, Hungary, in front of the Fisherman's Bastion, at the heart of Buda's Castle District.

According to Church tradition, it was originally built in the Romanesque Style in 1015. The current building was constructed, in the florid Late-Gothic-Style, in the second half of the 14th-Century and was extensively restored in the Late-19th-Century. It was the second-largest Church of Mediaeval Buda and the seventh-largest Church of the Medieval Hungarian Kingdom.



Saint Matthias Church,
Budapest, Hungary.
Photo: 16 April 2011.
Source: Own work.
Author: Funke.
(Wikimedia Commons)



Čeština: Budapešť.
English: The Choir, Sanctuary and High Altar,
Saint Matthias Church ((Mátyás-Templom),
Budapest, Hungary.
Photo: 2011.
Source: Own work.
Author: Dezidor.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Officially named as The Church of Our Lady, it has been popularly named after King Matthias, who ordered the transformation of its original Southern Tower. The Church was the scene of several Coronations, including that of Charles IV, in 1916 (the last Habsburg King).



Magyar: Mátyás-Templom, Budapest.
English: Saint Matthew's Cathedral
(The Church of Our Lady),
Budapest, Hungary.
Photo: 25 January 2012.
Source: Own work.
Author: VinceB.
(Wikimedia Commons)



King Karl IV of Hungary, taking his Coronation Oath, 
30 December 1916,
standing on Holy Trinity Column, outside Matthias Church, Budapest.
Date: 25 December 2005 (original upload date).
Source: From source Transferred from en.wikipedia;
transferred to Commons by User:Quadell using CommonsHelper.
Author: Original uploader was Jtdirl at en.wikipedia
(Wikimedia Commons)


It was also the site for King Matthias's two weddings (the first to Catherine of Poděbrady and, after her death, to Beatrice of Naples). During the Century and a half of Turkish occupation, the vast majority of its Ecclesiastical Treasures were shipped to Pressburg (present-day Bratislava) and, following the capture of Buda, in 1541, the Church became the City's main mosque. Ornate frescoes, that previously adorned the walls of the building, were whitewashed, and interior furnishings stripped out.



Magyar: A Mátyás-templom reggeli napsütésben, madártávlatból.
English: Saint Matthias Church, Budapest, Hungary.
Photo: 14 April 2014.
Source: Own work.
Author: Thaler Tamas.
(Wikimedia Commons)


The Church was also the place of the so-called "Mary-Wonder". In 1686, during the Siege of Buda, by the Holy League, a wall of the Church collapsed, due to cannon fire. It turned out that an old Votive Madonna Statue was hidden behind the wall. As the sculpture of The Virgin Mary appeared before the praying Muslims, the morale of the Garrison collapsed, and the City fell on the same day.



The High Altar,
Saint Matthias Church (Mátyás-Templom),
Budapest, Hungary.
Photo: 7 August 2012.
Source: Own work.
Author: D4m1en.
(Wikimedia Commons)


Although, following the Turkish expulsion, in 1686, an attempt was made to restore the Church in the Baroque Style, historical evidence shows that the work was largely unsatisfactory. It was not until the great architectural boom, towards the end of the 19th-Century, that the building regained much of its former splendour. The architect responsible for this work was Frigyes Schulek.



Magyar: Mátyás-templom, augusztus 20.
English: Matthias Church, Budapest,
on Hungarian National Day, 20 August.
Photo: 27 January 2014.
Source: Own work.
Author: Thaler Tamas.
(Wikimdia Commons)



Magyar: A templom Ének és Zenekara.
Mátyás-Templom, Budapest.
English: Saint Matthew's Cathedral Choir.
Photo: 23 June 2013.
Source: Own work.
Author: Thaler Tamas.
(Wikimedia Commons)


The Church was restored to its original 13th-Century Plan, but a number of early, original, Gothic elements were uncovered. By also adding new motifs of his own (such as the diamond-pattern roof tiles and gargoyles-laden Spire), Schulek ensured that the work, when finished, would be highly controversial.

It is home to the Ecclesiastical Art museum, which begins in the Mediaeval Crypt and leads up to the Saint Stephen Chapel. The Gallery contains a number of Sacred Relics and Mediaeval stone carvings, along with replicas of the Hungarian Royal Crown and Coronation Jewels.



English: The High Altar, Saint Matthew's Cathedral, Budapest,
showing Our Lady, to whom the Cathedral is Dedicated.
Magyar: Mátyás-templom, a főoltár részlete.
Photo: 1 September 2013.
Source: Own work.
Author: Thaler Tamas.
(Wikimedia Commons)



Magyar: Szent László-kápolna (Lotz Károly ferskói).
English: Chapel of Saint Lazlo, Saint Matthias Church, Budapest.
Photo: 10 July 2013.
Source: Own work.
Author: Thaler Tamas.
(Wikimedia Commons)



Magyar: Mennyezeti zárókő.
English: Ceiling Roof Boss,
surrounded by depictions of The Four Evangelists.
Saint Matthias Church, Budapest.
Photo: 10 July 2013.
Source: Own work.
Author: Thaler Tamas.
(Wikimedia Commons)



Magyar: Karácsonyi hangverseny a felújított templomban.
English: Children's Choir at Christmas,
Saint Matthias Church, Budapest.
Photo: 20 December 2013.
Source: Own work.
Author: Thaler Tamas.
(Wikimedia Commons)



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