Saint Paul-Without-The-Walls, Rome. Author: Herbert Weber, Hildesheim. Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence. Wikimedia Commons.

24 November 2012

Cologne Cathedral (Part Five)


Text and Illustrations from Wikipedia - the free encyclopaedia,
unless otherwise stated.




Deutsch: Kölner Dom, Innenraum, um 1900.
English: The Cathedral interior, Cologne, the Rhine, Germany, 1890-1900.
Photo: Between 1890 and 1905.
Source: Original image: Photochrom print (colour photo lithograph). 
Reproduction number: LC-DIG-ppmsca-00809 from Library of Congress
This image is available from the United States Library of Congress's Prints and Photographs division under the digital ID ppmsca.00809.
This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. See Commons:Licensing for more information.
(Wikimedia Commons)




The main entrance of Cologne Cathedral.
Photo: September 2005 (original upload date).
Source: Originally from en.wikipedia; description page is/was here.
Author: Yavor Doychinov. Original uploader was Yoceto at en.wikipedia
Licensed under the GFDL by the author; 
Released under the GNU Free Documentation License.
(Wikimedia Commons)





Cologne Cathedral. Panoramic View of Interior
Collection: A. D. White Architectural Photographs, Cornell University Library 
Accession Number: 15/5/3090.01537
Photograph date: circa 1865 - circa 1885 Persistent 
Photo: January 1865.
Source: Originally posted to Flickr as Cologne Cathedral. Panoramic View of Interior
Permission: This image, which was originally posted to Flickr.com, was uploaded to Commons using Flickr upload bot on 18:40, 23 June 2009 (UTC) by AndreasPraefcke
On that date it was licensed under the license below.
This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic license.


Bells

The Cathedral has eleven Church bells, four of which are mediaeval. The first was the 3.8-ton Dreikönigsglocke ("Bell of the Three Kings"), cast in 1418, installed in 1437, and re-cast in 1880. Two of the other bells, the Pretiosa (10.5 tons; at that time the largest bell in the Western world) and the Speciosa (5.6 tons) were installed in 1448 and remain in place today.

During the 19th-Century, as the building neared completion, there was a desire to extend the number of bells. This was facilitated by Kaiser Wilhelm I, who gave French bronze cannon, captured in 1870–71, for this purpose. 




Copy of the finials in the Town Square 
(same size as the two atop the Cathedral).
Photo: August 2012.
Source: Own work.


The 22 pieces of artillery were displayed outside the Cathedral on 11 May 1872. Andreas Hamm, in Frankenthal, used them to cast a bell of over 27,000 kilos on 19 August 1873. The tone was not harmonious and another attempt was made on 13 November 1873. The Central Cathedral Association, which had agreed to take over the costs, did not want this bell either. Another attempt took place on 3 October 1874. The colossal bell was shipped to Cologne and on 13 May 1875, installed in the Cathedral. This Kaiserglocke was eventually dismantled in 1918 to support the German war effort.

The 24-ton St. Petersglocke ("Bell of St. Peter", "Dicke Pitter" in the Kölsch dialect), was cast in 1922 and is the largest free-swinging bell in the world.




"Peterglocke", Cologne Cathedral Bell.
Photo: December 2003.
Author: Randal J.
Permission: CC-BY-SA.
(Wikimedia Commons)


Bells of the ridge turret:

Consecration Bell – 0.425 tons (Wandlungsglocke)
Vespers Bell – 0.28 tons (Mettglocke)
Angelus Bell – 0.763 tons (Angelusglocke)


Bells of the Main Bell Cage in the South Spire:

Hail Bell – 0.83 tons (Aveglocke)
Chapter Bell – 1.4 tons (Kapitelsglocke)
St Joseph's Bell – 2.2 tons (Josephglocke)
St Ursula's Bell – 2.55 tons (Ursulaglocke)
Bell of the Three Kings – 3.8 tons (Dreikönigsglocke)
Pretiosa – 10.5 tons
Speciosa – 5.6 tons
St Peter's Bell – 24 tons (St. Petersglocke)





View from inside the right tower, Cologne Cathedral.
Photo: June 2007.
Source: Own work.
Author: Ziko.
(Wikimedia Commons)

Church music

Cologne Cathedral has two pipe organs by Klais Orgelbau: The Transept Organ, built in 1948, and The Nave Organ, built in 1998. 

Cathedral organists have included Josef Zimmermann, Clemens Ganz (1985–2001) and Winfried Bönig (2001).




Statue of the Blessed Virgin Mary on the central jamb of the main door.
Photo: May 2007.
Source: Own work.
Author: Mathias Bigge.
(Wikimedia Commons)


THIS CONCLUDES THE ARTICLE ON COLOGNE CATHEDRAL


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