Friday, 22 January 2016

The Sixteenth Century.





The 16th-Century.




His Eminence Saint John Cardinal Fisher.
Bishop of Rochester.
Martyred for The Faith.
(†1535. Feast Day 22 June.)
Date: Between 1497 and 1543.
(Wikimedia Commons)


Text is from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless otherwise stated.

The 16th-Century marks a sad period for The Church. The Pagan revival, Protestantism, and, soon after, Jansenism, ravaged her, within, while Islam became ever more menacing, without.

Among the many Catholics Martyred by the heretics, many have been Beatified, some have been Canonised, e.g., The Holy Martyrs of Gorcum, in The Netherlands, and Saint John Fisher (Feast Day 22 June) and Saint Thomas More (†1535. Feast Day 6 July), in England.



English: Portrait of Pope Saint Pius V.
A "Son of Saint Dominic", this Dominican Pope ascended The Papal Throne in 1566.
Deutsch: Porträt des Papst Pius V..
Artist: El Greco (1541–1614).
Date: Circa 1600-1610.
Current location: Private collection, Paris, France.
Source/Photographer: The Yorck Project: 10.000 Meisterwerke der Malerei. DVD-ROM, 2002.
ISBN 3936122202. Distributed by DIRECTMEDIA Publishing GmbH.
(Wikimedia Commons)


To set up a bulwark against the Barbarian invasion, at the Dawn of The Middle Ages, Providence raised up Saint Benedict and his Order of Peace. To fight the Barbarians of The Spirit, which advanced like an army of evil at the beginning of modern times, Almighty God stirred up, among a pleiad of other Saints, Ignatius of Loyola (†1556. Feast Day 31 July), the first General of The Society of Jesus, that new Chivalry of Christ, which was approved by The Bull: "The Government of The Church Militant", and whose most glorious Soldiers at that time were Saint Francis Borgia (†1572. Feast Day 10 October), Saint Francis Xavier, the first Apostle of India (†1552. Feast Day 3 December), Saint Aloysius Gonzaga, the model of Christian Youth (†1591. Feast Day 21 June), and Saint Peter Canisius, Doctor of The Church and "the second Apostle of Germany (†1597. Feast Day 27 April).

In 1597, died Saint Francis of Paula (Feast Day 2 April), Founder of The Order of Minims.

A "Son of Saint Dominic" ascended The Pontifical Throne: Saint Pius V (Papacy 1566-1572) (Feast Day 5 May).



The 16th-Century.


In 1571, Pope Saint Pius V instituted The Feast of Our Lady of Victory, which, two years later, became The Feast of The Most Holy Rosary of The Blessed Virgin Mary (Feast Day 7 October), in memory of the Naval Victory of Lepanto, gained over The Turks.

With the help of Saint John of The Cross, a Discalced Carmelite, and a Doctor of The Church (†1591. Feast Day 24 November), the Seraphic Saint Teresa of Ávila (†1582. Feast Day 15 October) restored the Primitive Observance in The Ancient Order of Mount Carmel. Saint Peter of Alcantara, the illustrious reformer of The Friars Minor (†1562. Feast Day 19 October) being their guide in this noble attempt. Like him, Saint Paschal Baylon (†1592. Feast Day 17 May) was a "Son of Saint Francis".



English: Saint Teresa of Ávila.
With the help of Saint John of The Cross, a Discalced Carmelite, and a Doctor of The Church (†1591. Feast Day 24 November), the Seraphic Saint Teresa of Ávila (†1582. Feast Day 15 October) restored the Primitive Observance in The Ancient Order of Mount Carmel.
Deutsch: Hl. Therese von Avila.
Artist: Peter Paul Rubens (1577–1640).
Date: 1615.
Current location: Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria.
(Wikimedia Commons)


Saint Jerome Emiliani (†1537. Feast Day 20 July) Founded The Congregation of Somascha for The Education of Boys, and Saint Angela Merici (†1540. Feast Day 31 May) that of The Ursulines for The Education of Girls. Saint Cajetan (†1547. Feast Day 7 August) was the Founder of The Theatines. The Barnabites, another institute of the same kind, owe their origin to Saint Anthony-Mary Zaccaria (†1539. Feast Day 5 July).

Saint Charles Borromeo (†1584. Feast Day 4 November) was a reformer of The Clergy; Saint Philip Neri (†1595. Feast Day 26 May) Founded The Congregation of The Oratory; Saint Thomas of Villanova, an Augustinian Monk (†1555. Feast Day 22 September), became famous for his Charity to The Poor, and Saint John of God (†1550. Feast Day 8 March) formed a Congregation of Friar Hospitallers.



English
Saint Jerome Emiliani (†1537. Feast Day 20 July).
Founded The Congregation of Somascha for The Education of Boys
Italiano: Ritratto di San Girolamo Milani, fondatore della congregazione
dei padri Somaschi. (già presente sul sito dei padri Somaschi e quindi di pubblico dominio).
This File: 31 January 2008.
User: Andres rus.
(Wikimedia Commons)



Saint Charles Borromeo (†1584. Feast Day 4 November)
was a reformer of The Clergy
Artist: Giovanni Ambrogio Figino (1548–1608).
Current location: Museo Diocesano di Milano, Milan, Italy.
Source/Photographer: Museo Diocesano di Milano (arteecarte.it,italian)
(Uploaded by User:Lupo to en.wikipedia)
(Wikimedia Commons)


In 1584, Pope Gregory XIII extended The Feast of Saint Anne (Feast Day 26 July) to The Universal Church. It was this Pope, who, in 1582, promulgated the reform of The Calendar, which remains famous under the name of The Gregorian Reform, and which restored The Christian Anniversaries to their proper dates, [Editor: Unlike today's modernist and liberal reformers, who make it up as they go along merrily.]



Saint Thomas More (†1535. Feast Day 6 July).
Martyred for The Faith.
Artist: Hans Holbein the Younger (1497/1498–1543).
Date: 1527.
Current location: Frick Collection,
Manhattan, New York,
United States of America.
(Wikimedia Commons)


In 1585, Pope Sixtus V imposed on The Whole Church The Feast of The Presentation of The Blessed Virgin Mary (Feast Day 21 November).

It was also in the 16th-Century that Pope Julius II and Pope Leo X raised over Saint Peter's tomb the new Basilica of The Vatican. Pope Urban VIII Consecrated it in 1626, a fact recalled on the Anniversary of The Dedication of The Basilicas of Saint Peter and Saint Paul (Feast Day 18 November).


The 16th-Century.

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