Saint Paul-Without-The-Walls, Rome. Author: Herbert Weber, Hildesheim. Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence. Wikimedia Commons.

15 October 2021

Saint Teresa Of Ávila. Virgin. One Of The Four Female Doctors Of The Church. Whose Feast Day Is, Today, 15 October.

Text from The Saint Andrew Daily Missal,
unless otherwise stated.

Saint Teresa.
   Doctor of The Church.
   Feast Day 15 October.


White Vestments.

Saint Teresa of Ávila (Saint Teresa of Jesus)
Artist: René de Cramer.
“Copyright Brunelmar/Ghent/Belgium”.
Used with Permission.

Saint Teresa was born at Ávila, Spain. From her earliest childhood, she ardently desired to die a Martyr. At the age of eighteen, she entered The Order of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, and Consecrated herself to Christ, whom she chose for her spouse (Epistle).

[The Order of Mount Carmel, which spread over The East in Apostolic times, penetrated into The West in the 13th-Century. Illustrious Members of this Order, much by their Sanctity, rank, or writings, are very numerous. Several have filled the greatest dignities in The Church.]

Her heart was so inflamed with Divine Love that she wrote: "How the enraptured Soul feels in this body its captivity and the misery of life ! It considers itself a slave sold in a foreign land; and, what is most bitter, is to see everywhere men's passionate love for this life, and so few banished ones who sigh like itself and Pray for the end of their exile." [Her autobiography, Chapter XXI.]

English: Saint Teresa Of Ávila (Saint Teresa Of Jesus).
One of four female Doctors of The Church.
[Editor: The four female Doctors of The Church are:
Saint Teresa of Avila;
Saint Catherine of Siena;
Saint Hildegard von Bingen.]
Deutsch: Hl. Therese von Avila.
Artist: Peter Paul Rubens (1577–1640).
Date: 1615.
Current location: Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Counselled by Jesus, she made the difficult Vow of always doing what she judged most perfect.

She attained through Prayer the highest degree of Mystical Life, and there found such enlightenment concerning Divine Things (Collect), that her works earned for her, from Popes Gregory XV and Urban VII, the august Title of Doctor of The Church, which has been given to no other woman.

[Editor: This last comment was dated 1945 in The Saint Andrew Daily Missal. Since then, three other women have gained the Title of Doctor of The Church. They are: Saint Thérèse of Lisieux (Thérèse de Lisieux (Saint Therese of The Child Jesus and of The Holy Face)); Saint Catherine of Siena; Saint Hildegard von Bingen. Wikipedia states that Saint Teresa of Ávila was given the Title of Doctor of The Church, by Pope Paul VI, in 1970.]

Saint Catherine of Siena.
One of the four female Doctors of The Church.
Current location: The Church of Santa Maria del Rosario in Prati, Roma, Italy.
Author: Anonymous.
(Wikimedia Commons)

"The best Prayer," she wrote, "and the most pleasing to God, is that which brings on improvement, showing itself in good works, and not the enjoyment which only serves for our own satisfaction." [Letter to The Bishop of Ávila.]

The influence of this humble Virgin, who converted thousands of Souls, manifestly proves the supreme importance of The Contemplative Life, addressing itself, directly, as it does, to God, The Author of All Good.

She died of Divine Love on 5-15 October. 1582. [Pope Gregory XIII, in order to reform The Roman Calendar, had ordered the suppression of ten days of the year 1582; the day after 4 October was to be called the 15th of the same month. It was during this historic night, of the 4th to the 15th, that Saint Teresa died.]

Mass: Dilexísti.

Voices of Angels”,
Composed by: Hildegard von Bingen.
One of The Four Female Doctors of The Catholic Church.
Available on YouTube at

English: Saint Thérèse of Lisieux.
One of the four female Doctors of The Church.
Saint Therese of The Child Jesus in the photograph taken in
the courtyard of the Monastery of Lisieux, Easter Monday, 15 April 1894.
Español: Detalle de Santa Teresa del Niño Jesús en la fotografía tomada en el patio del monasterio de Lisieux el Lunes de Pascua, 15 de abril de 1894.
Français: Détail de Sainte Thérèse de l'Enfant Jésus dans la photographie prise dans la cour du monastère de Lisieux lundi de Pâques, 15 Avril, 1894.
Italiano: Particolare di Santa Teresa del Bambino Gesù nella fotografia scattata nel cortile del monastero di Lisieux Lunedi di Pasqua, April 15, 1894.
Date: 3 September 2014.
Source: Archivos del Carmelo de Lisieux.
Author: Celine Martin (Sor Genoveva de la Santa Faz).
(Wikimedia Commons)

The following Text is from Wikipedia - the free encyclopædia.

Teresa of Ávila, also called Saint Teresa of Jesus, baptised as Teresa Sánchez de Cepeda y Ahumada (28 March 1515 – 4 October 1582), was a prominent Spanish MysticRoman Catholic SaintCarmelite Nun, author during The Counter Reformation, and Theologian of Contemplative Life through Mental Prayer. She was a Reformer of The Carmelite Order and is considered to be a Founder of The Discalced Carmelites along with Saint John of The Cross.

In 1622, forty years after her death, she was Canonised by Pope Gregory XV, and, on 27 September 1970, was named a Doctor of The Church by Pope Paul VI. Her books, which include her autobiography (The Life of Teresa of Jesus) and her seminal work El Castillo Interior (The Interior Castle), are an integral part of Spanish Renaissance Literature as well as Christian Mysticism and Christian Meditation practices. She also wrote Camino de Perfección (The Way of Perfection).

After her death, Saint Teresa's cult was known in Spain during the 1620s, and for a time she was considered a candidate to become a National Patron Saint. A Santero image of Our Lady of The Conception, said to have been sent by Saint Teresa with one of her brothers to Nicaragua, is now Venerated as the Country's National Patroness at The Shrine of El Viejo. Pious Catholic beliefs also associate Saint Teresa with the esteemed Religious image called The Infant Jesus of Prague, with claims of former ownership and Devotion.

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