Cloisters of Saint John Lateran, Rome. Source:

Sunday, 18 January 2015

Saint Peter's Chair At Rome. Feast Day, Today, 18 January.

Text from The Saint Andrew's Daily Missal,
unless otherwise stated.

Saint Peter's Chair at Rome.
Feast Day 18 January.

White Vestments.

File:Chair of Saint Peter.jpg

Chair of Saint Peter,
in Saint Peter's Basilica,
The Vatican.
Year: 1647-1653.
Photo: 3 May 2008.
Source: Own work.
Author: Sergey Smirnov.
(Wikimedia Commons)

The manifestation of the Divinity of Jesus, which characterises the Season after Epiphany, demands of us the recognition of His Kingship over our Souls.

Christ is the Head of the Church. But as He is to re-ascend some day to Heaven, He communicates His Divine Power to man, for, after the Incarnation, it is to human intermediaries that God wills normally to establish His dealings with us.

The man whom Jesus constitutes "Prince" of Souls (Introit), and "on whom He builds His Church" (Gospel), is Saint Peter. As Vicar of Christ, he will sit in the Chair once occupied by Jesus and will hold in his hands The Keys as symbols of supreme authority (Collect, Gospel).

Gian Lorenzo Bernini's 
"Cathedra Petri" (or Chair of Saint Peter).
Gilded bronze, gold, wood, stained glass, 1647-1653.
(Apse of Saint Peter's Basilica, Vatican, Rome).
Available on YouTube at

We read in the Epistle, the beginning of the First Letter of Saint Peter. All the Letters of the Apostle bear the mark of his Primacy. Rome is to be the Capital of the Kingdom of Heaven on Earth. It is to Rome that Peter will come, it is on Rome's Blessed soil that he will shed his blood, he will be Bishop of Rome.

Wherefore, we must see in this Feast, a Liturgical testimony to the Primacy of honour and jurisdiction attached to The Chair of Rome. This material Chair is still preserved in the Apse of the Basilica of Saint Peter.

Saint Paul, during his sojourn at Corinth, in the year 58 A.D., wrote an Epistle to the Romans. Towards the year 62 A.D., he was led to Rome a captive and remained there two years. Imprisoned again in the year 67 A.D., he was put to death, like Saint Peter, in the henceforth Eternal City. Wherefore, the Liturgy associates, in a Second Collect, the glorious name of the Apostle with that of the first Bishop of Rome.

Let us, today, Pray for the Pope, successor of Saint Peter, that he may freely exercise the Divine Powers communicated to him by Jesus, Son of God.

Mass: Státuit ei Dóminus.
Commemorations: Saint Paul and Saint Prisca.


English: Interior of the Basilica of Saint Peter's, Vatican.
Français: Vatican, Basilique St Pierre, Intérieur.
The Chair of Saint Peter can be seen
directly through the Baldachin,
in the middle of the photo.
Source: Own work.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Saint Peter's Basilica, Vatican City, Italy.
Saint Peter's Chair is in Saint Peter's Basilica.
Available on YouTube at

The following Text is from Wikipedia - the free encyclopaedia.

The Chair of Saint Peter (Latin: Cathedra Petri) is a Relic, conserved in Saint Peter's Basilica, enclosed in a sculpted gilt bronze casing, that was designed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini, and executed between 1647 and 1653. 

The name derives from the Latin Cathedra, meaning "Chair", or, Throne, which is used to denote the Chair or Seat of a Bishop. The Cathedra, in Saint Peter's Basilica, was once used by the Popes. Inside the Chair, is a wooden Throne, which, according to Tradition, was used by Saint Peter. It was, however, actually a gift from Charles the Bald to Pope John VIII in 875 A.D.


  1. Interestingly, the removal of this feast makes the date for the traditional Church Unity octave look rather arbitrary. In the old days, when Pope St. Pius X approved it, it used to start with Saint Peter's Chair at Rome and ended on the Feast of the Conversion of St. Paul.

  2. Thank you, Konstantin. I do agree with your sentiments.

    What a marvellous idea it was to scrap, eradicate, diminish, move, curtail, shorten, expunge, delete, remove Feasts throughout The Liturgical Year.

    That was a great idea, wasn't it ?

    Declining Mass attendances; fewer Ordinations; Liturgical abuses; Priests, Bishops, Archbishops, etc, no longer wearing Clericals. Nuns no longer identifiable as Nuns because of wearing jeans and tee-shirts, etc.

    All in all, whoever thought that these things would be a good idea should be put in charge of the trains.

    I'm sure they would get everything running smoothly. Honest.

    You couldn't make it up, could you !!!


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