Sunday, 17 January 2016

The New York Central Railroad. Part Three.



NYC Hudson Locomotive, built with iconic Streamlining
designed by Henry Dreyfuss, used to haul
The 20th Century Limited Train, starting in 1938.
Photo courtesy SMU.
Date: 1938.
Source: Southern Methodist University, Central University Libraries, DeGolyer Library: Robert Yarnall Richie Photographs. Retrieved from FlickrHudson Locomotive for The New York Central.
Author: Robert Yarnall Richie (1908-1984).
(Wikimedia Commons)



English: Grand Central Station Terminal,
42nd Street, New York,
United States of America.
Français: Vue extérieure nocturne de la gare
Grand Central Terminal sur l'ile de Manhattan, à New-York (États-Unis).
Date: 1/08.
Source: Own work.
Author: Fcb981 ; Eric Baetscher (attribution required).
(Wikimedia Commons)


For two-thirds of the 20th-Century, The New York Central had some of the most famous Trains in The United States. Its 20th Century Limited Train, begun in 1902, ran from Grand Central Terminal, in New York, to LaSalle Street Station, Chicago, and was its most famous Train, known for its Red Carpet Treatment and First-Class Service. In the Mid-1930s, many Railroad Companies were introducing Streamliner Locomotives. Until The New York Central introduced the Commodore Vanderbilt, all were Diesel-Electric. The Vanderbilt used the more common Steam Engine. The Century, which followed the Water Level Route, could complete the 960-mile trip in sixteen hours after its 15 June 1938 Streamlining. Also famous was its Empire State Express, through Upstate New York to Buffalo and Cleveland, and Ohio State Limited, from New York to Cincinnati. NYC also provided The Rexall Train, of 1936, which toured forty-seven States to promote the Rexall chain of Drug Stores.



Excavations for New York Central Railroad Station.
Artist: Detroit Publishing Company.
Date: Circa 1908.
Current location: Library of Congress,
Washington D.C., United States of America.
Source/Photographer: This image is available from
The United States Library of Congress's
Prints and Photographs division
under the digital ID det.4a22981
(Wikimedia Commons)



"The Railroad Signal".
New York Central Railroad
Educational Documentary 1948.
Ella73TV.
New York Central Railroad Educational Documentary from 1948 that gives an overview of railroad signals and related safe working infrastructure used by trains, as well as the ongoing improvements to the signalling systems due to technological advances.
Available on YouTube at


Famous New York Central Trains:

New York to Chicago

20th Century Limited: New York to Chicago (limited stops) via The Water Level Route 1902–1967.
Commodore Vanderbilt: New York–Chicago (a few more stops) via The Water Level Route.
Lake Shore Limited: New York–Chicago via Cleveland with Branch Service to Boston and St. Louis 1896–1956, 1971–Present (Reinstated and combined with New England States by Amtrak in 1971).
Chicagoan: New York–Chicago.
Pacemaker: New York–Chicago All-Coach Train via Cleveland.
Wolverine: New York-Chicago via Southern Ontario and Detroit.



St. Louis Union Station.
Missouri, United States of America.
The New York Central Railroad's Knickerbocker Train
and The Southwestern Limited Train
ran between New York and St. Louis.
Photo: 12 May 2015.
Source: IMG_0693
Author: Dustin Batt
(Wikimedia Commons)


The Mercuries. (All Mercuries ran between 1936 and 1959.)

Chicago Mercury: Chicago-Detroit.
Cincinnati Mercury: Cleveland-Cincinnati.
Cleveland Mercury: Detroit-Cleveland.
Detroit Mercury: Cleveland-Detroit.

New York to St. Louis.

Knickerbocker: New York–St. Louis.
Southwestern Limited: New York–St. Louis.



Michigan Central Station's Beaux-Arts façade.
The New York Central Railroad's Michigan Train 
ran between New York and Michigan.
Photo: August 2008.
Source: Own work.
Author: Urbanarcheology.
(Wikimedia Commons)


Michigan Central Station (also known as Michigan Central Depot or MCS) was the main Inter-City Passenger Rail Depot for Detroit, Michigan. Built for The Michigan Central Railroad, it replaced the original Depot in downtown Detroit, which was shuttered after a major fire on 26 December 1913, forcing the still-unfinished Station into early Service. Formally Dedicated on 4 January 1914, the Station remained open for business until the cessation of Amtrak Service on 6 January 1988. At the time of its construction, it was the tallest Railway Station in the World.



Photo of the Streamlined New York Central Train, "The 20th Century Limited", leaving Chicago's LaSalle Street Station on a trial run 9 June 1938. The Train was put into Service on 15 June 1938. This Train was a famous New York Central Railroad Train which ran from 1902-1967.
Source: eBay
Author: Associated Press.
(Wikimedia Commons)


Other Trains

Empire State Express: New York-Buffalo and Cleveland via The Empire Corridor 1891–Present.
Ohio State Limited: New York-Cincinnati via Empire Corridor.
Xplorer: Cleveland-Cincinnati 1958–1960 (Special experimental Lightweight Train).
Cleveland Limited: New York–Cleveland.
Detroiter: New York–Detroit.
James Whitcomb Riley: Chicago-Cincinnati.
Michigan: Chicago-Detroit.
Motor City Special: Chicago-Detroit.
New England States: Boston-Chicago via The Water Level Route 1938–1971. (Retained by Penn Central and, for Amtrak, combined with re-instated Lake Shore Limited).
Twilight Limited: Chicago-Detroit.

Trains left from Grand Central Terminal in New York, Weehawken Terminal in Weehawken, New JerseySouth Station in Boston, Cincinnati Union Terminal in Cincinnati, Michigan Central Station in Detroit, St. Louis Union Station, Missouri, and LaSalle Street Station in Chicago, Illinois.

PART FOUR FOLLOWS

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