Tuesday, 16 September 2014

Saint Stephen's Cathedral, Passau, Germany.


Text and Illustrations from Wikipedia - the free encyclopaedia,
unless otherwise stated.




Deutsch: Die größte Orgel Europas mit 17.774 Pfeifen
im St. Stephansdom zu Passau, Deutschland.
English: The largest Church Pipe Organ in Europe,
with 17,774 Pipes, 
in Saint Stephen's Cathedral,
Passau, Germany.
Français: Le plus grand orgue d'Europe avec 17.774 tuyaux
dans la Cathédrale St. Stephan de Passau, Allemagne.
Polski: Największe organy w Europie z 17.774 piszczałkami,
znajdujące się w bazylice pw. św. Stefana w Passau w Niemczech.
Photo: 28 July 2007.
Source: Own work.
Author: Tobi 87.
(Wikimedia Commons)




Deutsch: Dom St. Stephan und Domplatz in Passau.
Photo: 29 March 2007.
Source: Own work.
Author: Aconcagua.
(Wikimedia Commons)



Saint Stephen's Cathedral (German: Dom St. Stephan) is a Baroque Church, from 1688, in Passau, Germany, dedicated to Saint Stephen. It is the Seat of the Catholic Bishop of Passau and the main Church of his Diocese.



The Nave,
Saint Stephen's Cathedral,
Passau, Germany.
Photo: 5 November 2007.
Source: Dom St. Stephan - Passau.
Author: Karsten Juhl.
(Wikimedia Commons)



Since 730 A.D., there have been many Churches built on the site of the current Cathedral. The current Church, a Baroque building, around 100 metres (328 ft) long, was built from 1668 to 1693, after a fire, in 1662, destroyed its predecessor, of which only the Late-Gothic Eastern Side remains. The Cathedral's overall Plan was made by Carlo Lurago, its Interior decoration by Giovanni Battista Carlone, and its frescos by Carpoforo Tencalla.



English: The Pulpit,
Saint Stephen's Cathedral, Passau, Germany.
Deutsch: Passau - Dom St. Stephan, Kanzel.
Photo: August 2005.
Source: Own work.
(Wikimedia Commons)



Over time, Passau Cathedral has acquired the largest Organ outside of the United States. The Organ currently has 17,774 Pipes and 233 Registers, all of which can be played with the Five-Manual General Console in the Gallery. Portions of the Organ have their own mechanical-action or electric-action Consoles, for a total of six Consoles. [Editor: The Passau Cathedral Organ was, for many years, the world's largest Church Organ, but it has now been superceded by the First Congregational Organ in Los Angeles, California, United States of America.



English: Passau. Old Town and Saint Stephan's Cathedral.
Photo: 9 September 2006.
Source: Own work.
Author: Aconcagua.
(Wikimedia Commons)



The Cathedral has eight large Bells, in the Bell Rooms, in the North and South Towers. The heaviest,"Pummerin", at 7550 kg, cast in 1952, and "Sturmerin", weighing 5300 kg, cast in 1733, hang in the South Tower. The other six Bells hang in the North Tower. They include: "Misericordia", weighing 6000 kg, the Angelus Bell, "Predigerin", "Elfuhrglocken", the Choir Bell, and "Dignitar". A ninth Bell, the "Zeichenglocke" hangs near the Sacristy Door.



Europe's largest Organ,
Saint Stephen's Cathedral,
Passau, Germany.
"Toccata and Fugue in D minor"
by J.S. Bach.
Available on YouTube at


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